1 Chief Executive Officer Jharkhand Watershed Mission TYMA watershed: A turning point in total village development in Jharkhand stateB.NijalingappaChief Executive OfficerJharkhand Watershed MissionRanchi.Date:
2 About TYMA Watershed Project Area: 1016 ha.Households: 632ST &SC Households: 61%Av. Ann. Rainfall: 1180 mm.Forests: 35%Culturable waste: 21%NSA: 43% of Tot. areaCropping Intensity: 116%Fam. with food security: 33%Families under BPL: 64%GolaDist: 9 Km.Map not to scale
3 Project Implementation Project Implementation Agency: PRADANInitiation of Capacity Building phase: 2001Initiation of Final Implementation phase: 2002Completion of Watershed Project: 2008Total budgetary outlay: Rs. 80 lakhNABARD’s Assistance: Rs lakhPeople’s contribution: Rs lakhLoan from Banks: Rs lakh
4 Intervention Processes Capacity building PhaseReconnaissance surveyInitiating Social mobilization processes:Organize women SHGsFormation of Hamlet level Watershed CommitteesPromotion of Apex level Watershed AssociationExposure to Purulia, W.B.Visioning exerciseEntry Point Activities and preparation for Planning
5 Full Programme Implementation Training of Watershed committee members on:Technical design and Layout,Measurement of works and payments,Maintenance of books of accounts,Training of farmers to adopt improved technology for productivity enhancement,Creating pool of Community Resource Persons for livelihood service delivery including marketing,Training of Watershed Community on maintenance of assets
6 Involvement of women in Planning process Preparation of various Maps:Resource mapCurrent Land use mapProblem mapInterventions MapOverlaying family based plan mapPrioritizing and budgeting worksRole division for Implementation & Supervision by community
7 Changes: Pre and Post watershed Treatment Sl.ParticularsPre-TreatmentPost Treatment1.SHG Promotion54 (782 Members)*Net Owned fund19.79 lakhTotal credit disbursed48.27 lakhBank Linked SHGs44Bank Loan mobilized23.08 lakh2.Crop CultivationNet Sown Areaha.ha.Area under Double cropping60 ha.309 ha.Cropping intensity115%160%Orchards10.57 ha.3.Physical InfrastructureWater Harvesting Tanks1340Renovation of old WHTs-9Land Husbandryha.Plantations & pasture dev.33.71 ha.
10 Impact: Village Auradih Sl.ParticularsPre-watershedPost- watershed1.Net Sown Area101 ha.(42% of Total land area)178 ha. (58% of Total land area)2.Area under Double Cropping17 ha. (17% of NSA)102 ha. (57% of NSA)3.Area under Triple cropping6 ha. (6% of NSA)43 ha. (24% of NSA)4.Families with year-round food security33%80%5.Av. Annual income from agricultureRs. 4,600Rs. 18,0006.Families accessing credit from banks17 families138 SHG member- families7.Months of engagement in farming4 months10 months
11 Use of pond under TYMAHad more than one meter water in last year in 24 ponds in spite of the scanty rainfall.Avg coverage of low and medium land ponds ( 28 nos) are:Rabi: haSummer: haCommunity does crop planning as per water availability in the pond.Average earning from fishery:No of pond in which fish reared: 24One villager (entrepreneur)- Ritulal Manjhi reared fish in 7 pond (own 2)- average earning Rs /- from each pond .
12 Watershed committee fund Main source:Working as a Resource Persons.Charges varies from Rs per exposure.Service charges claimed for training as trainer.Renting charge from impliments owned by WC.Disciplinary fine collected from villagers.Use of this fund:Maintaining the various structures developed.Support the financial gap in some innovative projects such as Drip in mango orchard.Organizing training for the villages on new crop package etc.Supporting poor farmers and SHGs as decided by the WC
13 Socio-economic impact SHGs, Watershed Committees sustain development initiatives82% increase in enrolment of students in the primary schools,38% increase in retention of girls students in the middle level,Jangal Bachao Samiti has protected & rejuvenated 80 ha. forest,2 –SHGs have taken bank loan under SGSY to install 2-MLI schemes to irrigate 18 ha.Today, Auradih has 10 television sets, 16 motorcycles, 20 mobile phones and 150 bicycles.
14 Way ForwardSupport adoption of technologies that can increase water productivity,Bring in more areas in existing W/S under similar treatments to improve overall hydrology of the area,Investments in farm allied & off- farm enterprises for landless families,Attending to well-being needs of the community such as drinking water and sanitation, electrification and better road connectivity,A bigger area (5000 to ha.) around Tyma Watershed could be brought under watershed treatment,At the macro-level, Tyma watershed project can serve as a demo. for the State to facilitate formulation of favourable policy framework for convergence and livelihoods.