Presentation on theme: "TYMA watershed: A turning point in total village development in Jharkhand state B.Nijalingappa Chief Executive Officer Jharkhand Watershed Mission Ranchi."— Presentation transcript:
TYMA watershed: A turning point in total village development in Jharkhand state B.Nijalingappa Chief Executive Officer Jharkhand Watershed Mission Ranchi. Date: 22. 06. 2011
Map not to scale Gola Dist: 9 Km. Area: 1016 ha. Households: 632 ST &SC Households: 61% Av. Ann. Rainfall: 1180 mm. Forests: 35% Culturable waste: 21% NSA: 43% of Tot. area Cropping Intensity: 116% Fam. with food security: 33% Families under BPL: 64% About TYMA Watershed Project
Project Implementation Project Implementation Agency: PRADAN Initiation of Capacity Building phase: 2001 Initiation of Final Implementation phase: 2002 Completion of Watershed Project: 2008 Total budgetary outlay: Rs. 80 lakh NABARD’s Assistance: Rs.62.64 lakh People’s contribution: Rs. 6.79 lakh Loan from Banks: Rs.10.57 lakh
Intervention Processes Capacity building Phase Reconnaissance survey Initiating Social mobilization processes: Organize women SHGs Formation of Hamlet level Watershed Committees Promotion of Apex level Watershed Association Exposure to Purulia, W.B. Visioning exercise Entry Point Activities and preparation for Planning
Full Programme Implementation Training of Watershed committee members on: –Technical design and Layout, –Measurement of works and payments, –Maintenance of books of accounts, Training of farmers to adopt improved technology for productivity enhancement, Creating pool of Community Resource Persons for livelihood service delivery including marketing, Training of Watershed Community on maintenance of assets
Involvement of women in Planning process Preparation of various Maps: Resource map Current Land use map Problem map Interventions Map Overlaying family based plan map Prioritizing and budgeting works Role division for Implementation & Supervision by community
Sl. ParticularsPre-TreatmentPost Treatment 1.SHG Promotion0 54 (782 Members) *Net Owned fund0 19.79 lakh *Total credit disbursed0 48.27 lakh *Bank Linked SHGs0 44 *Bank Loan mobilized0 23.08 lakh 2.Crop Cultivation *Net Sown Area 428.50 ha. 625.25 ha. *Area under Double cropping 60 ha. 309 ha. *Cropping intensity 115% 160% *Orchards0 10.57 ha. 3.Physical Infrastructure *Water Harvesting Tanks13 40 *Renovation of old WHTs- 9 *Land Husbandry0 177.19 ha. *Plantations & pasture dev.0 33.71 ha. Changes: Pre and Post watershed Treatment
Satellite imagery of Treated Areas of Auradih
Watershed Treatments in Auradih
Impact: Village Auradih Sl.ParticularsPre-watershedPost- watershed 1.Net Sown Area101 ha.(42% of Total land area) 178 ha. (58% of Total land area) 2.Area under Double Cropping17 ha. (17% of NSA)102 ha. (57% of NSA) 3.Area under Triple cropping 6 ha. (6% of NSA) 43 ha. (24% of NSA) 4.Families with year-round food security 33% 80% 5.Av. Annual income from agriculture Rs. 4,600 Rs. 18,000 6.Families accessing credit from banks 17 families138 SHG member- families 7.Months of engagement in farming 4 months10 months
Use of pond under TYMA 1.Had more than one meter water in last year in 24 ponds in spite of the scanty rainfall. 2.Avg coverage of low and medium land ponds ( 28 nos) are: Rabi: 2.5- 3 ha Summer: 1.5- 2.0 ha 3.Community does crop planning as per water availability in the pond. 4.Average earning from fishery: No of pond in which fish reared: 24 One villager (entrepreneur)- Ritulal Manjhi reared fish in 7 pond (own 2)- average earning Rs. 15000/- from each pond.
Watershed committee fund Main source: –Working as a Resource Persons. –Charges varies from Rs. 2000- 3000 per exposure. – Service charges claimed for training as trainer. –Renting charge from impliments owned by WC. – Disciplinary fine collected from villagers. Use of this fund: – Maintaining the various structures developed. –Support the financial gap in some innovative projects such as Drip in mango orchard. –Organizing training for the villages on new crop package etc. – Supporting poor farmers and SHGs as decided by the WC
Socio-economic impact SHGs, Watershed Committees sustain development initiatives 82% increase in enrolment of students in the primary schools, 38% increase in retention of girls students in the middle level, Jangal Bachao Samiti has protected & rejuvenated 80 ha. forest, 2 –SHGs have taken bank loan under SGSY to install 2-MLI schemes to irrigate 18 ha. Today, Auradih has 10 television sets, 16 motorcycles, 20 mobile phones and 150 bicycles.
Way Forward Support adoption of technologies that can increase water productivity, Bring in more areas in existing W/S under similar treatments to improve overall hydrology of the area, Investments in farm allied & off- farm enterprises for landless families, Attending to well-being needs of the community such as drinking water and sanitation, electrification and better road connectivity, A bigger area (5000 to 10000 ha.) around Tyma Watershed could be brought under watershed treatment, At the macro-level, Tyma watershed project can serve as a demo. for the State to facilitate formulation of favourable policy framework for convergence and livelihoods.