Massive production of all agricultural commodities to ensure national food security and household food self sufficiency
Contributes between 16 and 20% of GDP Over 40% of national exports 60% of raw materials to agro industries Provides livelihoods to over 70% of the population Employment for some 1/3 of formal labour force
Fertilizer shortage > low capacity utilisation due to lack of foreign currency Limited hybrid seed availability > poor supplies of fertilizer, erratic fuel and electricity Untimely and inapropriate supply of inputs Recurrent droughts and floods Limited financial resources to smallholder farmers Limited investment in agriculture> irrigation, infrastructure, market dvpt Limited research and extension > funding constraints ( cell phone farmers)
Contract farming – cotton, maize, tobacco, barley Linking commodity and input marketing – GMB, farmers deliver maize and get inputs in return ( or cash) Seed fairs – done by AGRITEX, NGOs and seed houses across the country Warehouse receipts (WR) – improving input credit and adding flexibility in farmer selling decisions. Will weed out ineffective farmers. WR development at an advanced level Vulnerable farmers – targeted 1million households including 600 000households under FAO. Level of support – 1/3 to 1/2ha. Package includes seeds and fertilizers
Livestock production – rehabilitation of dip tanks, vaccinations, supplementary feeding etc Irrigation development and drought mitigation – potential 600 000ha but less than 200 000ha developed and functional. Vast water bodies available including underground water. Farm mechanization – acquisition of tractors, combine harvesters and implements to improve productivity
strengthening of commodity associations, cooperatives and farmer’s unions Strengthening research and extension services Promoting investment in agriculture – free market, multicurrency environment but still require irrigation development, input and output market development, infrastructure, among others.