Presentation on theme: "FINAL REVIEW: SKILLS & GRAPHING I"— Presentation transcript:
1 FINAL REVIEW: SKILLS & GRAPHING I The graph below shows the water levels thatresult from tidal action over a 24-hour period.3. The items listed below were found in a scienceclassroom.• a plastic heart with many of its parts labeled• clay formed to look like Earth and other planets• a giant plastic plant cell with removable cell partsThese items are all examples of:(1) models (3) variables(2) experiments (4) controls4. Which of the organisms shown below consists ofonly one cell?What was the approximate height of the water onthe tide marker at 6 p.m.?(1) 4.3 ft (3) 8.5 ft(2) 5.4 ft (4) ft.(1) pine tree (3) mushroom(2) ameba (4) earthworm
2 5. The diagram below shows a student making a wet-mount slide.2. The diagram below shows a tall beaker with fourdifferent liquids and their densities.Why should the student make sure the edge of thecoverslip touches the drop of water before settingthe coverslip onto the slide?(1) to increase evaporation (3) to reduce air bubbles(2) to clean the slide (4) to prevent breakage6. A change in the environment that causes aresponse is known as a(1) stimulus (3) reflex(2) habit (4) source7. The energy obtained from food is measured inunits called(1) watts (3) degrees(2) Calories (4) poundsIf a ball that has a density of 1.73 g/cm3 is placed inthe beaker, where will the ball come to rest?(1) on top of liquid A(2) between liquids B and C(3) between liquids C and D(4) on the bottom of the beaker
3 THE SOLID CHANGED PHASE (MELTED) *Base your answers to questions 8-12 on the experiment described below.Heat was applied at a constant rate to a solid substance under controlled conditions. The temperature of thesubstance was recorded every 3 minutes. These data are recorded in the table below.8. Use the grid above to construct a linegraph from the data in the table. Follow thesteps below.a. Use Xs to plot the data for time & temperature.b. Draw a line that connects the Xs.9. Title the graph. _________________________10. What would the temperature of the substancebe at 23 minutes? °C11. What is the independent (manipulated)variable in this experiment? __________________12. If heat was added at a constant rate, why didthe temperature remain at 16°C for 6 minutes?_________________________________________TIME VS. TEMPERATURE30TIMETHE SOLID CHANGED PHASE (MELTED)
4 13. A student wants to design a controlled experiment to solve the following problem:When placed in a freezer, willhot water or cold water reach0°C faster? The student plansto place two containers withequal masses of water (one hot &one cold) in the same freezer inthe classroom.a. List three conditions that shouldbe constant for the hot water & coldwater setups.b. For each condition, give a reasonwhy the condition needs to be the samefor both the hot water & cold water setups.SAME FREEZERTO ENSURE THE SAME TEMPERATURE.EQUAL AMOUNT OF WATERLESS WATER WILL FREEZE FASTER.SAME CONTAINERENSURE THE SAME DIMENSION OF THE ICE.
5 *Base your answers to questions 14-16 on the graph which shows average yearlytemperatures for Earth from 1900 to 1990.14. Describe what happened to the averageyearly temperature on Earth from 1970 to 1990.Give one possible reason why this change occurred._________________________________________15. What was the lowest average yearly temperaturein the period of time shown? __________°F16. In which 10-year time interval did the averageyearly temperature show both an increase and a decrease?1915– (2) 1925–1935(3) 1945– (4) 1975–1985GLOBAL WARMING & ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGE56.3
6 Identify the independent (manipulated) variable in the experiment. 17. A student goes skateboarding a few times a week. The student notices that she can go faster while skatingon some level surfaces than on others. She hypothesizes that speed has something to do with the surface she isskating on. The student wants to design an experiment to test this hypothesis.Identify the independent (manipulated) variable in the experiment._____________________________________________________THE SURFACES SKATED ON.b. Identify the dependent (responding) variable in the experiment.__________________________________________________c. Identify two factors that will need to be held constant in the experiment.(1) __________________________________ (2) __________________________HOW FAST SHE TRAVELS.THE SKATER, THE BOARD, THE DISTANCE.THE CONDITIONS, ETC…
7 ALL CONDITIONS MUST BE EQUAL TO REDUCE ANY ERRORS. *Base your answers to questions 65 and 66 on the information and on the diagram below. A student set up theexperiment below to learn about plant growth. The student added a different amount of water to fouridentical containers, each containing four seeds in 100 cubic centimeters of soil. All of the containerswere placed in the same sunny location.18. State a hypothesis being tested in this experiment.______________________________________________19. a. Identify one constant.b. Explain why this variable needs to be constant._____________________________________________IF WATER HELPS SEEDS GROW, THEN CHANGING THE AMOUNT OF WATER GIVEN TO SEEDS WILL AFFECT THEIR GROWTH.NUMBER OF SEEDS, AMOUNT OF SOIL, TYPE OF SOIL, AMOUNT OF SUN, SAME CONTAINER, TIMING OF WATERALL CONDITIONS MUST BE EQUAL TO REDUCE ANY ERRORS.
8 *Base your answers to questions 20-21 on the Information below that shows temperaturereadings recorded every minute while asubstance was being heated at a constant rate.The material was a solid before heating & ahot liquid after 7 minutes of heating.Give the graph a title.TIME VS. TEMPERATURETime (min)Temp (oC)2213525334565876520. Construct a line graph from the data table.21. At what temperature did a phase change take place?(1) 35°C (3) 58°C(2) 53°C (4) 65°C
9 Date: _________ & Time: __________ 22. Diagram-A below shows a spring scale being used to weigh a 100-gram mass. Which diagram (1-4) bestrepresents the correct reading for the same spring scale being used to weigh a 200-gram mass?23. The table below shows the dates and the times of high and low ocean tides in a certain location. The datashow a cyclic pattern. From the data, predict the date/time of the next low tide.Date: _________ & Time: __________May 72:46 pm
10 United States. Earthquake activity is indicated by dots. *Base your answers to questions on the map below which shows earthquake activity in and around theUnited States. Earthquake activity is indicated by dots.24. State one reason that there are more earthquakes in the western section of the area shown on the map.__________________________________________25. According to the map, what is the latitude and longitude of the location at letter X?Latitude: _____________Longitude: ______________26. List two actions that would be included in an earthquake emergency plan.(1) _______________________________________(2)________________________________________PLATE BOUNDARY, FAULT LINE, RING OF FIRE.400 N1100 WESCAPE ROUTE, MEETING PLACE, FIRST AID SUPPLIES, FOOD & WATER, ETC….
11 *Base your answers to questions 27-30 on the information below. A student determined that shaking a container of sand caused the temperature of the sand to rise. The student then performed a new experiment to see if shaking a container of pebbles would cause the temperature of the pebbles to rise.27. Explain why the shaking caused the temperature of the sand to rise. ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________28. Write a hypothesis for the new experiment._______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________29. Identify the independent (manipulated) variable in the experiments.______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________30. Identify the dependent (responding) variable in the new experiment.FRICTION BETWEEN THE SAND GRAINS.IF SHAKING CAUSES SAND GRAIN TEMPERATURE TO RISE, THEN USING PEBBLES WILL ALSO CAUSE THEIR TEMPERATURE TO RISE.THE SEDIMENT (SAND OR PEBBLES).HOW HIGH TE TEMPERATURE RISES.31. Which instrument could be used to determine the volume of an irregularly shaped solid?
12 X 32. The diagram below shows milk being poured into a measuring cup.35. On the world map below, place an X so that its center represents the location at 40° N and 80° E.Which property of the milk can be directly measuredusing the cup?(1) mass (3) solubility(2) density (4) volume33. The diagram below shows a ball held in placeby two blocks. The diameter (width) of the ball isshown between the two blocks.XWhat is the diameter of the ball?(1) 6.0 cm (3) cm(2) 8.0 cm (4) cm
13 36. The data table below shows the mass of an 800 g block of ice as it melts to a 600 g block of ice.34. Which graph shows that more grams of asubstance can be dissolved in water as the watertemperature increases?If the current rate of melting continues, how manymore minutes will be required for the 600- gramblock of ice to reach a mass of 400 grams?(1) (2) (3) (4) 6037. The diagram belowshows a simple microscope.Parts of the microscopeare labeled A, B, C,&D.Which part of themicroscope is usedto bring the image ofthe object on the slideinto focus?(1) A (3) C(2) B (4) D
14 38. All matter is made up of particles called (1) cells (3) atoms(2) molecules (4) compounds39. The longitude of a location determines whichtime zone it is in. Different time zones are theresult of the(1) Earth’s rotation (3) Earth’s revolution(2) Moon’s rotation (4) Moon’s revolution40. One important difference between living things& nonliving things is that only living things have(1) compounds (3) molecules(2) elements (4) cells41. To survive, all organisms must have(1) chlorophyll (3) energy(2) carbon dioxide (4) blood44. Which term identifies a group of cells that worktogether to perform a similar function?(1) molecule (2) organ (3) organism (4) tissue45. Organisms that consume wastes to obtain thenutrients they need to survive are classified as(1) decomposers (3) predators(2) herbivores (4) producers46. The diagram below shows a life process takingplace within a cell.Which life process is shown?(1) reproduction (3) respiration(2) digestion (4) locomotion
15 43. The diagram shows a triple-beam balance 47. The diagram below shows 20 grams of two different materials, A and B, on a laboratory balance.42. The diagram below shows a rock being placedin a graduated cylinder containing water.What is the volume ofthe rock?Note: 1 mL = 1 cm3.Compared to material A, material B has a different(1) density (2) phase (3) mass (4) shape48. The diagram shows water in a graduated cylinder.Volume = __________10 mLA student states that the graduated cylinder contains 150 mL of water. This statement isa prediction (3) a theoryan observation (4) a hypothesis43. The diagram shows a triple-beam balance49. Organisms that consume wastes to obtain thenutrients they need to survive are classified as(1) decomposers (3) predators(2) herbivores (4) producers50. Which term identifies a group of cells that worktogether to perform a similar function?(1) molecule (3) organism(2) organ (4) tissueWhat is the maximum mass, in grams, thatcould be measured by this balance?(1) (3) 610(2) (4)
16 51. The diagram below shows views of the same *Base your answers to questions on the information & diagram. A student was studying a prepared slide of cells under a microscope. The diagram represents what the student observed on the slide at a magnification of 100×.51. The diagram below shows views of the samecells observed under a compound microscopebefore and after a laboratory procedure.54. Identify the shaded structure shown in each cell.__________________________________________55. Draw what the student would see if the cells wereviewed under 400× magnification with the samemicroscope in the circle above.What did the student most likely do to causethe difference between the two views?(1) increased the magnification(2) decreased the magnification(3) added stain to the cells(4) added water to the cellsTHE NUCLEUS
17 *Base your answers to questions 52-53 on the diagram that shows an overhead view of two trains,A and B, traveling beside each other in the directionof the arrow.56. The chart shows the inferred evolution of some dinosaurs during three time periods in Earth’s history.52. When a passenger in train A looks at a passengerdirectly across in train B, it appears that train B is notmoving, even though both trains are moving. Howdoes the speed of train A compare to train B?________________________________________53. What visual evidence observed by the passengersin either train lets them know that their train ismoving in the direction indicated by the arrow?_________________________________________Which dinosaur most likely evolved from Coelophysis?(1) Theodont (3) Tyrannosaurus (2) Triceratops (4) Camptosaurus57. The diagram below shows four organisms.THEY ARE MOVING AT THE SAME SPEED.Which organisms above belong to the same kingdom?___________________________________________PASSING THE TREES OUTSIDE.THE BIRD & SHARK= ANIMAL KINGDOM
18 58. What is the relationship between the average mass of males and their age?59. Construct a line graph on the grid below. Usingan X for each point, plot the data for the age andaverage height of females. Connect the Xs with a line.*Base your answers to questions on the datatable that shows the average height in centimeters &average mass in kilograms for students age 8-16years old in the United States in 1994.AS AGE INCREASES, MASS INCREASES.
19 60. What was the purpose of test tube A in this *Base your answers to question 60 on the information below. An experiment was conducted to observethe effects of acid on chalk, a form of calcium carbonate. Three pieces of chalk were carved with the samepattern and placed in test tubes A, B, and C. Equal volumes of water were added to test tubes A and B.The student blew through a straw into test tube B for five minutes, producing bubbles. An equal volume ofvinegar (acetic acid) was added to test tube C and bubbles were produced.60. What was the purpose of test tube A in thisexperiment? ____________________________The next day, the student observed and recordedthe results shown in the data table.CONTROL
20 61. The graph below represents the relationship between the amount of spring rainfall recorded at a pondand the number of frogs in that pond over 5 spring seasons.What is the difference between the number of frogs in the pond when the rainfall was 5 cm and whenthe rainfall was 20 cm?(1) (2) (3) (4) 60
21 of time, in seconds, for one complete swing of the pendulum. *Base your answers to questions on the diagram and information below that shows a ball hung on astring to create a pendulum. The pendulum’s period and angle of release are shown. The period is the lengthof time, in seconds, for one complete swing of the pendulum.Three different investigations to determine the period of a swinging pendulum are described below.• In investigation 1, the pendulum was released at different angles. The length of string and mass of the ball were the same for each angle.• In investigation 2, different lengths of string were used. The angle of release and mass of the ball were the same for each length.• In investigation 3, balls of different masses were used. The angle of release and length of string were the same for each mass.The data tables below show the results of the three investigations.62. Circle the graph above that best represents the relationship shown by the data in investigation 1.63. Determine the most likely length of the string used in investigation 3 based on the data provided in investigation 2.Answer: _______________29 cm