Presentation on theme: "IMPROVE YOUR READING RATE"— Presentation transcript:
1IMPROVE YOUR READING RATE And MAXIMIZE YOUR COMPREHENSIONPresentation provided by UTPB West Texas Literacy Center an HSI funded program. HSI is a federally funded program granted by the Department of Education Title V programs.Developed by: Ana Miller, M.A.. Ed., Reading Specialist
2WHY SHOULD I IMPROVE MY READING RATE? In college, you have more to read and less timeReading too slowly reduces comprehensionReading too slowly does not stimulate your brain and decreases interest in the textYou have the capability-1 trillion brain cells and the visual capacity to take in a full page of text in 1/20 of a secondReading 500+ wpm is attainable
3WHAT FACTORS REDUCE READING RATE AND COMPREHENSION? Limited perceptual span or excessive fixation: Word-by-word reading, pointingRegression: Needless or unconscious rereading, habitual and signals lack of concentrationVocalization: Moving your lips while readingSubvocalization: Talking to yourself in your head as you read silentlyPhysical habits: Tapping foot, pencilDistractors: Watching TV, eating, interruptions, etc.Lack of reading practiceTHESE FACTORS REDUCE READING SPEED, COMPREHENSION AND RECALL
4WHAT FACTORS INCREASE READING RATE AND COMPREHENSION? Set yourself up to succeed – read in a quiet distraction free environmentDo not read on your bedRead actively: Set your purpose for reading and self-monitorIncrease your eye-span - ChunkingPRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE READING!!!
5AVERAGE READING RATESAdult – 250 WPM with 70% comprehension (Smith, 2005)College Student – 300 WPMSlow Readers – 150 WPM or less or 250 WPM with limited comprehension
7INCREASE EYE SPAN - CHUNKING Eye span is the number of words that you read at one timeChunking 2 words doubles rate, 3 words triples, 4 words quadruples…Increases comprehensionFocus is on how the words fit together to make meaning, rather than on each individual word in isolationPEN AS A PACER TECHNIQUEGoal – To increase the number of words within a chunk
8SPEED READING IS NOT MAGIC IT REQUIRES: The desire to improve your reading skillsThe willingness to try new techniques in readingThe motivation to practice reading
10TYPES OF READING Scanning – Telephone book, dictionary Skimming – Surveying, previewing, checking relevance of textLight Reading – Reading for leisure, novels, wpmWord by word – Scientific information, unfamiliar termsStudy Reading – SQ4R (Survey, Question, Read, Recite, Rite, Review) Goal: In depth comprehensionADJUST YOUR SPEED ACCORDING TO YOUR PURPOSE FOR READING AND THE DIFFICULTY OF THE TEXT
11Research Based Reading Study Method: SQ4R SURVEY – Skim title, subheadings, graphics, captions, boldface terms, first one to two paragraphs, summaryAs you skim, ask yourself, “What do I know about these topics?”Bring in your background knowledge and your prior experiencesTake no more than 5 minutes for an average chapter
12SQ4RQUESTION - Turn the first subheading into a question using how, why, what, when, where, who?This technique creates reading for a purpose – you are now seeking an answerImproves focus and concentration
13SQ4RREAD – Quickly and selectively-remember that you are searching for an answer to your questionRead only one section or a few paragraphs, depending on the difficulty of the textRECITE – Answer your question ALOUDIf you can’t say it, you don’t know it.
14SQ4R RITE – This is the note-taking step Writing the answer to your question and other relevant information doubles retentionCornell Method, Outline, Double and Triple Column Journal, Graphics, Post-it-NotesThis step creates an ongoing study guideREPEAT THE CYCLE: Question, Read, Recite, Rite as you read the next section of text. Repeat this cycle until you have completed the reading assignment or the chapter
16SQ4RREVIEW – When you have completed the reading assignment, following the Question, Read, Recite, and Rite cycle, survey again, answering your questions as you skimOne week later, review the information againReview each week until you are tested, creating a cumulative weekly reviewThis step transfers information from short-term memory to long-term memoryTake 5 minutes to Review
17ELIMINATE SUBVOCALIZATION The inner voice experienced as a slight movement in the tongue or throat regionSlows down reading to about 250 wpm, the speed of normal speechREMEDYDecrease eye fixation: Word-for-word reading
18References http://www.studyhall.com Rood, S. (2000). Improving Reading Speed and Comprehension. Longwood University.Smith, B. (2004). Breaking through college reading. 7E. NY: Longman.