Presentation on theme: "Chapter 6 Understanding: Reading & Studying. Increasing Understanding Read as much as you can! Think analytically Build vocabulary Look for order & meaning."— Presentation transcript:
Increasing Understanding Read as much as you can! Think analytically Build vocabulary Look for order & meaning Think positively
Set the stage for Reading Open minded May require extra work Own reference material
Choose the Right Setting Right location Right time Internal distractions
Build reading speed Skimming: – Rapid superficial reading of material that involves glancing through to determine central ideas and main elements.
Building Reading Speed Scanning – Reading material in an investigative way to search for specific information.
Breaking Poor Reading Habits Habit: Reading word by word Solution: – read a group of words at one time – Practice expanding the number of words that you read at a time
Habit: Sub-vocalization – pronouncing each word in your head as you read it Solution: – To turn off the voice in your head
Habit: Inefficient eye motion – Focus on each word – Don’t use peripheral vision Solution – Decrease eye movement – Use peripheral vision
Habit: Regression – Unnecessary re-reading Solution – DO NOT re-read material – Use a pencil or finger pointer
Habit: Poor Concentration – Too many external distractions Solution – Stop multi-tasking while reading
Habit: Approaching reading linearly Solution – Scan for important information – Skin the fluff
Keys to speed reading Practice, practice, practice Start with the easy stuff Use a pointer
Pick up the Pace Read in the morning Prioritize Skim for the main ideas Make a question before you start Find a good environment Don’t highlight
Pick up the Pace Pre-view Be flexible Take in phrases as opposed to single words Look for key words Use a pacer Avoid rereading
Pick up the Pace Don’t articulate words as you read Have your eyes checked
Expand your vocabulary Analyze word parts Use words in context Use a dictionary – Use the definition
“Atelectasis refers to the collapse of a lung or a portion of a lung.”
Collapse = To fall down or inward suddenly, ‘cave-in’ “Atelectasis refers to the cave in of a lung or a portion of a lung.”
SQ3R S = Survey Q = Question R = Read R = Recite R = Review
S = Survey Look over the whole chapter! – the title, headings, and subheadings – captions under pictures, charts, graphs or maps – Notice words that are in bold or italics – review questions or teacher-made study guides – introductory and concluding paragraphs – summary
Q = Question At every section heading, compose a one sentence question – Ask what, why, how, when, who and where questions
Ch. 31 Nursing Care of the Client: Respiratory System Assessment – Health History – Inspection – Palpation & Percussion – Auscultation Normal breath sounds Adventitious breath sounds
R = Read Read to find the answer to your question.
R = Recite Answer the question! – Write down the answer – 1 Short sentence – Use our own words – Say the answer out loud
R = Review Review your SQ3R’s immediately after finishing the chapter Review daily until you KNOW it Skim and reread notes Answer questions Quiz yourself
Make flash cards Review and summarize Think critically Discuss concepts
Highlighting Highlight after you’ve read the material once Highlight key terms and concepts Avoid over marking Write more than highlight
Divide reading Divide your reading into digestible segments
Critical Reading Diet The client with pneumonia is encouraged to force fluids, as doing so aids in the liquefaction of respiratory secretions. Small, frequent, nutritionally balanced meals are preferred.
Study Groups Positives: – Shared knowledge – Solidified knowledge – Increased motivation Negatives:
Effective participant Get involved Be organized Be willing to discuss Keep your word
Effective leader Define projects Assign work Set a schedule Set meeting and project agenda Focus progress Set the tone Evaluate results
Strategies for Group Success Choose a leader for each meeting Set Long-term and short term goals ID specific ways to work together Share the work Set a regular meeting schedule Create study material for each other
Don't feel you have to limit yourself to study only with your friends. Pick smart people who do homework if your goal is to improve your grades. Note which students in your class are diligent and productive. Ask two or three of those students to form a study group with you.