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Clean & Healthy Tribal Casino Workshop Grand Portage Lodge & Casino, MN September 19, 2012 Mary BauerCIH, CSP Compliance Assistance Specialist Eau Claire,

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Presentation on theme: "Clean & Healthy Tribal Casino Workshop Grand Portage Lodge & Casino, MN September 19, 2012 Mary BauerCIH, CSP Compliance Assistance Specialist Eau Claire,"— Presentation transcript:


2 Clean & Healthy Tribal Casino Workshop Grand Portage Lodge & Casino, MN September 19, 2012 Mary BauerCIH, CSP Compliance Assistance Specialist Eau Claire, WI 54701 715-832-9019

3 * Mary Bauer * 27 years w/ Federal OSHA in Eau Claire, WI * 20 Compliance Officer * 7 Compliance Assistance Specialist * IH/ Safety * CIH: Certified Industrial Hygienist * CSP: Certified Safety Professional * 1000 + Inspections

4 * OSHA’s Indoor Air Policy–Smoking * OSHA’s Jurisdiction * OSHA’s Inspection Process * Hot Topics * Resources

5  2009 WI Act 12  Where is indoor smoking allowed?  Private Residence  Retail tobacco store or tobacco bar  A room used as a residence by only one person in an assisted living facility or such a room in which all occupants have requested in writing to be allowed to smoke  Tribal casinos or facilities  Indoor smoking areas may not be established.  Businesses may establish outdoor smoking areas, as long as they are a reasonable distance from entrances


7 * OSHA Policy on Indoor Air Quality: Office Temperature/Humidity and Environmental Tobacco Smoke * Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) Because the organic material in tobacco doesn't burn completely, cigarette smoke contains more than 4,700 chemical compounds. Although OSHA has no regulation that addresses tobacco smoke as a whole, 29 CFR 1910.1000 Air contaminants, limits employee exposure to several of the main chemical components found in tobacco smoke. In normal situations, exposures would not exceed these permissible exposure limits (PELs), and, as a matter of prosecutorial discretion, OSHA will not apply the General Duty Clause to ETS. For further information to offer to employers/employees as guidance, you may wish to review a document published by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) about the health effects from environmental tobacco smoke, A Fact Sheet: Respiratory Health Effects of Passive Smoking. Additional information on indoor air quality in general can be found on the Indoor Air Quality Technical Links page on the OSHA website.29 CFR 1910.1000Indoor Air Quality Technical Links

8 * …as a matter of prosecutorial discretion, OSHA will not apply the General Duty Clause to ETS. * able=INTERPRETATIONS&p_id=24602 able=INTERPRETATIONS&p_id=24602 * February 24, 2003

9 * INDOOR AIR QUALITY INVESTIGATION SECTION III: CHAPTER 2 * Tobacco Smoke. Sources: Cigars, cigarettes, pipe tobacco. Acute health effects: Tobacco smoke can irritate the respiratory system and, in allergic or asthmatic persons, often results in eye and nasal irritation, coughing, wheezing, sneezing, headache, and related sinus problems. People who wear contact lenses often complain of burning, itching, and tearing eyes when exposed to cigarette smoke. 6 Tobacco smoke is a major contributor to indoor air quality problems. Tobacco smoke contains several hundred toxic substances including carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, formaldehyde, ammonia, benzene, benzo(a)pyrene, tars, and nicotine. Most indoor air particulates are due to tobacco smoke and are in the respirable range. 6

10 * The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air- Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) established recommended ventilation rates for indoor environments in 1973. 2 2 * ASHRAE amended this standard in 1975 to specify the minimum value of 5 cubic feet per minute (CFM) of outdoor air per person be used in building design. This standard has been incorporated into the building codes of many cities and states. 3 3 * The 62-1989 standard recommends a minimum of 15 CFM of outdoor air per person for offices (reception areas) and 20 CFM per person for general office space with a moderate amount of smoking. Sixty cubic feet per minute per person is recommended for smoking lounges with local mechanical exhaust ventilation and no air recirculation. 4 4 *

11 * Mold * Ozone * Money Counting Rooms * Lack of Ventilation


13 * (1) the general law touches exclusive rights of self-governance in purely intramural matters; * (2) the application of the general law to the tribe would abrogate rights guaranteed by Indian treaties or statutes; or * (3) there is proof by legislative history or some other means that Congress intended the general law not apply to Indians on their reservations.

14 * The business organization: * Fully integrated logging, sawmill, manufacturing * Owned and operated by the Tribe; operated on the Navajo Reservation * Managed by a board appointed by the tribal committee and council * Vast majority of employees were Navajo

15 * Holding: OSHA does not apply * Navajo Treaty expressly gave right to exclude non-Indians from reservation * OSHA’s right to require inspections would be inconsistent and jeopardize that treaty right

16 * The business organization: * Commercial farm, wholly owned and operated by Tribe on tribal land * Sold products on national market; significant number of non-Indian employees * “a normal commercial farming enterprise”

17 * Holding: OSHA applies * No treaty between Coeur d’Alene Tribe and the United States * No interference with tribal governance or “intramural matters” (e.g., tribal membership, politics, inheritance rules, domestic relations)

18 * The business organization: * Timber and wood products operation, owned and operated by the Tribe, located on the reservation * A management plan is established by the tribal council; nearly ½ of workforce is non-Indian

19 * Holding: OSHA applies * A treaty which grants a Tribe a general right to exclude non-Indian from the reservation does not defeat OSHA’s applicability. (OSHA’s inspection rights are limited.) Contrary to Navajo Forest Products * Following Coeur d’Alene, no demonstrable interference with tribal governance or intramural matters

20 * The business organization: * Wholly owned and operated construction business, with priorities and projects decided by tribal council * Many of employees were non-Indian * Projects included the Foxwood High Stakes Casino, located on the reservation

21 * Holding: OSHA applies * No treaty between the Tribe and United States * Ownership and direction of a business enterprise by a Tribe does not – by itself – make its operations an act of tribal governance * Here, the business’ activities are of a commercial and service character – not government * It is significant that non-Indians are employed, and the Foxwood Casino project plainly operates in interstate commerce, attracting outside tourists

22 * IF not exempted: * Tribal Land Operation * Federal OSHA * Contractors on Tribal Lands * Federal OSHA Has Jurisdiction * Private entities providing services * State Plan OSHA i.e. MNOSHA if in MN OR * Federal OSHA if Federal State such as WI

23 * nee-12-28-2009.htm nee-12-28-2009.htm * document?p_table=INTERPRETATIONS&p_id=22542 document?p_table=INTERPRETATIONS&p_id=22542 * 1000.html 1000.html

24 All private sector employers and their employees in the U.S. and its territories and jurisdictions Does not cover: The self-employed Immediate members of farming families with no outside workers Mine workers, certain truckers and transportation workers, atomic energy workers Public employees OSHA Coverage

25 Inspection Priorities Imminent danger Fatality and catastrophe accidents Employee complaints Referrals Planned or Targeted inspections Follow-up inspections

26 * Non-formal * Handled by “phone/fax” * Employer investigates and responds to OSHA * Formal * Signed * Inspection conducted

27 * Compliance * Safety and * Health * Officer * They are the federal employees who conduct OSHA inspections

28 * Presentation of Credentials * Opening Conference * Records Review * Program Review * Walk-around * Closing Conference

29 OSHA Citations Inform employers and employees of: Regulations and standards the employer allegedly violated Hazardous working conditions Proposed length of time set for abatement of hazards Any proposed penalties

30 Post Inspection May seek an informal conference or settlement prior to contest Contest must be done within 15 working days In writing to area office

31 Section 11(c) * Firing or laying off * Blacklisting * Demoting * Denying overtime or promotion * Disciplining * Denial of benefits * Failure to hire or rehire * Intimidation * Reassignment affecting future promotions * Reducing pay or hours Discrimination can include:


33 * Health Care * Drug Seekers * Alzheimer / Dementia Patients * Physiological Patients * Domestic Violence * Retail esp. Late Night * Schools, Churches * Anything w/ Money


35 New Publications Page On the Web


37 Everything is under control


39 * This information has been developed by an OSHA Compliance Assistance Specialist and is intended to assist employers, workers, and others as they strive to improve workplace health and safety. While we attempt to thoroughly address specific topics or hazards, it is not possible to include discussion of everything necessary to ensure a healthy and safe working environment in a presentation of this nature. Thus, this information must be understood as a tool for addressing workplace hazards, rather than an exhaustive statement of an employer’s legal obligations, which are defined by statute, regulations, and standards. Likewise, to the extent that this information references practices or procedures that may enhance health or safety, but which are not required by a statute, regulation, or standard, it cannot, and does not, create additional legal obligations. Finally, over time, OSHA may modify rules and interpretations in light of new technology, information, or circumstances; to keep apprised of such developments, or to review information on a wide range of occupational safety and health topics, you can visit OSHA’s website at

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