Introduction to OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
American Workplace Facts 6.9 Million Workplaces >105 Million Workers Note: Based on Bureau of Labor and Statistics
Injuries and Deaths >6, 000 workers die each year 5,700,000 workers are injured on the job each year(1999) 1,700,000 workers are disabled each year(1999) Permanent or temporary 1,000,000 restricted work (1999) Note: Based on Bureau of Labor and Statistics
Accident Triangle Lost workdays (3,000,000) Deaths (6,000) Recordables (6,000,000) First aid Not reported Near misses 500 x 1000 x ? x Note: Based on Bureau of Labor and Statistics (Approximate Numbers)
Workplace Injuries All industry-6.3 per 100 workers Health services-7.7 per 100 workers Hospitals-8.4 per 100 workers Nursing and Personal Care Facilities 13.8 per 100 workers Note: Based on Bureau of Labor and Statistics
PROVIDE A SAFE WORKPLACE OSH ACT 1970 GENERAL DUTY CLAUSE 5(a) GENERAL DUTY CLAUSE 5(b) Michigan Act 154 SECTION 11 SECTION 12
General Duty Clause 5(a) 5(a) Employer Responsibility - “(1) shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees”.
General Duty Clause 5(b) 5(b) Employee Responsibility- “(b) Each employee shall comply with occupational safety and health standards and all rules, regulations, and orders issued pursuant to this Act which are applicable to his own actions and conduct.”
Michigan Act 154 R408.1011 Section 11: An employer shall:...Furnish to each employee, employment and a place of employment which is free from recognized hazards that are... likely to cause…death or serious harm...
Michigan Act 154 408.1012 Section 12 An employee shall: Comply with (safety) rules and standards...
OSH ACT 1970 OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration NIOSH National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health OSHRC The Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission
OSH ACT 1970 OSHA Compliance (enforcement and education) NIOSH Research A division of the Center for Disease Control (CDC) OSHRC Appeals division
INSPECTONS Imminent danger Catastrophes and fatal accidents Employee complaints Programmed high hazard inspections Unprogrammed Follow-up
Imminent Danger IDLH (“A REASONABLE PERSON”) IMMEDIATLY DANGEROUS TO LIFE and HEALTH
Catastrophes and Fatal Accidents Must Report in 8 Hours 3 EMPLOYEES HOSPITALIZED FROM SAME ACCIDENT 1 FATALITY
Employee Complaints Make sure employee is still there Order of severity
Employee Complaints Michigan General Industry (Healthcare) General Industry Safety Division (MIOSHA) 517-322-1831 Construction Construction Safety Division (MIOSHA) 517-322-1856
Employee Complaints OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) http://www.osha.gov http://www.osha.gov The Workers’ Page or http://www.osha.gov/as/opa/worker/index.html http://www.osha.gov/as/opa/worker/index.html
Whistleblower Protection Section 11( c ) of the OSH Act of 1970 “Workers have the right to complain to OSHA and seek an OSHA inspection...” (without discrimination)
What are programmed high hazard inspections? Information Bureau of Labor Statistics Insurance companies (not so any more) Good data bases
What are follow-up inspections? Usually IDLH Failure to abate
OSHA 200 Log OSHA form to record injuries and illnesses Must be kept up-to-date Must be posted in your work area for the month of February
MIOSHA 300 Log (Michigan) The OSHA 200 log will be in effect to 12/31/2001. The OSHA 300 log will go into effect 01/01/2002. However, for the next year statistics from the 200 log will be used.
OSHA 200/300 Log Helps identify types of accidents Helps identify departments that are having accidents Helps identify employees that are having accidents By knowing this information, accidents can be reduced in numbers
Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Each day that regulations are passed by Congress, they are published in the Federal Register. Each rule is then placed in one of 50 Titles. Title 29 in LABOR
Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 29 CFR is all the rules for the “Department of Labor” Title 29 CFR 1910 contains all the rules for Labor in General Industry Healthcare is "General Industry" Healthcare must follow all federal and state rules and standards
MIOSHA Michigan Occupational Safety and Health Act
MIOSHA Act 154 of 1974 “state plan state” “state program” Usually referred to as OSHA
State Plans The OSH Act of 1970 allowed states “to assume responsibility for…occupational safety and health standards…” The stipulation was that they must “… be at least as effective...” as the federal government’s standards. There are (26) states or territories with state plans.
MIOSHA-OSHA Question Why would workers not want them to visit?
Michigan Michigan Department of Consumer and Industry Services has several sets of standards. Call MIOSHA Standards Division 517 322 1845 General Industry Standards Occupational Health Standards Construction Safety Standards ASK and they will help!
Contact Information Michigan contact information Included with the handout information is a contact card with all of Michigan's "Department of Labor" information. If you have a question about safety rules or standards, call! The operator will transfer you to the correct Department.