2Figurative LanguageDefinition: Language that communicates meaning beyond the literal meaning.Examples: simile, metaphor, extended metaphor, hyperbole, personification
3SimileDefinition: A figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things, using the word like or asExample: The woman looked like a dog.
4MetaphorDefinition: a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things that are basically unlike but have something in common.Example: Life is a journey.
5Extended MetaphorDefinition: A figure of speech that compares two essentially unlike things at some length and in several ways.Example: “All the world’s a stage,And all the men and women merely players”-William Shakespeare, As You Like It
6HyperboleDefinition: A figure of speech in which the truth is exaggerated for emphasis or humorous effectExample: I have told you all to do your homework a thousand times.
7PersonificationDefinition: Figure of speech in which human qualities are given to an object, animal, or idea.Example: The books whispered in the quiet room.
8SymbolDefinition: A person, place, object, or activity that stands for something beyond itself.Example: A dove is a symbol for peace.
9Connotation Definition: Attitude or feeling associated with a word Example: Enthusiastic-positive association; rowdy- negative association
10AlliterationDefinition: the repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of wordsExample: “Doubting, dreaming dreams no mortal ever dared to dream before”-Edgar Allan Poe, “The Raven”
11AssonanceDefinition: The repetition of vowel sounds with nonrhyming wordsExample: “Only their usual maneuvers, dear”-W.H. Auden, “O What Is That Sound”
12ConsonanceDefinition: The repetition of consonant sounds within and at the end of wordsExample: “lonely afternoon”“Mammals named Sam are clammy.”“Curse, bless me now! With fierce tears I prey.”
13Rhyme SchemeDefinition: A pattern of end rhymes in a poem. A rhyme scheme is noted by assigning a letter of the alphabet, beginning with a, to each line. Lines that rhyme are given the same letter.Example: “Two roads diverged in a yellow wood, aAnd sorry I could not travel both bAnd be one traveler, long I stood aAnd looked down one as far as I could aTo where it bent in the undergrowth” b-Robert Frost, “The Road Not Taken”
14RhythmDefinition: When words are arranged in such a way that they make a pattern or beat. A pattern of stressed or unstressed syllables in a line of poetry.Example: There once was a girl from ChicagoWho dyed her hair pink in the bathtubI’m making a pizza the size of the sun.Hint: hum the words instead of saying them.
15Iambic PentameterDefinition: A metrical pattern of five feet, or units, of each of which is made up of two syllables, the first unstressed and the second unstressed.Example: “My lips, two blushing pilgrims, ready stand”-William Shakespeare, Romeo and Juliet
16Blank VerseDefinition: Unrhymed poetry written in iambic pentameter
17Free VersePoetry that does not contain regular patterns of rhythm or rhyme
18HaikuDefinition: A form of Japanese poetry in which 17 syllables are arranged in three lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllablesExample: “Harvest moon—walking around the pondall night long.”-Basho
19Lyric PoetryDefinition: A short poem in which a single speaker expresses thoughts and feelingsExamples: Langston’s Hughes’ “Theme for English B” and Pat Mora’s “A Voice”
20Narrative PoetryDefinition: Poetry that tells a story or recounts eventsExample: “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe
21StanzaDefinition: A group of two or more lines that form a unit in a poem
22QuatrainDefinition: A four-line stanza, or group of lines, in poetry
23CoupletDefinition: A rhymed pair of lines that may be written in any rhythmic pattern
24“Across the Universe”Words are flowing out like endless rain into a paper cup They slither wildly as they slip away across the universe Pools of sorrow, waves of joy are drifting through my open mind Possessing and caressing me Jai Guru Deva OM Nothing's gonna change my world Nothing's gonna change my world Nothing's gonna change my world Nothing's gonna change my world Images of broken light which dance before me like a million eyes They call me on and on across the universe Thoughts meander like a restless wind inside a letter box They tumble blindly as they make their way across the universe Jai Guru Deva OM Nothing's gonna change my world Nothing's gonna change my world Nothing's gonna change my world Nothing's gonna change my world Sounds of laughter shades of live are ringing through my open ears Inciting and inviting me Limitless undying love which shines around me like a million suns It calls me on and on, across the universe Jai Guru Deva OM(With a partner, find and record at least 5 examples of figurative language.)