Presentation on theme: "Moving loads and COSHH. Pinch bar Use as a force multiplier."— Presentation transcript:
Moving loads and COSHH
Pinch bar Use as a force multiplier
Moving loads Other aids for moving loads are pallet trucks scissor lifts Rollers Skates
Forklift trucks and overhead cranes
Moving loads Lifting equipment has a Safe Working Load, Usually one fifth or one sixth of the breaking stress of the material used for lifting In the cases where there is a risk tio life the SWL could be one tenth of the breaking stress
Slings chain rope polyester
Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998 (PUWER) These Regulations, often abbreviated to PUWER, place duties on people and companies who own, operate or have control over work equipment. PUWER also places responsibilities on businesses and organisations whose employees use work equipment, whether owned by them or not. PUWER requires that equipment provided for use at work is: suitable for the intended use safe for use, maintained in a safe condition and inspected to ensure it is correctly installed and does not subsequently deteriorate used only by people who have received adequate information, instruction and training accompanied by suitable health and safety measures, such as protective devices and controls. These will normally include emergency stop devices, adequate means of isolation from sources of energy, clearly visible markings and warning devices used in accordance with specific requirements, for mobile work equipment and power presses
Lifting Operations and Lifting Equipment Regulations 1998 (LOLER) These Regulations (often abbreviated to LOLER) place duties on people and companies who own, operate or have control over lifting equipment. This includes all businesses and organisations whose employees use lifting equipment, whether owned by them or not. In most cases, lifting equipment is also work equipment so the Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations (PUWER) will also apply (including inspection and maintenance). All lifting operations involving lifting equipment must be properly planned by a competent person, appropriately supervised and carried out in a safe manner
COSHH Steps to making a COSHH assessment: Walk around your workplace. Where is there potential for exposure to substances that might be hazardous to health? Examples include processes that emit dust, fume, vapour, mist or gas; and skin contact with liquids, pastes and dusts. Substances with workplace exposure limits (WELs) are hazardous to health.
Storing flammable liquids When not in use, containers of flammable liquids needed for current work activities should be kept closed and stored in suitable cabinets or bins of fire-resisting construction and which are designed to retain spills (110% volume of the largest vessel normally stored in it). These should be located in designated areas that are where possible away from the immediate processing area and do not jeopardise the means of escape from the workroom/working area.
Storing chemicals Ensure that only trained workers have access to stored chemical products. Keep the storage container locked. Provide good washing facilities. Keep the store area well ventilated; 5-10 air changes per hour with a through draught. Keep a spill clean up kit nearby. Ask your supplier for advice
Storing chemicals Caution: Never decant concentrate into an unlabelled container. Never re-use a concentrate container. Dispose of it safely or return it to the supplier. Don’t store more than 50 litres of flammable liquid indoors. Use a flammables store.
Personal protective equipment (PPE) Follow the instructions on product labels. Ask your safety-clothing supplier to help you get the right PPE. You may need respiratory protective equipment (RPE) in case of a spill. Seek advice from your RPE supplier. Provide protective gloves - single-use nitrile gloves are acceptable. If you must use latex gloves, use only ‘low-protein, powder-free’ gloves. Throw away single-use gloves every time they are taken off.
Storing chemicals Keep apart: solid and liquid products; flammable and non-flammable liquids; acids and alkalis; and wastes. Store products containing chemicals securely in a cool, dry, dark place, capable of keeping in spills. Don’t store far more than you need.
Storing chemicals Store containers so their labels face forwards. Store heavier items and corrosive chemicals on lower shelves. Ensure that containers are easy to pour from, don’t dribble, and don’t trap liquid in a rim. Try to buy solid chemicals in tablet form, or in a wide-necked container such that it is easy to scoop out granules. Caution: Never store chemicals in open containers
Training and supervision Tell workers about the risks of using the product - see products labels or Section 15 of the safety data sheet. If products can cause skin or eye damage, plan how to give first aid. Working in the right way and using the controls correctly is important for exposure control. Train and supervise workers.
Oil storage If you use or store oil on your site, remember this simple advice. Site your storage tank within an oil tight bund wall on an impervious base. Make sure that valves and pipes are contained within the bund. Make sure that the bund has no drain which would allow oil to escape. Don t overfill your tank. Check the amount of oil already in the tank before receiving a delivery. Supervise all deliveries. Stop the delivery if there are any leaks or overflows. Clearly mark all pipework to show the type of oil and where it leads, and lock all valves and gauges securely after a delivery.
Oil storage If an oil spill occurs Try to stop the oil from entering any drains or watercourses using earth or sandbags to absorb it. Never hose it down. Any earth or absorbent contaminated with oil must not be disposed of as general waste. Contact your local registered Waste Contractor for advise on safe disposal.
Oil storage Oil can seep through soil and contaminate groundwater and therefore drinking water supplies. Over half (55%) of closures of drinking water abstractions occur because of oil contamination. This adds to the cost of water bills. The oil from one car oil-change is enough to contaminate 5 million litres of water and can cover a four-acre lake. It is estimated that more than 13,000 tonnes of waste oil is lost into the UK environment every year.
Oil storage CONTROL OF POLLUTION (OIL STORAGE) REGULATIONS 2001 These regulations came into force 01 March 2002 Purpose: To reduce incidents of oil related water pollution by: Setting design standard for all above-ground oil storage containers Installing of ?bund? or ?drip tray? Those affected: Anyone storing oil above ground in volumes greater than 200 litres on industrial, commercial and institutional premises except under the circumstances below
Oil storage Exceptions: a) if the oil is waste oil b) in any container situated in a building or wholly underground c) in any containers with a storage capacity of 200 litres of less d) on any premises used i)wholly or mainly as a private dwelling if the storage capacity of container is less than 3500 litres ii) for refining oil iii) for the onward distribution of oil e) on any farm if the oil is for use in connection with agriculture
Oil storage Note although it is not a requirement of these Regulations for storage tanks that are sited within a building to be bunded, the Environment Agency of Local Authority may still insist on containment measures.
Oil storage Those with custody or control of above-ground oil storage facilities must: Provide and maintain to minimum standard at all times: a secondary containment system ?bund? or ?drip tray? (for oil drums and mobile storage equipment) Prevent any leaks or spills onto or into the ground from an individual tank or other facilities by ensuring good tank design standards, including pipe-work.
Oil storage Oils Covered: Heating, lighting, power generation, vegetable, lubricating oils, petrol, diesel etc. Tank Location: At least 10 metres away from watercourse or drain. Avoid roof storage level Tank: Tested to recognised standards BS5799 Part 5 (steel tanks) and OFST100 (polyethylene tanks)
Oil storage Bund requirements: Minimum 750 mm between tank and bund wall Minimum 600 mm between tank and base Marked with product type and tank capacity Every part of the tank to be within the bund including: Valves, taps, filters, vent pipes, and the filling point An overfill warning device is recommended.
Oil storage Bund construction: Construction to include lining of material impermeable to the oil stored. Pipe-work should not pass through bund wall, unless:- Sealant around the pipe is resistant to attack Overall integrity is not compromised Bund should include rainwater sump and a system set up to regularly remove accumulated rainwater. This water should be considered contaminated and disposed of accordingly. There should be no outlet direct to drain, sewer or watercourse
Oil storage Bund Capacity: For single tanks - 110% of the total volume. For two or more tanks - 110% of the largest tank or 25% of the total capacity of all tanks (whichever is greater). (10% margin is intended to take into account a couple of factors, including loss of total contents due to vandalism, sudden tank failure or leaks, overfilling and allowance for rainwater, etc.)
Oil storage Drip trays for Drums and containers Must have a capacity of 25% of the total volume of containers i.e. 1 x 205 litre barrel ? drip tray of 51 litres capacity 4 x 205 litres ? drip tray of 205 litres capacity 1000 litre IBC ? drip tray of 250 litres
Oil storage Cost of Non-Compliance: Clean-up - £ 400 to £ 40,000 Environment Agency discretionary costs Prosecution and fines of up to £ 20,000 per incident
Storing welding and flammablegases oxygen and acetylene cylinders be stored at a minimum distance of 20 feet (6 m) or be separated by a non- combustible barrier of at least 5 feet high.
Storing adhesives We recommend storing as follows: Always wipe the tube threads clean before closing. Advance contents to tube neck. Cap securely. Place the capped adhesive in a sealed storage bag and store in a place that is cool and dry, such as the freezer. The cold, dry climate will slow down curing. When you are ready to use again, run the capped tube under warm water to thaw.