Presentation on theme: "Power given to the president is called?. Executive."— Presentation transcript:
Power given to the president is called?
Does an amendment to the Constitution need all of Congress and states’ approval?
No, 2/3 Congress and ¾ states’ legislatures
Which Article in the Constitution covers the Executive Branch?
How can a federal judge declare a state law unconstitutional?
Article VI, states the Constitution is the supreme law of the land so if a state law conflicts with federal law, federal law must prevail.
Does the Constitution give the Supreme Court the right to declare acts of Congress unconstitutional?
It is implied due to federal courts having final say over the Constitution and all federal laws, as well as power to order state and federal officials to comply with its rulings.----- Marbury v. Madison
How old must a candidate for president or vice president be?
35 years old
Who can be impeached, and in what court can they be tried?
Any officer of the federal government can be impeached for the high crimes and misdemeanors by a majority of the House, but is tried in the Senate. House has impeached 17 officials: 12 federal judges, one Supreme Court Justice, one senator, one cabinet member and two presidents, but the Senate has found only 7 guilty and removed them from office.
The term for President and vice president is?
If a state constitution does not allow its citizens to obtain divorces, must that state recognize divorces granted in other states?
Yes, under Article IV, “Full Faith and Credit”
Who elects the president and vice president from each state?
As commander in chief, the president has the authority to fund troops in combat?
No, only Congress can fund the military
Electors are appointed to cast votes for president and vice president are known as?
Number of members appointed to the Electoral College is determined by the number of what two things from each state?
Senators and Representatives
Why can’t the president veto part of a bill without rejecting all of it?
A president can return a bill with his objections to Congress and Congress can override the veto with a vote of 2/3 of both houses. In 1998 Clinton v. City of New York, the Supreme Court ruled that the line-item veto violated the Constitution’s requirement that bills be presented in their entirety for the president’s signature or veto.
What does natural born mean?
Born in the United States
Harry Nelson is a natural born citizen, has resided in the United States for the past 10 years and is 35 years old. Is he qualified to run for president?
No, he has not been a resident of the United States long enough
Must a president either sign or veto every bill sent from Congress?
No, the president can decide not to act on a bill, nether signing it nor formally vetoing it. If the president does not sign and return a bill within 10 days of receiving it (not counting Sundays), the bill becomes law. If Congress adjourns within 10 days after sending a bill to the president and the president does not sign it, a “pocket veto” happens and the bill is killed due to Congress being out of session and cannot vote to overturn the veto.
Sarah Kendall is 36 years old and has immigrated from Canada 10 years ago. She is living in New York and has been a citizen for 14 years. Is she eligible to run for president?
No, she must be a natural born citizen
Janice Rand is a natural born citizen and has lived in Arizona for 20 years. She is 34 years old and will be 35 in two weeks. The elections are a month away, is she eligible to run for president?
Yes, she will be 35 by the time of the election
The current salary for the President of the United States is?
$400,000 a year
Can a president make treaties with a foreign nation?
Yes, with the approval of the Senate
The action that a president performs that blocks legislation from passing is known as?
An agreement or understanding between the president and the leader of a foreign government that does not require approval by the Senate is known as?
Who prepares the federal budget?
The only president who has also been the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court?
William Howard Taft
True or False? The president does not have to deliver a State of the Union address in person.
True The Constitution only requires that the president give Congress information on the State of the Union from time to time. Presidents George Washington and John Adams delivered their State of the Union addresses in person, but Thomas Jefferson discontinued the practice and wrote a message to Congress. Woodrow Wilson revived the practice of delivering the message in person in 1913 and the rest have followed this example.
Name 4 powers of the president
Propose legislation Appoint federal official with approval of Senate, including Supreme Court justices Enforce federal laws Commander in Chief of Armed Forces Veto Issue pardons or reprieves Make treaties with foreign governments with approval of Senate Maintain federal budget and emergency funding Executive agreement between president and leader of foreign government Executive Power Clause Can call special session of Congress for national emergency Take Care Clause empowers president to enforce laws
Who was president during the building of the Panama Canal and hero of the Spanish American War?
Who are the only two presidents to be impeached?
Andrew Johnson and William J. Clinton
As commander in chief, does the president have the authority to fund troops in combat?
No, only Congress can authorize funding. The Constitution also authorizes Congress “to raise and support an army and navy.”
Did the United States formally declare war in Korea, Vietnam and Iraq?
No, a formal war has not been declared since 1943. Troops were sent to Korea to support U. S. efforts. President Johnson sent troops to Vietnam to repel an armed attack on military personnel stationed there. A congressional resolution authorized President Bush to send troops to Iraq.
The Act passed by Congress after the Vietnam War that requires Congressional approval of deployment of troops within 60 days.
War Powers Act
Why can’t the president veto part of a bill without rejecting it all?
Line item veto violates the Constitution and bills have to be presented in their entirety for the president’ signature or veto.
Does the president take the same oath of office as the senators and representatives in Congress?
No, Constitution provides exact words for the Office of President. The vice president and members of Congress and all other federal officials take an oath specified by Congress.
Must a president either sign or veto every bill sent from Congress?
No, the president can decide not to act on a bill, neither signing it nor formally vetoing it. If the president does not sign and return bill within 10 days of receiving it, the bill becomes law. If Congress adjourns, within 10 days after sending a bill to the president and the president does not sign it, a “pocket veto” occurs. Bill is killed because Congress is out of session and cannot vote to overturn the veto.
Can the vice president vote in the Senate?
Yes, to break a tie.
Who is the president that was elected for 4 terms of office?
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Who was the only president to resign?
Richard M. Nixon
How many Cabinet positions are in the Executive Branch?
The amendment that clarified that a person must choose whether to run for president or vice president so that the two offices are voted on separately.
12 th Amendment
The vice president is particularly involved in this to ensure that he/she is prepared to be president.
National Security Council, which advises president on foreign affairs
Amendment that requires president fill a vice presidential vacancies and that the vice president takes the president’s place when he/she can no longer hold office.
25 th Amendment
Amendment that sets the term limit for president to two terms of office.
22 nd Amendment
Name one president who has died in office.
8 have died in office: 8 have died in office: William Henry Harrison after one month in 1841 William Henry Harrison after one month in 1841 Zachary Taylor, 1850 Zachary Taylor, 1850 Abraham Lincoln assassinated 1865 Abraham Lincoln assassinated 1865 James A Garfield assassinated 1881 James A Garfield assassinated 1881 William McKinley assassinated 1901 William McKinley assassinated 1901 Warren Harding, 1923 Warren Harding, 1923 Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1945 Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1945 John F. Kennedy assassinated 1963 John F. Kennedy assassinated 1963
The name of the president’s plane.
Air Force One
How many justices made up the first U. S. Supreme Court?
Where did the phrase “packing the court” come from?
Attempt by Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1937 to increase the number of justices by trying to appoint 1 justice for every justice over 70. Senate reject the idea.
Determining if law or government action violates the Constitution.
The number of U. S. Court of Appeals.
13, called Circuit Courts
Number of Federal District Courts.
94, at least one in each state
The right of the Supreme Court to hear a case first and results are final.
Supreme Court reviews results of trial from a lower court.
Appellate Jurisdiction, Supreme Court cannot use this without consent of Congress
4 justices have to decide to hear a case
Rule of 4
Laws passed by lawmaking bodies are known as?
Rules that have been accepted as proper ways of doing something. They come from judges.
“Necessary and Proper”
Congress has implied powers Mcculloch v. Maryland
What do landmark cases do?
a. Announce new direction for the court b. Often controversial c. Ignites debate d. Breaks Precedent
Example of a landmark case and what did it do?
Marbury v. Madison McCulloch v. Maryland Dred Scott v. Sanford Plessy v. Ferguson Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka KS Miranda v. Arizona Bush v. Gore
Presides over justice conferences and spokesperson for the Supreme Court, also gives the Presidential Oath of Office.
Which articles cover the act of one state respecting the court decisions of another state
Article V covers?
The amendment process for the Constitution
Which article states that the Constitution is the supreme law of the land?
Ratification of the Constitution is covered under which article?
In the event of a tie, who determines the president? Vice president?
The House chooses the President The Senate chooses the Vice President