2What is the knee joint?The knee joint is made up of the articulation of the ____________ __________________. The femur however does not come in contact with the fibula, but the fibula interacts with the tibia.
3Type of JointThe knee joint was first thought to be a ____________________because it was believed to be responsible for only flexion and extensionHowever, the knee can rotate the leg medially and laterally to a small degreeTherefore, the knee is considered also to be a ___________________________joint which is a type of synovial joint
8MeniscusThe end of the femur is covered with articulating cartilage which rests at the end of the tibiaThere lie two thick fibrocartilage articular discs called the menisci (meniscus-singular):________________________________________________________They sit on the tibial condyles which are located on either side of the intercondylar eminence
9Intrinsic LigamentsThe knee joint has several ligaments which help attach the femur and tibia togetherThe two intrinsic ligaments which cross each other are called the _____________ligamentsThe _________ (anterior cruciate ligament) helps stop anterior movement of the tibia and the _____ (posterior cruciate ligament) helps to prevent posterior movement
11Extrinsic LigamentsThe knee joint is held together medially by the medial collateral ligament (_____) and laterally by the lateral collateral ligament (_____)These ligaments provide medial and lateral stability of the knee