1 Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear (CBRN) Defense COL(P) Stanley H. LillieCommandant, The United States ArmyChemical School
2 Agenda Chemical School Mission and Vision Support to GWOT Chemical Corps TransformationChemical Corps Support to SOCOMUSACMLS InitiativesQuestions
3 Chemical School Mission USACMLS trains the Army’s chemical soldiers; develops leaders; supports training in units; develops joint, multi-service, and Army doctrine; transforms the future Army chemical force; and is the Joint Combat Developer for the Joint Chemical Biological Defense Program
4 Chemical School Training CoursesJoint Senior Leader CourseMarine/Navy/AF NBC DefenseCoast Guard Strike Force TrainingInternational NBC Defense CoursesJoint and International TrainingSoldier Advanced Skills TrainingNBC Recon Course – L5Master FOX Scout Course – L1Bio Integrated Detection – L4Radiological Safety CourseOperational Radiation SafetySoldier TrainingWMD/ HLS TrainingCM/SOC Precommand CourseCaptains Career CourseOfficer Basic CourseNCO Advanced CourseNCO Basic CourseAdvanced Individual TrainingOne Station Unit TrainingCST (WMD) TrainingCivil Support Skills Course (CSSC)Installation Emergency RespondersInstallation Response Planner
5 The Chief of Chemical’s Vision An Army superbly equipped, trained and ready to fight and win unhindered by threatened or actual CBRN hazards.A Corps of professional soldiers, tactically and technically unsurpassed, imbued with the warrior ethos.A capability, both vital and relevant, for the combatant commander, the joint warfight and the defense of the homeland.My vision is for the Army to have the capability to operate and function completely unhindered by a threatened or real CBRN environment. This ability will allow the Combatant Commander to deploy and use his forces at 100% efficiency. To achieve this level of proficiency we must provide our fighting forces the training, equipment and expertise they require.A professional group of CBRN defense experts, unsurpassed tactically and technically, and imbued with the warriors ethos, is my vision for the soldiers who serve in the Chemical Corps. We must ensure that the Corps is manned by highly qualified soldiers who are also flexible enough to adapt to any situation in any operational environment.I visualize a Chemical Corps with capabilities that are both vital and relevant to the Combatant Commander and the Joint Warfight. To achieve that goal we must leverage all technology, leadership and training to provide the Combatant Commander with the right systems to be an effective and viable resource to the Joint Warfight.5
6 Support to the Global War on Terrorism U.S. Army Chemical School 455th Cm Bde2nd Cm Bn83rd Cm Bn450th Cm Bn468th Cm BnTechnical Escort Unit7th Cm Co11th Cm Co12th Cm Co21st Cm Co44th Cm Co46th Cm Co51st Cm Co68th Cm Co89th Cm Co92nd Cm Co181st Cm Co172nd Cm Co310th Cm CoU.S. Army Chemical School6
7 Chemical Corps Transformation Emerging Strategic EnvironmentProliferation of WMDThreat to Homeland SecurityReduced response times from crisis to conflictRequirement to conduct full spectrum opsEvolving International RealityTerrorists or Rogue States possessing WMDEvolving Conduct of WarAdaptive, creative enemiesPace and proliferation of new technologiesAggressive and hostile ideologies intent onharming U.S. interests
9 Chemical Detachment (Recon)(SF) Current DesignNBC OfficerO374A005POpns SGTE754B4PChem Op SpecE454B1PChem Op SpecE354B1PChem Op SpecE354B1PThe NBC recon team provides NBC recon support to a special forces unit. LB teams are allocated on the basis of one per special forces group. These units are assigned or attached to units organized into composite chemical combat support (CS) units. These CS units provide NBC recon support under diverse circumstances.The LB team also can provide NBC technical knowledge about the enemy's NBC personnel, materiel, techniques, and tactics. It can analyze and assist in the disposition of captured NBC intelligence and materiel. The LB team performs strategic NBC recon operations of theater requirements, using unconventional warfare techniques. It collects NBC intelligence and provides technical knowledge pertaining to the enemy's weapon capabilities, techniques, and disposition. The LB team is parachute qualified..The two current two active duty detachments are the 56th (supporting 5th SFG – Fort Campbell) and 112th (supporting 1st SFG – Fort Lewis)Three detachments are in the reserves that support 3rd, 7th,(Fort Bragg) 10th (Fort Carson) SFGTwo detachments are in the national guard that support the two the 19th, 20th SFG (NG)5 Space TOE (MIL)OFF WO ENL AGGChemical Detachment (Recon) (Special Forces): SRC: 03529LB00Mission: Provide NBC recon support to Special Forces unit. Provide NBC technical knowledge about the enemy’s NBC personnel, materiel, techniques, and tactics.One detachment per Special Forces Group5 Space TOE,(1 – 0 – 4 – 5)4
10 Chemical Detachment (Recon)(SF) NBC OfficerO374A005POperations SGTE754B4PChem Op SpecE454B1PChem Op SpecE354B1PChem Op SpecE354B1PCDRA005SE D2VE D3VJ5DET SGTE D5VJ5Chemical Detachment Alpha (CDA)1st FOB (SF Bn)2nd FOB (SF Bn)3rd FOB (SF Bn)E D4VJ5Chemical Detachments are doctrinally organized like SFODAs with autonomous split characteristics (E6 and E5 Split Team and E7 and E5 Split Team). Each detachment will provide NBC reconnaissance support to Special Forces unitsCurrently, seven chemical detachments are authorized. Two are active duty detachments, one is stationed at Fort Lewis to support 1st SFG and the other Fort Campbell to support 5th SFG (Three are in the Reserves and two in the National Guard). Under TAA-11 (Chemical Corps re-design), three additional active duty detachments will be activated to provide support to all active SFGs.SFODA – Special Forces Operational Detachment A (team)FOB – Forward Operating Base (SF TOC)J5 – Technical EscortV – Ranger Parachutist (Enlisted)5S – Ranger Parachutist (Officer)(If a Ranger Parachutist not available, a Parachutist would be acceptable)Chemical Detachment (Recon)(SF): SRC 03529LB00Mission: Provide NBC Reconnaissance Support to Special Forces units in the form of Technical Expertise about NBC systems and employment tactics, techniques and procedures. Augments SF Operations Detachments – Alpha (ODA) to perform special tasks involved with NBC material detection, collection, field identification, and sampling and packaging.14 Space TOE,(1 – 0 – 13 – 14)
11 USACMLS Initiatives CBRNE Center of Excellence Installation Protection Joint Inter-Agency CooperationJTF-6 TrainingCBRNE Command
12 CBRNE Center of Excellence First Responder Training FacilityChemical Defense Training FacilityBIDs Bunker / FOX DenFirst Responder Training Facility - The Homeland Security CBRN strategy encompasses existing Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Support Teams (WMD-CST), Antiterrorism/Force Protection instruction, revisions to current Army Chemical School instruction, and development of CBRN Installation Support Teams (CBRN-IST) and CBRN Regional Response Teams (CBRN-RRT). Five new training courses will be developed. One course (WMD-CST Emergency Detection & Assessment) will be revised. All courses will be reviewed or developed to maximize delivery of instruction away from Fort Leonard Wood (FLW) using distributed or distance learning methodologies. The CBRN-IST instruction will be tiered for equipment availability. This will ensure installations are covered now, and when new equipment is fielded.Chemical Defense Training Facility - DoD’s only Toxic Chemical Agent Training Facility. One of the only two authorized agent production sites in the United States. Only Chemical Agent Surety Site on a TRADOC Post. Unique operational design allows for training using the deliberate but controlled use of predetermined amounts of toxic nerve agents (GB and VX).BIDs Bunker / FOX Den – Training facilities that mirror the shelter/vehicle systems to give realism to training. After completion of training, an Additional Skill Identifier (ASI) is awarded.
13 Installation Protection Organized and EquippedIntegrated Sensor ArrayInformation ManagementFort to Port – Deployment Implications-Organized and Equipped - RRT's, Regional Response Teams, and other quick reaction teams, will be trained on and equipped with specialty equipment such as Level A and Level B Protective Ensembles, HAPSITE Mass Spectrometers, and various Toxic Industrial Chemical detectors and alarms. These teams will have to be able to respond to a virtually unlimited number of situations, including attacks using available Toxic Industrial Chemicals or Radiological Materials as well as improvised "homemade" biological weapons.-Integrated Sensor Array - A networked combination of Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Toxic Industrial Chemical detectors, both point and stand-off, providing information to an IOC/EOC. When combined with video coverage and meteorological information, this array will provide holistic situational awareness to installation staffs.-Information Management - Computerized systems are required to capture and analyze detection information. Detection information is combined with meteorological information and forecasting models to define the exact hazard. Decision support software will alert IOC personnel as to likely numbers and types of casualties, number of ambulance sorties required, and other critical planning information - ensuring a timely accurate and adequate response to any given situation.
14 CBRN Installation Protection Operational Concept GarrisonCdrFORSCOMWMDCSTCBRNISTRRTCBRNE Op Cmd(Proposed)StateGovernorO/OCombatantCdrsTOE UnitsThis illustrates the organizations that can respond to a CBRN incident on an installation. The Installation Support Team, an organic matrixed organization, provides the installation an immediate capability to respond to a CBRN event. It works for the Garrison Commander.The Regional Response Team or RRT, strategically stationed across CONUS, responds to a CBRN event on an installation to augment and reinforce an Installation Support Team. The Regional Response Team can also pre-position if threat indicators warrant. Currently, the CBRN RRTs will be FORSCOM assets that would become OPCON to a Garrison Commander upon deployment to an incident.The Weapons of Mass Destruction Civil Support Teams could respond as well if directed by the state governors or if federalized.An emerging organizational concept known as the CBRNE Operational Command includes the capability to respond to a CBRN incident at an installation.============================================NOTE:Current stationing plan for RRTs – Forts Lewis, Campbell, Bragg, Hood
15 Joint Inter-Agency Cooperation JTF-6: Provided CBRN MTT instruction to first responders and U.S. Border Patrol teamsCSSC Course for all Installation Support Teams / WMD CSTIn response to a request for CBRN instruction from JTF-6, the USACMLS is capable of providing Mobile Training Team (MTT) instruction geared toward first responders in civil law enforcement and U.S. Border Patrol teams under JTF-6 command. Training is conducted to National Fire Protection Association NFPA 472 standards for Awareness and Operations.JTF-6’s requested instruction fundamentally corresponds with several USACMLS CBRN areas of training conducted at Ft. Leonard Wood, Missouri under the Installation Emergency Response Training Course (IERTC).USACMLS MTT instruction is envisioned to encompass multiple iterations utilizing one (1) NCO Instructor/Writer five (5) training days with education focused on the following CBRN lesson topics: Laws & Regulations, Roles of the 1st Responder, Recognition and Identification, Basic Chemical Properties, Harm & Toxicology, Decontamination, Personal Protective Equipment, Monitoring, Mitigation Operations, Predicting the Course of Incidents, Incident Management/ Command Management System, and Special OperationsCSSC Courses/WMD CST Courses offered:WMD Installation Emergency Responder’s Course (1 week), WMD Installation Planner’s Course (1 week), WMD CST Emergency Assessment and Detection Course (3 weeks), Civil Support Skills Course (CSSC)(8 weeks…Pilot Sep-Oct 03)WMD Installation Emergency Responder’s Course, WMD Installation Planner’s Course, WMD CST Emergency Assessment and Detection Course Civil Support Skills Course
16 CBRNE Operational Command FORSCOM(ARNORTH/JFLCC)CBRNECommandHQX5252ndndODODCBRNEGroupGroup(EOD)(EOD)ARU-CM(OPCON)Force PoolReachlHHClITEU APGlITEU DPGRemediation & Analytical DirMission: The CBRNE Command integrates, coordinates, deploys and provides trained and ready forces, and is prepared to exercise command and control of full spectrum CBRNE operations to Joint and Army Force Commanders. Provides Army support to Civil Authorities for Homeland Defense. Maintains technical links with appropriate Joint, Federal, and State CBRNE assets, as well as research, development and technical communities to assure Army CBRNE response readiness. Provides or assists in the training and readiness oversight of CBRNE assets (Active, Guard and Reserve).Program SupportProvides trained and ready forcesC2 of full spectrum CBRNE OpnsSupport to Civil Authorities for HLSMaintain technical links with appropriateJoint, Federal, and State assetsTrain and maintain oversight of CBRNE assetslHHClColColHHClCoPlans/ OpnsMaterielJRTJRTJRTLabNRTNCRTNRTPBAAPGRTRT
19 CBRNE Operational Command Mission Statement (from O&O version 6.0) Mission: The CBRNE Command integrates, coordinates, deploys and provides trained and ready forces, and is prepared to exercise command and control of full spectrum CBRNE operations to Joint and Army Force Commanders. Provides Army support to Civil Authorities for Homeland Defense. Maintains technical links with appropriate Joint, Federal, and State CBRNE assets, as well as research, development and technical communities to assure Army CBRNE response readiness. Provides or assists in the training and readiness oversight of CBRNE assets (Active, Guard and Reserve).We will now do a quick review of the O&O Plan, design then cover the significant issues coming out of field staffing.The CBRNE mission statement is as shown. This was the statement coming out of FORSCOM mission analysis and modified to reflect the more inclusive nature of CBRNE as well as defined the TRO responsibility of this HQ for all ARMY CBRNE assets.