Unit 4: Arrival Considerations Safety/Risk Management
Unit Goal Upon completion of this unit, participants will be able to describe actions that should be taken on approach and arrival, as well as other considerations prior to beginning operations.
Unit Objectives Review initial approach and arrival actions by task force management personnel. Identify information the TF should provide and expect during the initial briefing with the IC/IMT. Review incident and task force planning processes and considerations. Discuss TF base of operations and forward equipment staging considerations.
Approach Considerations Fuel and other last minute needs Staging area for the TF Pre-identify those who will approach – TFL, PM, LM, Safety Officer, etc. DO NOT OVERWHELM THE ICP
Initial On-Scene Briefing Who Do We Talk To? Hopefully that is answered prior to arrival. IC IMT - Ops Section Chief or Rescue Branch Director
What You Should Provide Be prepared to explain TF capabilities Medical capability Identify support needs ○ Fuel ○ Toilet/hand wash facilities Provide TF contact information – cell, email, radio ○ TF 205 & 205A Check in personnel & equipment ○ TF 211, TF 218 Provide TF organizational structure ○ TF 203 Bring an attitude of cooperation and support, not one of arrogance!
What You Should Expect From Your Initial Briefing – ASK FOR!! Current and projected situation Estimated number of missing or unaccounted for Operational periods being used Incident objectives, priorities, and expectations Obtain a copy of the IAP if available Work assignment (s) Maps Floor Plans
ICS structure and reporting requirements Meetings you are required to attend Contact Information – cell, radio, email Other SAR resources assigned and requested Potential locations for the BoO Facilities or resources already established EMS Haz Mat Animal Control Heavy Equipment requested or on scene
Current weather information Forecast Safe areas or shelters identified? Security/Safety Concerns Perimeter established and controlled? Constraints, limitations, and sensitivities (political, cultural, and environmental) Status of utilities
This information will: Build on the situational awareness you began to develop from the time you were activated Provide the information needed for your initial on-scene task force briefing Allow you to make initial assignments while you begin the planning process.
Task Force Briefings May be attended by managers/squad officers only, or could be the whole task force. TFL briefs on tactical assignments – will usually be verbal but may include hand- written 204s. Distribute copies of maps or other necessary documents. This is another opportunity to reinforce the importance of safety!
Integrating into the Incident Consider: ○ Operational periods, work/rest cycles ○ Initial Attack Blitz 50/50 ○ Use of local responders ○ Working with/for FEMA USAR or other SAR resources already in place ○ Handouts for IC/IMT and responders USAR Marking Systems SAR Markings & Emergency Signals
Formal Planning Documents Incident Action Plan (Not likely available) Tactical Action Plan Developed by the task force for their operations Outlines the tactical operations to meet the objectives identified in the IAP or by the IC.
TFL Role in IC/IMT Meetings OSC or designee makes assignments - get a clear understanding of those assignments You provide subject matter expertise It may not be logical or feasible for TF management personnel to attend meetings at the ICP IC/IMT will determine your reporting requirements
Tactical Action Plan (TAP) Cover Page TF 202 – Incident Objectives TF 203 – Organization Assignment List ○ TF 203M ○ TF 203S TF 205 – Communications Plan TF 206 – Medical Plan TF 208 – Safety Message Incident charts, maps, BoO layout, and other supporting documents/plans
Site Selection Considerations Size? - Depends on your footprint. Should lay out and diagram at home considering: Vehicles Tents Command Units Topography? Proximity to worksite? Vehicle access/parking? Noise?
Site Selection Considerations (cont) Property ownership? Public is best Environmental concerns Utilities? Proximity to logistical facilities? Communications capabilities?
Space Allocation Considerations TF Control Center Meetings/Briefings Communications Equipment Cache Medical/Rehab Food Prep/Service Base of Operations Overview Document Supplies Sleeping Area Canine Area Personal Hygiene Area Lighting/Generators
Task Force Control Center - TFCC Focal point for TF Command & Control Location for all TF management activities Radio Designation – TF Control Clearly identified Should be staffed whenever the TF is operational
Consider the Need for a Forward Equipment Staging Area BoO is a considerable distance from the worksite Equipment or site is shared Decon of equipment is needed
Unit Goal Upon completion of this unit, participants will understand the role and responsibilities of the Safety Officer and review methods for assessing and managing risk during task force operations.
Unit Objectives Review the functions and responsibilities of the task force safety officer. Discuss risk management issues related to task force operations. Review environmental, health and operational risk factors. Review the forms that are used by the task force safety officer.
TF Safety Officer Reports directly to the TFL. Oversees all safety aspects for the task force from mobilization until return home Coordinates efforts with the Incident Safety Officer Conducts safety briefings Completes required forms TF208 and ICS215A
Considerations for the TF Safety Officer Considerations: New or unfamiliar surroundings and operations for task force members New or unfamiliar tools Security issues Looters Value of Equipment Cache Operational experience of team members Common sense
The Safety Officer must: Provide proactive leadership Set the tone for a positive safety culture Maintain compliance with safety procedures Focus on safety throughout the mission Set a good example Ensure accident/injury investigations are conducted and reports are submitted Share the responsibility for safety with EVERYONE
Site Management and Coordination One Person in Charge Plan of Action Developed Prior to Starting Operations Briefing to address Tactics and Safety Issues
Site Management and Coordination (cont) Consider Medical Treatment Area Rest / Rehab Area Security Concerns Safe Zones / Areas
Other Considerations Non-TF Resources and Liaison Integration between Search and Rescue Activities Below Grade Ops Rapid intervention Teams
Animal Rescue Post-Katrina Reform Act Safety First (PPE) Equipment Warning Signs of Aggression – Animal Control Officer
Risks in the Disaster Environment Damaged Infrastructure Unfamiliar Surroundings Weather ○ Lightning ○ Wind ○ Tornadoes Earthquake Aftershocks Vibrations and Settling Travel – Either way Base of Operations Loading/Unloading
Safety Briefings Are Important! We do a good job before we go to work but don’t overlook: ○ Activities at the POD ○ Setting up or tearing down the BoO ○ Loading and unloading trucks and equipment Provide Ongoing Monitoring of TF Health and Welfare