Unit 6: Search Strategy & Tactical Considerations Rescue Operations
Unit Goal Recognize the differences between various search strategies and tactics and understand how to create a map of the incident to assist in coordinating search efforts
Unit Objectives Understand recon and initial size-up Conduct building identification Define rapid/hasty search, primary search, and secondary search Describe the physical search techniques of hailing, line/grid searches, and systematic searches Understand the difference in canines utilized for searches
Unit Objectives Cont’d Understand the use various listening and viewing devices available for technical searches Create maps to assist in search operations Download waypoints and tracks from a GPS unit
Deploying Task Force Resources Initial Recon Used to Establish Immediate Needs Provides Information for OSC/IC Rapid Look and Establish Priorities Low Profile Recon Team Structure ○ 2-4 members ○ May include Structures Specialist and HM Specialist
Deploying Task Force Resources Cont’d Recon Strategy Includes OSC Objectives Develop Sketches Prioritize Target Buildings Integrate Into the Local Operations
Deploying Task Force Resources Cont’d Recon Considerations Is structure triage needed, or have others established initial priorities? How many buildings have been assigned to the task force? Does reconnaissance need to be carried out at one or more locations?
Deploying Task Force Resources Cont’d How remote are the buildings assigned to the task force? Is there specific information from co- workers, friends, family, or others regarding the possible numbers of unaccounted for victims/survivors?
Deploying Task Force Resources Cont’d Initial Size-Up May be Done Prior to US&R Arrival May Need Validation ID Buildings by GPS Coordinates and Addresses
Deploying Task Force Resources Cont’d Structure Triage Building Triage (if required) Structure/Hazards Evaluation and Marking Risk Assessment Initial US&R With Search and Rescue Marking Identification of Individual Building(s) Addresses
Building Identification 500 600 Block Alpha Street 700 606604 608 610602601603605 607 609
Building Identification Cont’d 600 700 Block Alpha Street 800 701 706
Building Identification Cont’d 600 700 Block Alpha Street 800 701 706 702 704 708 710 703 705 707 709
Building Identification Cont’d 800 900 Block Alpha Street 1000
Building Identification Cont’d 800 900 Block Alpha Street 1000 900 902 904 906 908 901 903 905 907 909
Building Identification Cont’d If more than 4 sides, use more letters Quadrant B Quadrant AQuadrant D Quadrant C E Side A - Front Side C - Rear Side BSide D 700 Block Alpha Street
Column Grid Layout Use existing column grid - If Known 700 Block Alpha Street 4 3 2 1 A GBCDEF
Search Definitions Reconnaissance (Recon) Used to Influence Immediate and Future SAR efforts Provides Information to the IC/OSC Helps Prioritize Search Areas Helps With Resource Allocation
Search Definitions Cont’d Rapid / Hasty Search Targets High Probability Areas Quick Sweep to Find Survivors Help Determine Scope and Magnitude Typically Use Hailing Method Should be Completed in 24 hours
Search Definitions Cont’d Primary Search Conducted by Surface SAR Responders Circumnavigation of Structure Looking in Doors and Windows Entry With Evidence of Live Survivors Completed Within 48 hours
Search Definitions Cont’d Secondary Search Follows Primary Search Forced Entry Based on Rules of Engagement Systematic Search of Enclosed Structures and Every Room May Require Delayering of All Material
Search Strategies Search Phases Phase One: Assessment of the collapse area Phase Two: Removal of all surface victims as quickly and safely as possible Phase Three: Search and rescue of victims from accessible void spaces Phase Four: Selected debris removal to locate and rescue victims Phase Five: General debris removal. Usually conducted after all known victims have been removed.
Geospatial Resources Available County Specific Atlases with USNG Local GIS services PI/GI
PI/GI Kansas Adjutant General’s Department Respond with IMT GIS capabilities Printing, weather updates, and internet
Unit Goal Review strategic and tactical considerations for rescue operations.
Unit Objectives Review the advantages of identifying and implementing a sound strategy for rescue operations. Identify rescue team composition and equipment considerations. Discuss considerations for safe and effective operations on the rescue site. Review issues related to animal rescue.
Rescue Strategy Developing a sound rescue strategy provides for: Effective Management and Coordination of Rescue Operations Resource integration among Task Force Disciplines (for example, Search, Medical, HAZMAT, and Structures Specialists) into the Rescue Operations Increased Safety of All Personnel Organized and Simultaneous, Multiple-site Rescue Operations
Rescue Team Composition Rescue Team Manager Rescue Squads - Can be Reconfigured by TFL/RTM to meet objectives May Integrate Local Rescue Personnel or Other ESF-9 Personnel (SUSAR, KSNG)
Equipment Cache Management May Require Forward Equipment Staging Equipment Based on Work Requirements Should be Addressed Before Commencing Operations Requires Appropriate Sharing of Limited Tools and Equipment
Site Management and Coordination One Person in Charge Action Plan Developed Prior to Start Briefing Including Tactics and Safety Issues
Site Management and Coordination (cont) Consider Medical Treatment Area Rest / Rehab Area Security Concerns Safe Zones / Areas
Other Considerations Non-TF Resources and Liaison Integration With Search Activities Below Grade Ops Rapid intervention Teams
Animal Rescue Post-Katrina Reform Act Safety First (PPE) Equipment Warning Signs of Aggression – Animal Control Officer Tracking and Accountability