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South African Veterinary Foundation Suid-Afrikaanse Veterinêre Stigting presents Canine Hip Dysplasia.

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Presentation on theme: "South African Veterinary Foundation Suid-Afrikaanse Veterinêre Stigting presents Canine Hip Dysplasia."— Presentation transcript:

1 South African Veterinary Foundation Suid-Afrikaanse Veterinêre Stigting presents Canine Hip Dysplasia

2 Mandate SA Veterinary Foundation Promoting an informed public To promote and advance veterinary and related biological sciences in all their aspects. This includes supporting veterinary research at all levels, to fund bursaries and loans for veterinary studies and to invest and administer various financial portfolios in order to promote the knowledge, image and status of the Veterinary and Paraveterinary Professions and practice within Southern Africa resulting in improved quality of life for animals and humans.

3 Hip dysplasia - what is this disease ? Promoting an informed public Abnormal development of hip – not present at birth! Very common orthopaedic disease of dogs Polygenic multifactorial in origin which is why it is difficult to eradicate hip dysplasia by selective breeding Heritability 0.2 to 0.6

4 Hip dysplasia - what is this disease ? Promoting an informed public Hip dysplasia results in Increased hip laxity leading to subluxation (loose hips) Later develops arthritis

5 Promoting an informed public Hip dysplasia Normal hips Dysplastic hips

6 Promoting an informed public Hip dysplasia Severely Normal hips dysplastic hips

7 Promoting an informed public Hip dysplasia - clinical signs May be radiologically abnormal but show no clinical signs Gait abnormalities Weakness in the hind quarters Arthritis may be crippling in old age

8 Promoting an informed public Hip dysplasia – diagnosis Clinical examination by your vet Radiographs (x-rays) –These have to be accurately positioned –Anaesthesia or heavy sedation is thus required. –Usually take extended and flexed hip views

9 Promoting an informed public Hip dysplasia Extended view Flexed view

10 Promoting an informed public Hip dysplasia – radiographs Look for Subluxation changes – loose hips

11 Promoting an informed public Hip dysplasia Normal hip Loose hip

12 Promoting an informed public Hip dysplasia – radiographs Look for Degenerative changes – arthritis

13 Promoting an informed public Hip dysplasia Normal hip Arthritic hip

14 Promoting an informed public Hip dysplasia – breeding Dogs should be certified free of hip dysplasia before breeding with them Take dog to your vet Take registration papers with

15 Promoting an informed public Hip dysplasia – breeding Your dog needs to be positively identified with a microchip or tattoo number You will have to sign a declaration form

16 Promoting an informed public Hip dysplasia – declaration form KUSA SAVA FCI South African Veterinary Association and Kennel Union of South Africa Hip and Elbow Dysplasia scheme Application for hip and/or elbow dysplasia certification Owners declaration Registered name of cat/dog BreedSex Date of birth NB Copy of registration certificate to be attached to application Name of ownerTel Address I declare that: 1the particulars stated above are correct and are of the dog submitted today for radiographic examination 2the dog has not been previously radiographed for certification 3the dog has not had surgery for hip or elbow dysplasia 4I understand that the radiographs are the property of the veterinarian making them and will be retained by him for 3 years 5 I understand that the results may be forwarded to the relevant breed society who may place the gradings on a pedigree or registration certificate 6I understand that results may be used anonymously for research purposes Owner’s signatureDate

17 Promoting an informed public Hip dysplasia – breeding The vet will send the radiographs (x-rays) to a veterinary radiologist He/she will then issue a hip dysplasia certificate with the dog’s hip grading

18 Promoting an informed public Hip dysplasia – certificate KUSA SAVA FCI International Hip Dysplasia Certificate Certificate no. X1561 NAME: BEAUTIFUL DOG OF PRETORIA BREED : RHODESIAN RIDGEBACK SEX : DOG REGISTRATION NUMBER: BY MICROCHIP NUMBER: DATE OF BIRTH : 2006:11:25 DATE OF RADIOGRAPHS: 2009:08:14 OWNER: MR DOG BREEDER P O BOX TOWN 1234 CLASSIFICATION Left sideA1 Right sideA2 The above radiographs have been evaluated by the undersigned official scrutineer according to the guidelines of the Federation Cynologique Internationale

19 Promoting an informed public Hip dysplasia Grading according to FCI system FCI GradeDescriptionOld RSA Grade A1Excellent hips 0 A2Good hips0 B1Fair hips0 B2Marginal dysplasia1 C1Mild dysplasia1 C2Mild to moderate dysplasia1 D1Moderate dysplasia2 D2Moderate to severe dysplasia2 E1Severe dysplasia 3 E2Very severe dysplasia 4

20 Promoting an informed public Hip dysplasia FCI grading D2 A2

21 Promoting an informed public Hip dysplasia – treatment Discuss with your vet Mild cases get medical management Severe cases require surgery which may be very expensive

22 Promoting an informed public Hip dysplasia - conclusion Buy puppies from hip dysplasia free parents Ensure you only breed with dogs free of hip dysplasia Have radiographs (x-rays) taken before breeding

23 This presentation is proudly brought to you by the SAVF in order to promote an informed public Support us Give a donation or remember us in your will


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