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Dr. Norman Ackerman served the University of Florida, College of Veterinary Medicine with distinction as Professor of Radiology from 1979 to 1994. A concerned.

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Presentation on theme: "Dr. Norman Ackerman served the University of Florida, College of Veterinary Medicine with distinction as Professor of Radiology from 1979 to 1994. A concerned."— Presentation transcript:

1 Dr. Norman Ackerman served the University of Florida, College of Veterinary Medicine with distinction as Professor of Radiology from 1979 to A concerned teacher of veterinary students and residents of all disciplines, Dr. Ackerman also reached the veterinary scientific community through his writing. His numerous clinically pertinent publications are still today a vital part of the veterinary literature; therefore, it is appropriate this site perpetuates Dr Ackerman’s dedication to teaching. This site is presented in recognition of Dr. Norman Ackerman and his contributions to the field of veterinary diagnostic imaging. Sponsorship of the display supports the Dr. Norman Ackerman Memorial Fund, dedicated to the teaching of diagnostic imaging residents at the University of Florida College of Veterinary Medicine. Next slide

2  SAM  9 year old MN Mixed Breed Dog Next Slide

3 Signalment  Sam presents to your clinic with a acute history of cough and exercise intolerance  On physical examination, you hear crackling lung sounds cranially, on the right side  You order thoracic radiographs Next Slide

4 Previous Slide

5 Next Slide Previous Slide

6 Next Slide Previous Slide

7 Based on your assessment of the radiographs, the thoracic body wall is: A. Normal Normal B. Abnormal Abnormal Previous Slide

8 Correct! There are no abnormalities associated with the thoracic wall. Next Slide

9 Sorry! The thoracic body wall, including the extrathoracic structures, are within normal limits Click here to proceed to the next question

10 Based on your assessment of the radiographs, the pleural space is: A. Normal Normal B. Abnormal Abnormal

11 Correct! There are no abnormalities associated with the pleural space. Next Slide

12 Sorry! The pleural space is normal Click here to proceed to the next question

13 Based on your evaluation, the cardiac silhouette is: A. Normal Normal B. Abnormal Abnormal

14 Sorry, Try Again The cardiac silhouette is within normal limits. Click here Click here to continue

15 Correct! There are no abnormalities associated with the cardiac silhouette Next slide

16 Based on your assessment of the radiographs, the lungs, including the vessels, are: A. Normal Normal B. Abnormal Abnormal

17 Sorry!  There is an abnormality associated with the lungs. Continue

18 Correct! There is an area of increased soft tissue opacity mainly on the ventral aspect of the right cranial lung lobe. Based on your assessment, which pulmonary pattern is predominant within that lobe? A. Bronchial Bronchial B. Alveolar Alveolar C. Vascular Vascular D. Unstrutured Interstitial Unstrutured Interstitial

19 Sorry! Indefinition of the pulmonary vessels, air bronchograms, lobar sign, and (in this case, discrete) border effacement of the lobar opacification with the cardiac silhouette are not characteristics of this pulmonary pattern Previous Slide

20 Correct! This is an example of an alveolar pulmonary pattern. Some of the features of this pattern include: Indefinition of the pulmonary vessels, air bronchograms, lobar sign, and (in this case, discrete) border effacement of the lobar opacification with the cardiac silhouette. Remember: It does not have to have all these features to be considered an alveolar pattern! Continue

21 21 IV AB BE AB=air bronchogram IV=indefinition of vessels BE=border effacement on the cardiac silhouette LS=lobar sign LS Continue Previous Slide

22 Conclusion Your findings now include: increased soft tissue pulmonary opacity within the right cranial lung lobe, with presence of indefinition of the pulmonary vessels, air bronchograms, lobar sign, and (in this case, discrete) border effacement of the lobar opacification with the cardiac silhouette. This represents an alveolar pulmonary pattern, which, in this case, is mainly ventral. click next.click next

23 23 Conclusion  What is top differential diagnosis?  Cardiogenic pulmonary edema Cardiogenic pulmonary edema  Aspiration pneumonia Aspiration pneumonia  Recumbence atelectasia Recumbence atelectasia

24 24 Sorry!  Usually cardiogenic edema has a caudodorsal distribution within the lung parenquima of dogs  Although we cannot totally ruled out cardiac disease just using radiographs, the cardiac silhouette is within normal limits in this case. One more try!

25 25 Sorry!  In addition to the soft tissue opacification within the lungs, in cases of atelectasis, usually is observed a decreased volume of the affected lung lobe, and sometimes ipsilateral mediastinal shift (MS). In Sam’s case, the volume of the right cranial lung lobe is normal (not decreased). MS One more try!

26 26 Correct!  Aspiration pneumonias are usually ventral, due to gravitational forces.  This also goes along with the acute clinical signs. Next

27 27 Some causes of Aspiration Pneumonia (Dennis, Kirberger, Barr, Wrigley: Handbook of Small Animal Radiology and Ultrasound, 2nd ed., 2010) :  Regurgitation and vomiting, especially if esophageal dilation is present;  Iatrogenic aspiration: force feeding, medication, anesthesia and oral administration of contrast medium;  Swallowing disorders;  Weakness and debilitation;  Cleft palate;  Tracheo-esophageal or broncho-esophageal fistula. Return to the beginning Return to the webpage


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