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D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE The Evolution of Cyberspace New Horizons Symposium 28 Feb 2012 Brig Gen Marty Whelan Director of Requirements.

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Presentation on theme: "D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE The Evolution of Cyberspace New Horizons Symposium 28 Feb 2012 Brig Gen Marty Whelan Director of Requirements."— Presentation transcript:

1 D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE The Evolution of Cyberspace New Horizons Symposium 28 Feb 2012 Brig Gen Marty Whelan Director of Requirements AFSPC/A5 DISTRIBUTION A: Approved for public release; distribution unlimited 1

2 2 D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE COMMUNICATIONS MISSILE WARNING WEATHER SPACE ACCESS SPACE SURVEILLANCE INTEL, SURVEILLANCE & RECONNAISSANCE Space and Cyberspace capabilities enable the American way of warfare MISSILE DEFENSE Today’s Warfighter Depends on Space and Cyberspace NAVIGATION 2

3 3 D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE Irregular Warfare Enable distributed operations Orchestrate and synchronize multiple actions Enable persistent surveillance Global Assessment Monitor and revisit deep, denied areas Provide immediate warning Enable data fusion Regular Warfare Find, prosecute targets Distribute data, intent and link forces Enable C2 Assess results Crisis Management Provide national C2 under stress Enable search, rescue, mobility Allow “sharable” situational awareness GPS WGS DMSP SBIRS DSP Assured Access Computer Systems Networks Space & Cyber in Joint Operations See the Battlefield with Clarity Communicate with Certainty Navigate with Accuracy Strike with Precision Operate with Assurance Acquire with Agility 3

4 4 D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE Air Force Space Command What We Do Space Space Provide Joint warfighting space capabilities Provide Joint warfighting space capabilities Acquire space systems Acquire space systems Provide assured access to space Provide assured access to space Assured capabilities across the spectrum Assured capabilities across the spectrum Cyberspace Cyberspace Present full spectrum capabilities for the Joint warfighter in, through and from cyberspace Present full spectrum capabilities for the Joint warfighter in, through and from cyberspace Extend, operate and defend the AF portion of the DoD Network Extend, operate and defend the AF portion of the DoD Network Establish requirements for future cyberspace systems/capabilities Establish requirements for future cyberspace systems/capabilities Assured capabilities across the spectrum Assured capabilities across the spectrum 4

5 5 D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE Space and Cyberspace: The Reality 5 Growing Demand Growing Threats Resource Constrained Environment

6 6 D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE 6 Growing Demand Growing Threats Resource Constraind Environment SINE Operational View: The Future

7 7 D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE 7 How do we reach the future Innovate: deliver resilient, cost-effective capabilities to the warfighter Evolve: requirements/acquisition processes Fund: must identify and fund the true needs FOUO 7 AFSPC/CC Priorities Support the Joint Fight Control Acquisition Costs Operationalize/normalize cyberspace

8 8 D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE Connection The innovator: industry, academia, or our own come up with the good ideas “Ideas” go through HQ AFSPC Innovation Forum AFSPC Entry point is Livelink Innovation Webpage Competency Technical experts vet possibilities Staff work with idea generator Champion Periodic Senior Forum established to review “ideas” Senior-level advocacy then assignment to Center/lab Follows Public Law/DoD 5000 series processes but with better input 8 Innovation: Competency, Connection, Champion FOUO 8 Game Changing Ideas will get here differently then operate the same

9 9 D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE Evolving Requirements & Acquisition Process DoD and AF are working to determine best method for cyber acquisitions… … while staying up to date on current/future technologies. Warfighter Requirement s 9

10 10 D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE Funding Impacts President’s direction to cut ~$487B over 10 years Ongoing debt ceiling negotiations likely to drive further funding reductions across DoD AFSPC will continue to support the Core Function Master Plan strategy: Ensure continuity of critical capabilities in support of national and joint requirements Modernize or improve cyberspace and space capabilities using technically feasible and fiscally sound strategies Leverage partnerships or rely on commercial capabilities when beneficial to DoD 10

11 11 D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE 11 Mission Area Innovation Opportunities Unique challenges facing each mission area Rate of technological change Rapid development/deployment Cross mission collaboration/data fusion tools Shrinking budgets Key opportunities for industry partners NextGen technical solutions Transition from “tools” to “capabilities” Capabilities that are interoperable FOUO 11

12 12 D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE Cyber Infrastructure Challenges and Opportunities Challenges Standardization to a single AFNet Capable and sustainable enterprise solutions Rapid acquisition processes Continued DOD Budget cuts, efficiency demands Contracting process to purchase IT equipment Industry Opportunities Effective Asset Management Innovative, interoperable enterprise solutions Unified Communications Lessons learned Efficiency gains Data Center Consolidation Lessons learned “Green” data center implementations Rapid network monitoring and management across compliant and non-compliant systems 12

13 13 D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE Cyber Operations Challenges and Opportunities Challenges Assured information protection Legacy capabilities oriented toward detection vice prevention Timely awareness/characterization of potential threats DoD acquisition processes, while improved, are still slow to need Increase operational cost to attacker while lowering the benefit Industry Opportunities Develop hardened/defensible/reliable AF networks leveraging current technologies, architectures and resources Provide proactive capabilities to actively prevent cyber threats Fuse cyber data to create actionable information and assure AF missions Leverage existing/future Cyber Acquisitions process to deliver best value 13

14 14 D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE Cyber Warfare Challenges and Opportunities Challenges Funding Growing mission area vs. shrinking budgets (i.e., Budget Control Act) Qualification Training Demand increasing faster than throughput Intel support to cyber program development Normalize cyber intelligence requirements and prioritize support Industry Opportunities Cyberspace domain continues to change at “light speed” Must be able to keep up with new technology Transition of “tools” to “capabilities” 14

15 15 D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE MILSATCOM Challenges and Opportunities Challenges Addressing the entire SATCOM enterprise for 2025 & beyond Developing a strategy to better leverage military, commercial, civil, and international solutions, including business models Situational awareness and protection of space assets Industry Opportunities Create innovative solutions to future SATCOM requirements Create operator-to-satellite open/service oriented ground system architectures Consolidate functions and capabilities across multiple systems Synchronize mission threads 15

16 16 D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE MILSATCOM Terminals Challenges and Opportunities Challenges Developing XDR-capable terminals for AEHF Timely integration of delivered terminals into platforms Synchronizing terminal deliveries and platform integration with new on-orbit SATCOM capabilities Industry Opportunities Ka-band capable terminals possibly for additional airborne platforms (e.g. AMC) to take advantage of WGS on-orbit assets New terminal opportunities resulting from a future Analysis of Alternatives study to follow the JSCL Initial Capabilities Document 16

17 17 D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE Missile Warning/Defense Challenges and Opportunities Challenges: Resiliency with lower cost & manpower Control cost, schedule, performance Support Netcentric Operations Integrate Cyber Capabilities into MW/MD portfolio Standardize MW/SSA reporting Industry Opportunities: Invest in data compression and large data transmission Develop, register, and expose services for gov’t subscription/reuse Maximize Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) 17

18 18 D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE SSA/C2-Challenges and Opportunities Challenges Fiscally constrained environment for several years Maintain, sustain and exploit existing capabilities Leverage other non-traditional sensor capabilities Exploit mission partner and coalition capabilities JFCC-Space requires timely actionable information Integration of Space and Cyberspace touch points Industry Opportunities Leverage/Exploit existing sensors for enhanced sensitivity/capacity Develop methods & means to maintain chain of custody Improve environmental forecasting & effects capabilities Ground-based optical sensors for deep space search & discovery Next generation space-based optical system for timely re-visit Dynamic ability to process extensive amounts of new data Establish commercial & coalition partnerships Cross mission collaboration/data fusion tools 18

19 19 D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE Space Launch Challenges and Opportunities Challenges Aging infrastructure; difficult to operate and maintain Increasing costs Utilizing launch manifest more efficiently Sustaining space launch industrial base Orbital debris mitigation compliance Industry Opportunities New entrants Reduced cost Enhanced resiliency 19

20 20 D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE Launch Ranges Challenges and Opportunities Challenges Aging infrastructure and fiscal constraints present operations and sustainment challenges; instrument reliability opposed to excessive redundancy Variety of non-standard launch systems driven by diverse customer needs Real-time data receive, processing and display drive costs for robust systems with a “no-fail” design Multiple independent contracts for operations at each range, plus overarching sustainment – drives contract overhead costs for all contracts Industry Opportunities Propose range safety strategy that does not require significant investment on the range or from launch customers; solutions that require significant capital investment on the range or launch customers are a non-starter Propose efficiencies in day-to-day operations and sustainment of range infrastructure (current and future as mentioned above) using a single consolidated contract 20

21 21 D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE SATOPS/AFSCN Challenges and Opportunities Challenges Non-materiel (non-developmental) solutions for consolidating common SATOPS tasks across multiple satellite operating units Operational concepts for on-demand, protected, agile SATOPS Net-centric AFSCN operating concepts – present users and operators with a web-like interface Industry Opportunities Concept development – how to achieve capability with non-materiel (non-developmental) approaches; enterprise data standards 21

22 22 D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE Summary Space and cyberspace capabilities – vital to national security and the Joint fight Single MAJCOM – enhance synergies between space and cyberspace Domain challenges – competitive, congested, contested Keys to success – innovate, evolve, fund Excellence: Global and Beyond 22

23 23 D EFINING OUR FUTURE IN S PACE AND C YBERSPACE QUESTIONS ?


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