Presentation on theme: "AF Aerial Layer Network Approach"— Presentation transcript:
1 AF Aerial Layer Network Approach Stan C. Newberry, SES, DAFDirector, AFC2IC
2 Net Enabled Nuclear Response High Capacity Backbone Joint Aerial Layer Network (JALN) Initial Capabilities Document (ICD)CommercialMUOSWGSAEHFSpaceWe must be able to workbetween layersbetween networksbetween environmentsNet Enabled ISRRQ-4HighHigh Alt Gateway RelayNet Enabled Nuclear ResponseHigh Capacity BackboneVoiceLink-16VMFSADLB-52AerialE-3B-52E-2MQ-1/9F-15EB-1KC-135F/A-18B-2C-17Legacy TDLsNet Enabled C2 ISRF-22EC-130Advanced TDLsNet Enabled MAFRC-135F-15CE-8ERMPF-35F-35F-16MediumMid Alt GatewayRelayA-10LowNet EnabledAttack / WeaponsNet Enabled SOFASOCTact’l Net OpsTerrestrialH-60CAOCDCGSJFACCOp Net MgtADCIICRCTact’l Net OpsXXXTOCDCGSJFLCCOp Net MgtPermissiveJFMCCOp Net MgtContestedAnti-access
3 AFC2IC Strategy Efficiently align near, mid, and far term efforts Joint Warfighter Integrated NetOps JCTDTool IntegrationDisplay DevelopmentPolicy & ProcessesJoint Aerial Layer NetworkInitial Capabilities Document Supports Capabilities 2012 – 2020 shaped by Analysis of Alternatives (AoA)JointConceptFocus2010201820302012Near-Term:JWIN JCTDMid-Term:JALN AoAFar-Term:JALN ControlJoint ConceptInitial analysis lays the foundation for future analyses and studies to achieve an end-state as described within the Joint Concept
4 Mobile Unified Communications Experiment Warfighter Challenge:The Air Force and Army lack an affordable, rapidly deployable mobile cellular network to support respective missions.AFC2IC Approach:Provide live, virtual and constructiveenvironment to assess the technicalfeasibility and military utility in establishinga tactical cellular network rapidly viaExisting affordable commercial technology.Air Force, Army and Coast Guard personnelwill conduct operational threads to assessmobile technologies, devices andapplications.The Air Force Mobile Unified Communications Experiment was designed to meet BG Spano and AFNIC/XP’s request to evaluate mobile unified communications capabilities. The main focus will be to support AFFOR transition to mobile capabilities with specific areas of interest being base operations, maintenance, logistics, security forces, engineering, and emergency management in a deployed environment.The aerostat will be located at Dam Neck Annex and the cellular network will be connected back to a ground entry point at Langley AFB via a high-capacity WiMax-based IP air bridge.During this event we will also be looking at a COTS based WiMax solution to provide a high capacity IP airborne layer to supplement our JTRS and CDL efforts.Additional Info- X-Net capability has already been successful in pushing over 10 megabytes of data at over 100 miles and 2 megabytes over 200 miles in the commercial frequencies (2.5 Gig range) on a Rivet Joint Aircraft. This will be the first test using this capability to operate in the government Gig range.- Initiatives:1 - Air Force UC (ACC/A6) – Allows for assessment of technologies/TTPs2- Army TactiCell (Army SMD BL) – Provides core infrastructure3- ISR to Tactical Edge (NRO) – Mature ISR mobile apps and TTPs to tactical edge4- Maritime Surveillance via Aerostat (USCG)- Operational ThreadsArmyRoute ReconnaissanceTakedown and Secure BuildingsCall for Fire (with/without JTAC)Maritime Surveillance (Coast Guard Fusion Cell)Air ForceBase SecurityWireless Flight Line MaintenanceDisaster Recovery (UL TBMCS)JointDisaster RecoveryISR to Tactical Edge- Technical ThreadsX-NetTactiCellUnified CommunicationsInitiative Objectives:Provide NRO and NGA ISR products to tactical user via a mobile appProvide shoreline video / radar surveillance via a cellular network to Coast GuardDemonstrate High Bandwidth Airborne IP Layer This effort will help feed the Air Force efficiency drills and help to better spend our future communications resources in future reduced budgets. It also supports AFFOR move to wireless connectivity under the Combat Information Transport System (CITS) Operational Requirements Document (ORD).SponsorsACC/A6A4Security ForcesSurgeon GeneralArmy Space and Missile Defense Battle LabNROCoast Guard Fusion CenterOther key players and providersESCMITREAFRLExperiment Objectives:Assess ability to link to current AF unifiedcommunications pilot architectureAssess selected agile combat supportactivities in a deployed environmentleveraging mobile connectivityAssess commercial mobile technology’sability to enhance AF and Army Ops
5 Joint Warfighting Integrated NetOps (JWIN) Warfighter Challenge: The JTF requires the ability to C2 tactical edge networks and prioritize resources in accordance with the Commander's intent. AFC2IC Approach: Leverage Joint Tactical Edge Network WG, Service Lab efforts & COTS technologies to demonstrate a capability that provides the JTF & Component CC’s an integrated SA picture of tactical networks. Creates a framework for centralized control (analyze CC’s intent) while allowing decentralized execution and (Service level) network optimization. Transition: Use Joint Aerial Layer Network analysis results to develop Capability Development Document. Create a Tactical Edge Network C2 PoR starting in FY 13.JWIN is a 2-year JCTD effort that is focused on improving the way warfighters manage, control and execute Service network resources by consolidating independent Situational Awareness (SA) displays into a single integrated network management view. This capability will enhance the Joint Force Commander’s decision making process over network resources and their ability to:View Service tactical network in a common pictureShare network risk and status data across the ServicesCorrelate network degradation to mission objectives and direct network resources to meet CDR's intentPrioritize operational C2 needs on degraded networksEvaluate and coordinate threat response options.This JCTD leverages Airborne Network management technologies and experiences garnered from recent JEFXs supported by Langley communicators and operators that has proven to be critical in understanding the impact of network events on warfighting operations and end-to-end network distributed policy collaboration and management.Schedule:Year 1 deliverables: Integrated toolset to interface, visualize, and influence tactical NetOps across the Services.Year 2 deliverables: Automated Policy Controls and TTPs on planning, engineering, & executing IP-based tactical networks
6 Joint Aerial Layer Network (JALN) Overview Initial Capabilities Document (ICD) approved Oct 09JALN, when employed, supports net-centric, Command & Control (C2) and Battlespace Awareness requirements for National and Defense senior leaders, COCOMs, and joint forces at all echelonsThe JALN will:Integrate with space and surface layersIncrease communications access for the joint force at all levelsEnable on-the-move (OTM) and over-the-horizon (OTH) / beyond line of sight (BLOS) communicationsProvide modular, scalable, and flexible operational capabilitiesProvide “mission persistent” connectivity as specified by the commanderIn 2009, the joint community, under the guidance of Gen Cartwright, Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, saw an opportunity for all of the Services to work together to identify aerial layer network requirements and determine potential solutions to enhance our Aerial Layer capabilities to address our joint needs. A joint team was formed to write a JALN Initial Capabilities Document. The ICD was approved in Oct 2009.The JALN will augment and extend the existing aerial layer networks and integrate with space and surface nodes in a JOA. The primary purpose is to connect/reconnect warfighters executing specific missions and tasks. It will provide capability in a challenging or degraded communications environment. It will be modular, scalable, and flexible to enable operations on a persistent basis, as the mission dictates. Network components will provide “mission persistent” connectivity as specified by the commander. The expected duration of JALN operations depends on the user's specific mission requirements. It is not intended to be a persistent 24/7/365 capability. It will not replace the space or surface layers, but rather will extend and augment existing and planned network transport capability.The objective of the JALN is to close the following four capability gaps:Connectivity - There is limited two-way connectivity to support Joint forces and Disconnected, Intermittent, or Low Bandwidth (DIL) users at the tactical edge and a lack of assured, enduring, net-ready, and responsive interoperability among Multi-Level Security (MLS) and diverse systems (e.g., coalition, services, and agencies). Many current communications and C2 systems require unique user equipment and extensive ground infrastructure. The overriding objective of connectivity is to support warfighter information requirements when and where it is needed.Capacity - There is limited transport capacity across the National, strategic, operational and tactical environments, especially at the tactical edge and in comm degraded areas. Surface and space-based network transport assets together can provide some BLOS capacity, however, both are limited in the number of users, bandwidth, and under what conditions they provide the capability.Share Info & Data - Present systems, due to their rigid structures, messaging formats, differing classification levels, and constrained bandwidth are not able to adequately support operational information exchange needs required to facilitate knowledge transfer via voice, data, imagery, video, database queries, and free text. As such, operations are not supported by complete, efficient information access.Network Management - There is limited capability in the air domain to integrate and dynamically allocate the necessary JALN infrastructure and connectivity. There is a need to be able to prioritize assets, GIG resources, communications, network/enterprise management and capabilities, and ensure system's ability to rapidly inject emerging capabilities. Network management and enterprise services are required to support the interfaces between the DARE, Transition, and HCB functions of the JALN within a JOA. Lack of these capabilities results in a degraded ability to share resource capacity or re-allocate assets as necessary to meet changing operational requirements and mitigate network disruptions.The JALN will provide three core capabilities or functions: High Capacity Backbone, Distribution/Access/Range Extension (DARE), and Transition. The DARE function delivers a tailored and scalable network transport capability in support of operations in the Space/Air/Ground/Maritime domains. JALN will support operations in many environments including maritime, mountainous, and urban terrains. Similarly, the JALN will support high-speed operations and DIL users.Four Capability Gaps:ConnectivityCapacityShare Information & DataNetwork ManagementThree Core Functions:Distribution/Access/Range Extension (DARE) capabilityTransition capabilityHigh capacity backbone capability
7 JALN Current Status and Way Ahead Analysis of Alternatives (AoA) currently underwayLed by Office of the Secretary of Defense (Networks and Information Integration) with support from all ServicesAFC2IC coordinating AF support170+ Air Force personnel engaged in some capacityAggressive 9-month effortDue to be completed 01 Aug 11Conducting performance and cost analysesAoA results will impact OSD Program Objective Memorandum (POM) 13 issue papersExpect multiple Capability Development Documents to close Initial Capability Document gapsThe JALN Analysis of Alternatives kicked off in November of last year. It is due to be completed in August after an aggressive 9 month effort. OSD(NII) is the lead for the AoA with support from each of the services. The Air Force Command and Control Integration Center is charged with leading the full range of AF activities in support of the AoA, along with our Navy, Army, Marine Corp and COCOM partners. The AF has been fully engaged in this process. We have over 170 personnel from across the AF providing a wide variety of expertise. We have experts in many areas including requirements, logistics, acquisitions, operations, communications, cyber, space, and ISR.The AoA is currently in the Performance and Cost Analysis phase. The intent is for the results to be available to impact OSD POM 13 issue papers. At the conclusion of the AoA, we expect multiple CDDs to be initiated to close the ICD gaps.
8 5th/4th Generation Warfighter Challenge: COCOMs require 5th Gen fighterdata to be shared with assetsacross the battlespace including4th Gen fighters, Integrated Air andMissile Defense & C2 nodes.AFC2IC Approach:Develop an airborne gateway ableto translate & distribute 5th GenInformation via existing Link-16 architecture. This critical force multiplier allows Commanders to leverage advanced sensors operating at the tactical edge to increase force integration, weapons efficiency and situational awareness.Transition:Analyze/select potential host platforms. Build Capability Description Document based on JALN AoA results. Create a Medium Altitude Tactical Gateway PoR starting in FY13.Currently, a capability gap exists in the ability of 4th generation and 5th generation fighter aircraft to share battle space information via data exchange (caused by fielding different data links).5th Generation platforms (B-2, F-22 and F-35) maximize their low observable properties by using low probability of detect/intercept waveforms like IFDL and MADL.Conversely, 4th Gen aircraft currently communicate on Link 16 (an omni-broadcast, non-stealthy datalink).5th Gen platforms have superior battlefield “situational awareness” and survivability but do not have numbers, nor the breadth of fielded weapons.Conversely, 4th generation platforms DO have the numbers and breadth of fielded weapons and will be fighting for us for many years to come. However, these aircraft are reaching the limits of survivability and mission effectiveness in the current threat environment. Data collected onboard 5th generation aircraft, if made available to 4th generation aircraft, will enhance their combat effectiveness.Solution: A 5th to 4th Gen Gateway will take advantage of the strengths of each generation aircraft to optimize the combat effectiveness of the total force.4th Gen Fighters receive 5th Gen data through a Gateway using IFDL/MADL receivers. 5th Gen Fighters then silently receive 4th Gen data through Link 16.This Gateway enables “situational awareness” and “cooperative engagement” between 5th and 4th generation fighters. And once this data is on Link 16, it can be easily transported to the rest of our combat forces (around the world).Synergy rather than autonomy allows us to realize the greatest return on investment in the shortest period of time.