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Case Study: Stalinist Russia 14.2

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1 Case Study: Stalinist Russia 14.2
Totalitarianism Case Study: Stalinist Russia 14.2

2 The Death of Lenin After Lenin died two members of his party emerge as potential leaders Leon Trotsky Joseph Stalin They become bitter rivals during the struggle to control the communist party Stalin wins out and tries to control every aspect of life

3 Stalin Becomes Dictator
Joseph Stalin hide in the background during Lenin’s reign Stalin mean “man of steel” in Russian Fitting name for him He was cold, hard and impersonal Lenin distrusted Stalin as his end neared “(Stalin has) enormous power in his hands, I am not sure if he knows how to use that power with sufficient caution” -Lenin

4 Stalin Becomes Dictator
he begins his ruthless climb to the top of government 1922: He worked behind the scenes (gov), moving allies into positions of power (gov.) 1924: All his allies are in the right place 1928: Has total control of the government and forces Trotsky into exile

5 Stalin and the Totalitarian State
Stalin did not care for the people but the growth of USSR To do this he needs absolute control Totalitarianism – centralized power takes control of all aspects of life People lose all individual rights in a totalitarian state, but gain the sense of security (completely the opposite of the West)

6 Stalin and the Totalitarian State

7 Other Totalitarian States
In the early 20th century this whole totalitarian thing was catching on: Hitler (Germany) Mussolini (Italy) Mao Zedong (China) Kim Il Sung (North Korea)

8 Stalin and the Economy Lenin had the NEP that had state and private owned business (remember 14.1) Stalin wanted total control of the economy Command Economy – the government made all economic decisions The government looked at what was needed and how to do it. (Factory X you make Y) Stalin started revolutions in industry and agriculture

9 Industrial Revolution
1928 (kind of late try 200+ years) Stalin introduced his first five year plan “We are 50 to 100 years behind the advanced countries. We must make good this distance in ten years. Either we do it or we shall be crushed.” -Stalin Stalin set quotas – numerical goals of production for: Steel Coal Oil

10 Industrial Revolution
However, many areas suffered, shortages occurred The gov. told who could work, where they could work and for how long The secret police gave you permission to do everything If you did not do as told…dead Through the destruction of the individual Stalin’s plan worked, really well

11 Agricultural Revolution
Also a success for Stalin, but somehow more brutal 1928 the USSR seized over 25 million private farms Collective Farms - government run farms Hundreds of families worked the farm to produce food for “the state.” Machinery would (hopefully) reduce the number of people needed

12 Agricultural Revolution
Many peasants resisted Stalin’s plan However, the secret police dealt with them Between 5-10 MILLION people died as a result Millions more were sent to Siberia Kulaks – wealthy peasants, resisted so Stalin had them all killed Once again, it worked, production way up

13 Weapons of Totalitarianism
Control and persuasion Terror and violence Police Terror – Neutralized any of Stalin’s enemies (real or not) Great Purge – 1934 Stalin turns on his own party. The people that helped to win the revolution stood trial. NO ONE IS SAFE

14 Indoctrination and Propaganda
You need the people to “believe” in the gov Constant reminder the party is good Propaganda – bias or incomplete information News – talked about the greatness of the state Stalin used the arts to get his message out as well Socialist Realism – new art form in USSR

15 Other Forms of “Control”
Censorship Religious Persecution – the religion… atheism If you compare the Russia Revolution to The French and American, it was closer related to the French Concept of destroying the old way

16 Daily Life Under Stalin
People are better educated and women gain more rights, but at great cost Soviet Women: after 1917 they won equal rights Many became educated, by % of doctors are female Women are not only to work but also raise a family

17 Education The government controlled education (big surprise)
School are not only for indoctrination, they also created the skilled workers Stalin needs

18 1930’s USSR Stalin has complete control He reigns with terror
There is no individual

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