Presentation on theme: "Instructor: Eng.Moayed N. EL Mobaied"— Presentation transcript:
1Instructor: Eng.Moayed N. EL Mobaied بسم الله الرحمن الرحيمThe Islamic University of GazaFaculty of EngineeringElectrical Engineering DepartmentPOWER ELECTRONICSEELE 5450 — FallInstructor: Eng.Moayed N. EL MobaiedLecture 5
2Chapter Three Thyristors The SCR (Silicon-controlled rectifier) is the most important member of the family of power semiconductor devices.
4Chapter Three Thyristors family There are other power semiconductor devices of the thyristor family which share the latching characteristics of the SCR.Triac.Bidirectional diode switch.Silicon controlled switch.Silicon unilateral and bilateral switches( SUS,SBS).Light activated devices Like LASCR and LASCS.Complementary SCRs.Programmable unijunction transistors( PUT).
5Chapter Three Thyristor (SCR) If the anode-to cathode voltage Vak is increased to a sufficiently large value, the reverse-biased junction J2 will break. This is known as avalanche breakdown and the corresponding voltage is called forward breakdown voltage VBO.Since the other junctions J1 and J3 are already forward biased, there will be free movement of carriers across all three junction, resulting in a large forward anode current. The device will be in a conducting state or on-state.When the anode voltage is made positive with respect to the cathode, the junction J1 and J3 are forward biased.The junction J2 is reverse biased, and small leakage current flows from anode to cathode. ( Forward blocking off-state) IDA Thyristor (SCR) is a four-layer semiconductor device of pnpn structure with three pn junctions. It has three terminals :Anode ,Cathode, Gate.
6SCR (V-I characteristics) Chapter ThreeIf the forward anode current is reduced below a level known as the holding current IH, thyristor will be in blocking state.When Cathode is positive with respect to anode (reverse blocking state) IRThe voltage drop would be due to the ohmic drop in the four layers and it is small, Typically, 1V. In the on-state, the anode current is limited by an external impedance or a resistor , RL.The anode current must be more than a value known as latching current IL , in order to maintain the required amount of the carrier flow across the junction.SCR (V-I characteristics)
7End of Lecture **** Eng.moayed Chapter ThreeIG effectsEnd of Lecture **** Eng.moayed