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You have responded very positively to the earlier comments and have narrowed down the scope of the research to a more manageable size. The topic is now.

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Presentation on theme: "You have responded very positively to the earlier comments and have narrowed down the scope of the research to a more manageable size. The topic is now."— Presentation transcript:

1 You have responded very positively to the earlier comments and have narrowed down the scope of the research to a more manageable size. The topic is now more meaningful and debatable. Let’s start with three basic characteristics of a good research (significant, non-trivial, researchable). For significance, the chosen topic is definitely important because most people take MTR or other public transport almost everyday. For a research to be non-trivial, we have to demonstrate to others that there are debatable (not known beforehand) questions that without doing the research, we do not know the answers. You have to argue more explicitly why this is a non-trivial research topic. For example, most people would think MTR is convenient, but there must be a lot of situations (connections between points) that buses /mini-buses provide more direct and convenient services. Try to give more similar arguments so that before we start the research, we have no way to decide whether MTR is really more convenient than other public transport means. For this particular research, the most difficult part is to design a methodology so that you can give a “Fair” comparison and hence a conclusion as to whether MTR is really convenient and less expensive. Let’s assume representatives from MTR, buses, mini-buses are attending your presentations, will they agree with your method and your conclusion. You have given a detailed account of the history of the development of MTR in Hong Kong, but that is not very related to the research question “convenience and inexpensiveness”. Try to provide some linkage between the historical development and your research question. You have used only one route (Hang Hau to Mei Foo). Could you propose, say 20 popular routes, compare and suggest whether people would find the MTR (against mini-bus, buses, etc.) more convenient and inexpensive? For convenience, you might like to use more indicators (e.g., dependability, comfort, travelling time, walking time to the station) (get these important criteria through interview). Find from interviews how people would weigh the relative importance of convenience and cost (and other relevant factors). Find out when people will prefer one means (e.g., MTR) over the others.

2 By: Chan Kai Tong 3S(2),Chan Tsz Ho, Chow Ka Lok 3J(8), Chung Chi Ngo 3S(12),Kwong Huen Kwan 3Y(13), Ip Claudio Alan 3Y(40)

3 1. Is MTR the cheapest in long and short distance of all transport? 2. Is MTR the fastest transport? 3. Is a good transport should be same as MTR?

4 During the 1960s, the government of Hong Kong saw a need to accommodate increasing road traffic as Hong Kong's economy continued to grow strongly. British transportation consultants Freeman, Fox, Wilbur Smith & Associates were appointed to study the transportation system of Hong Kong. The study was based on the projection of the population of Hong Kong for 1986, estimated at 6,868,000. On , the consultants submitted to the government the Hong Kong Mass Transport Study, which recommended the construction of a 40-mile rail rapid-transit system in Hong Kong.

5 The study suggested that four rail lines be developed in six stages, with a completion date set between December 1973 and December Detailed positions of lines and stations were presented in the study. These four lines were Kwun Tong Line, Tsuen Wan Line, Island Line, and Shatin Line. The study was submitted to the Legislative Council on The consultants received new data of 1966 by-census in A short supplementary report was submitted on and amended in June The by-census indicated that the projected 1986 population was reduced to 5,647,000, a reduction from a previous estimate by more than 1 million.

6 The dramatic reduction in projection affected town planning. The population distribution was largely different from the original study. The 1986 populations of Castle Peak New Town, Sha Tin New Town, and, to a lesser extent, Tsuen Wan New Town, were not as high as expected, and the plan of a new town in Tseung Kwan O was abandoned. In this updated scenario, the consultants diminished the scale of the recommended system. The supplementary report stated that the originally suggested four tracks between Admiralty station and Mong Kok station should be reduced to two, and only the Island Line, Tsuen Wan Line, and Kwun Tong Line should be constructed in the system. The other lines would be placed in the list of extensions. This report led to the final study in In 1970, a system with four lines was laid out and planned as part of the British consultants' new report, Hong Kong Mass Transit: Further Studies.

7 The four lines were to be the Kwun Tong Line, Tsuen Wan Line, Island Line, and East Kowloon Line. However, the lines that were eventually constructed were somewhat different compared to the lines that were originally proposed by the Hong Kong Mass Transport Study. In 1972, the Hong Kong government authorised construction of the Initial System, a 20-kilometre system that roughly translates to the Kwun Tong Line of today. Negotiations with four major construction consortia started in 1973.

8 The government's intention was to tender the entire project, based on the British design, as a single tender at a fixed price. A consortium from Japan signed an agreement to construct the system in early 1974, but in December of the same year, it pulled out of the agreement for reasons stemming from fears of the Arab oil crisis.

9 The network is becoming wider and wider. These can earn a lot of money for the company but the most important is can help the people for going everywhere safety, quickly and easily. Also, can be improve the community quality of a cosmopolitan city in Asia. (1979 to 1980) Kwun Tong Line In early 1975, a government agency known as the Mass Transport Provisional Authority was established to take charge of the project. It announced that the Initial System would be reduced to 15.6– kilometers. (1980s) Tsuen Wan Line The project added a 10.5-kilometre section to the MTR system, from Prince Edward to Tsuen Wan. The line started service on with a total cost of construction and constructed a new international airport at Chek Lap Kok on Lantau Island to replace the overcrowded Kai Tak International Airport Network

10 (2000s) Tseung Kwan O Line The Quarry Bay Congestion Relief Works involved extending the Hong Kong Island end of the Kwun Tong Line from Quarry Bay to North Point via a 4.2– kilometer tunnel. The project was initiated due to overcrowding at Quarry Bay and persistent passenger complaints about the 5-minute walk from the Island Line platforms to the Kwun Tong Line platform. Construction began in September 1997 and was completed in September Disneyland Resort Line The Disneyland Resort Line, previously known as Penny's Bay Rail Link, provides service to the Hong Kong Disneyland Resort. It is a 3.5–kilometer single-track railway that runs between Sunny Bay station and Disneyland Resort station; The Disneyland Resort station itself is designed to blend in with the Hong Kong Disneyland to create a resort ambience. The line currently operates fully-automated Interchange Works Two major works were undertaken to facilitate interchange between MTR and KCR East Rail. The modification of Kowloon Tong station started in June A new pedestrian link to East Rail Kowloon Tong station southern concourse and a new entrance were completed in June 2003 to cope with the increase in interchange passenger flow.

11 Facilities Known as the trains, the oldest model of MTR since its operation, the facilities which inside the train were too poor in the past. Everyone maybe don’t know I would say so. Here are some points to discuss with: . By the logical sense, there were no air-conditioner pass away. Absolutely, there also hadn’t air-condition supply. It was hard during the people sweating that are smelly. . The interior’s compartments of an MTR were not enough sitting seat for passengers who would tired and not satisfied if no place for them to sit. . In the past that almost no handle of the MTR. People were easily fell down while the train was braking suddenly. This was a fault of the constructions.

12 MTRBus PlaceFrom Hang Hau to Mei Foo Price of adult (octopus) $8.0$9.2 Price of child (octopus) $3.6$4.1 Time (min)4170

13 The price of adult of MTR and the bus are $8 and $9.2. The price of child of MTR and the bus are $3.6 and $4.1. The time of traveling of MTR and the bus are 41 and 70 minutes.

14 By the result, we can make these conclusions: the price of adult of MTR is cheaper than the bus. so the price of child of MTR is also cheap then the bus. so traveling by MTR is fast than the bus Summarize the above points, we can sure that traveling by MTR is better than the bus

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