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 Movement- Push and pull factors. Movement  Provides example of where history and geography are connected  Both historians and geographers study how.

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Presentation on theme: " Movement- Push and pull factors. Movement  Provides example of where history and geography are connected  Both historians and geographers study how."— Presentation transcript:

1  Movement- Push and pull factors

2 Movement  Provides example of where history and geography are connected  Both historians and geographers study how and why people have moved within the United States as well as to the United states from other places.  Push and Pull factors

3 Exploration and Settlement

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5 Migration Chart  Westward Movement:  Who : Settlers and Pioneers  Where : From States in the Eastern part of the U.s *To states in the west such as Michigan, and later on Oregon and Nebraska  When : From the early 1800s to around 1900  Why : Push factor: lack of opportunity Pull Factor: Farm Land Adventure

6 Underground Railroad  Was a secret organization of routes, safe housed, and people.  Purpose was to guide escaped slaves from the South to freedom in the North.  Was neither a railroad nor underground  Operated mainly between 1830 and 1861  Michigan important part of the Underground Railroad

7 Michigan People important in the Underground Railroad  Laura Smith Haviland  Led escaped slaves to Canada  Southern slave owners offered a $3,000 reward for her capture  She and her family also opened one of the first schools in Michigan for black people  George De Baptiste  Black businessman bought a ship to take escaped slaves across the Detroit River to Canada  Member of the Second Baptist Church; important station on the Underground Railroad

8 Continued  Sojourner Truth  Was born a slave in New York in 1797, freed in 1828  Became an abolitionist, person who believed slavery should be made illegal  Supporter of voting rights for women  Excellent speaker and traveled the U.S speaking out against slavery and the rights of all people  Nathan Thomas  Doctor in Kalamazoo County  Started helping slaves in 1843  Over 1000 slaves passed through his home

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10 Migration chart  Underground Railroad  Who : Enslaved people in southern slave states  Where : From slave states in the South  To states in North and to Canada  When : From the 1840s to around 1860  Why : Push Factor- Slavery Pull Factor- Freedom

11 Orphan Trains  Occurred between 1850s to 1920s  Estimated 100,000 homeless children sent by train from NYC to smaller towns and farms in the Midwest  First orphan train riders, group of 14 boys, arrived in 1854 in Michigan  By 1927, about 12,500 orphans had been placed in MI  39% were girls. Most were never adopted

12 Migration Chart  Orphan Trains  Who- Homeless orphans in NYC  Where- From NYC to small towns and farms in the Midwest  When- Mid-1850s to the late 1920s  Why- Push factor- No family or home Pull Factor- The chance for a home and family

13 The Great Migration  Millions of African Americans moved from the south to the North during early 1900s  Reason for movement of people; escaping racism of the south and find a better life in the cities of the North.  Many settled in Detroit  Racism in the South-Push or Pull factor?  Racism was a Push factor, while factory jobs were a pull factor

14 Migration Chart  The “Great Migration”  Who- African Americans in the South  Where- From south to cities in the North like Detroit  When to around 1940  Why- Push Factor- Racism and lack of opportunity Pull Factor- Jobs and the hope of a better life

15 Forced to Move??  Around 1830, it became the official policy of the US government to remove Native Americans from their lands to reservations west of the Mississippi River.  They did not want to move, but were forced  “The Removal of the Michigan Potawatomi”  Who was migrating, or moving, in the book?  From where had they been living?  To where were they moving?  When were they moving?  Why were they moving?  What push factors were described?  What pull factors were described

16 Migration Chart  Native American Removal  Who-Native Americans such as the Potawatomi  Where- From states like Michigan to states like Kansas and Oklahoma  When  Why-Push Factor- pushed out and relocated  Pull Factor- US government provided lands for Native Americans


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