3Introduction The Snapshot button is used to capture the screen. AccelerationIntroductionEach page of this lab that contains the symbolshould be inserted into your journal. After completing a lab page with the snapshot symbol, tap (in the upper right corner) to insert the page into your journal.Journals and SnapshotsThe Snapshot button is used to capture the screen.The Journal is where snapshots are stored and viewed.The Share button is used to export or print your journal to turn in your work.Note: You may want to take asnapshot of the first page ofthis lab as a cover page foryour journal.
4Lab Challenge What does it mean to decelerate? AccelerationLab ChallengeWhat does it mean to decelerate?What does it mean to accelerate?
5AccelerationBackgroundAcceleration is the rate at which the velocity of an object changes.velocity final – velocity initial= accelerationtimeSince velocity is the speed and direction of an object's motion, acceleration can mean speeding up, slowing down, or changing direction.
6Acceleration...BackgroundA car can have a positive acceleration when it is speeding up and a negative acceleration when it is slowing down depending on its direction of travel.When a car is speeding up, its acceleration is in the same direction of its velocity: both acceleration and velocity are positive or negative. When a car is slowing down its acceleration is in the opposite direction of its velocity: velocity and acceleration have opposite signs.
7Acceleration...BackgroundConstant acceleration means that an object's velocity is changing at an uniform rate.For example, when you throw a ball into the air it experiences a velocity change of 9.8 m/s every 1 second. Since the acceleration's direction is pointing towards the Earth, the ball will decelerate (slow down) when moving up and accelerate (speed up) when falling down.
8AccelerationSelf-CheckWhen a car's acceleration is negative but its velocity is positive, the car is:slowing downspeeding upmaintaining constant speedundefinableL6-Text Box[The best choice is…]
9AccelerationSelf-Check2. Does a cart rolling freely up and then back down an inclined track illustrate constant acceleration? Justify your answer.L4,5,6-Text Box[Yes/no… because…]
10Materials and Equipment AccelerationMaterials and EquipmentCollect all of these materials before beginning the lab.Motion SensorCart with PlungerTrack End StopTrack Pivot ClampDynamics TrackRod and BaseNote: Angle indicator not used in this lab
11Sequencing Challenge Acceleration The steps to the left are part of the procedure for this lab activity. They are not in the right order. Determine the correct sequence of the steps, then take a snapshot of this page.A. Repeat data collection, this time pushing the cart up the inclined track toward the motion sensor.B. Determine the cart's acceleration from each trial using the slope of the graphed data.C. Release the cart from the elevated end of the track to produce a velocity versus time graph.D. Assemble the inclined track with the end stop at one end and the motion sensor at the opposite end.L6-Text Box[The correct sequence of steps is…]
12Setup Attach the End Stop to the lower end of the Dynamics Track. AccelerationSetupAttach the End Stop to the lower end of the Dynamics Track.Mount the track to your rod and base using the pivot clamp, slightly inclining the track at one end.Attach the Motion Sensor to the elevated end of the track with the face of the sensor pointed down the length of the track.Connect the Motion Sensor to the SPARK Science Learning System.Note: Make certain the switch on the top of the motion sensor is set to the cart icon.
13Collect Data Acceleration Set the cart at the top of the inclined end of the track holding it ~15 cm from the Motion Sensor.Tap to begin data collection.Release the cart allowing it to roll down the track.Catch the cart at the bottom of the inclined track just before it hits the end stop.Tap to stop data collection.
14Collect Data Acceleration Set the cart at the bottom of the inclined track against the end stop.Tap to begin data collectionUsing your hand, push thecart up the inclined track (avoid hitting the motion sensor) allowing it to roll back down.Again, catch the cart just before it hits the end stop.Tap to stop data collection.
15AccelerationAnalysisDuring the period when the cart was in motion, are the velocity versus time graphs straight lines? Refer to the previous page if necessary. How is the acceleration of the cart changing if your velocity versus time graphs are straight lines?L4,5,6-Text Box[Are the graphs straight lines?][The acceleration is…]
16AccelerationAnalysis2. Although the paths of the cart in both trials were different, the slopes of the velocity versus time graphs for each trial are the same (during the period in which the cart was in motion). Why is this the case? Justify your answer.L4,5,6-Text Box[The slopes are the same because…]
17Analysis Acceleration Looking at the velocity versus time graph, what would a negative slope tell you about the cart's acceleration? A positive slope?L6-Text Box[A negative slope tells us….][A positive slope tells us…]
18Analysis Acceleration What was causing the cart to accelerate after releasing it from rest at the top of the track? Was that acceleration constant?L6-Text Box[The acceleration was due to…]
19AccelerationAnalysis5. Describe the motion of an object whose velocity versus time graph is a horizontal straight line (a slope of zero).L4,5,6-Text Box[The motion is…]
20AccelerationSynthesis1. The term "acceleration" is used in our everyday lives and language, but is often used in a non-physical context. Now that you have developed a physical definition of "acceleration" give an example where the physical definition matches the "everyday" definition. Give an example where they are different.L4,5,6-Text Box[An example where the definitions are similar is…][An example where the definitions are different is…]
21AccelerationSynthesisModern aircraft carriers use a steam powered catapult system to launch jets from a very short range. These catapults can provide a constant acceleration to bring jets up to speed in only 2 seconds. If each jet requires a minimum take- off speed of 82.3 m/s, how much acceleration must the catapult supply so the jet can take off?L6-Text Box[The catapult must supply…]
22AccelerationSynthesisHow many different devices in a car help to accelerate the vehicle? What are they?L4,5,6-Text Box[These devices help to accelerate a vehicle…]
23Multiple Choice Question AccelerationMultiple Choice QuestionIf the acceleration due to gravity is -9.8 m/s2, which of the following choices would best describe the acceleration of a 0.5 kg frictionless block sliding down the track used in our experiment?-3.5 m/s23.5 m/s20 m/s2UndefinableL6-Text Box[The best choice is…]
24Multiple Choice Question AccelerationMultiple Choice QuestionA cart with an initial velocity of zero and a final velocity of 12 m/s after 2 s will have an acceleration of4 m/s26 m/s28 m/s212 m/s2L6-Text Box[The best choice is…]
25Multiple Choice Question AccelerationMultiple Choice QuestionA race car starting from rest accelerates uniformly at a rate of 5 m/s2. What is the car's speed after it has traveled for 5 s?5 m/s10 m/s20 m/s25 m/sL6-Text Box[The best choice is…]
26AccelerationCongratulations!You have completed the lab.Please remember to follow your teacher's instructions for cleaning-up and submitting your lab.Color scheme (RGB values)biology 121, 173, 54chemistry 0 176, 216physics 0, 102, 204earth 204, 102, 0middle 153, 102, 153elementary 255, 51, 0
27References Acceleration ALL IMAGES WERE TAKEN FROM PASCO DOCUMENTATION, PUBLIC DOMAIN CLIP ART, OR WIKIMEDIA FOUNDATION COMMONS: