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INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF URBAN GREEN AREAS Paolo Viskanic Daniel Degasperi Merano and Milano.

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Presentation on theme: "INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF URBAN GREEN AREAS Paolo Viskanic Daniel Degasperi Merano and Milano."— Presentation transcript:

1 INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT OF URBAN GREEN AREAS Paolo Viskanic Daniel Degasperi Merano and Milano (Italy)

2 Content Who is R3 GIS? Why a Green Area Management System? Geodatabase and Data model Jobs, inspections, workflows Citizen information Conclusions

3 Founded 2003 Main office in Merano (BZ), second office in Milano 12 Collaborators, (6 in software development) Quality Certification ISO 9001:2008 Member of the Open Geospatial Consortium Funding member of the Foss Academy Operating through partners in Italy, Austria and Germany

4 Activities SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT CONSULTING SERVICES TRAINING PROJECTS ACTIVITIES ENVIRONMENT AND AGRICULTURE GREEN AREA MANAGEMENT PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION TOURISM AND SKI AREAS FOSS ACADEMY UTILITIES SECTORS

5 Solutions for the public administration

6 Open Source Technology CentOS or RedHat operating system Geodatabase PostgreSQL/PostGIS PHP, Java, Javascript, HTML UMN Mapserver/GeoServer Analysis: Grass, jGrass, gvSIG, uDig, QGis WebGIS Client: OpenLayers, GisClient R3 GIS contributes to most of these Technologies

7 Management of urban green areas Public parks and gardens Private gardens Cemeteries Tree-lined streets Transport corridors with trees and vegetation River-bank corridors with trees and vegetation

8 Why a Green Area management software? Documentation in the case of damages Planning and accounting for maintenance activities Reporting, statistical analysis Quality control and improvement

9 Why a WebGIS? All users access one central database An authentication system enforces security Access by all stakeholders involved Privileges are set according to responsibilities Access in the field on a tablet or PDA

10 All stakeholders involved

11 Urban green area management with R3 TREES All stakeholders access the data for their area of competence 1Central Geodatabas e 2 Jobs, inspections, Workflows 3 CitizenInformation

12 Urban green area management with R3 TREES All stakeholders access the data for their area of competence 1Central Geodatabas e 2 Jobs, inspections, Workflows 3 CitizenInformation

13 Data Model requirements Flexibility (type of managed assets must be configurable) Hierarchical structure (allows different levels of abstraction) Compatibility to national standards (National data core, Inspire) Applicability to different maintenance jobs (each type of job requires different tools, expertise, machines and has a different price)

14 VEGETATION STREET FURNITURE MANAGEMENT Data model structure

15 Data model example VEGETATION URBAN GREEN GREEN AREA LAWN FLAT LAWN A FLAT LAWN A LAWN WITH CONCRETE BLOCKS A LAWN WITH CONCRETE BLOCKS A LAWN IN ESCARPMENT A LAWN IN ESCARPMENT A LAWN IN TRAM LINE A LAWN IN TRAM LINE A CITY GEODATABASEGREEN AREA DATA MODEL Assets are classified according to the type of maintenance activities they are subject to. This allows for accurate maintenance cost calculations and stimulates update of geometries.

16 Map Interface

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18 WebGIS interface with standard GIS tools Based on OGC Standards Multilingual Simple geometry editing tools Print functions in different sizes and formats Google Street View integrated Interactive selection, query and Tooltip tools Editing tools with snapping capability Legend and hierarchical layer tree Measuring tools

19 Data entry Import-Export Tools: checks integrity and topology, stores historical information Editing tools allow entry and management of geometry and attributes directly from the map interface

20 Urban green area management with R3 TREES All stakeholders access the data for their area of competence 1Central Geodatabas e 2 Jobs, inspections, Workflows 3 CitizenInformation

21 Workflows managed: a view examples TREES: tree database with main characteristics of each plant. Workflows for planting and felling trees and for removing the stump. VTA: visual and instrumental tree assessments, documentation, traceability PLAYS: Playgrounds, equipment and periodical inspections. Management of maintenance activities. GREEN AREAS: GIS inventory of all objects, statistics, historical information. JOBS: planning, monitoring and documentation of maintenance activities, directly linked to the assets involved QUALITY: tools to ensure monitoring and action to ensure quality of public areas

22 Example: Visual Tree Assessment (VTA) Visual Assessment Instrumental checks Prescriptions and jobs Risk class Approval New VTA planned Each tree is subject to periodic assessment to ensure public safety and quality of urban green spaces

23 Example: Visual Tree Assessment (VTA) Visual Assessment Instrumental Analysis

24 Job programming and follow-up Programming of maintenance activities Quantities are provided by the GIS Cost is calculated based on quantities The job is programmed in a certain time period Closing activities as they are carried out Job, Operator, time of execution, cost, etc. are connected to actual asset on the ground. historical database

25 Historical database PLANTED MAY 1985 PRUNING APRIL 1989 THINNING CANOPY MARCH 1991 DEAD WOODING FEBRUARY 1993 VISUAL TREE ASSESSMENT JULY 1993 THINNING CANOPY MARCH 1995 VISUAL TREE ASSESSMENT JULY 1998 DEAD WOODING FEBRUARY 2000 PRUNING APRIL 2001 PRUNING MAY 2003 …………. PLANTED MAY 1985 PRUNING APRIL 1989 THINNING CANOPY MARCH 1991 DEAD WOODING FEBRUARY 1993 VISUAL TREE ASSESSMENT JULY 1993 THINNING CANOPY MARCH 1995 VISUAL TREE ASSESSMENT JULY 1998 DEAD WOODING FEBRUARY 2000 PRUNING APRIL 2001 PRUNING MAY 2003 ………….

26 Quality control Quality is checked in the field Non compliance is transmitted to server Asset is identified and planned activities are evaluated Job is planned Job carried out and non compliance resolved

27 Quality control Non compliances are recorded in the field through Trimble Juno PDAs with Position, photo and attributes. Synchronisation transfers all data to the server, where it is combined with the GIS and checked against open jobs and previous non-compliances After checks a job is created and assigned to the contractor responsible for the site

28 Urban green area management with R3 TREES All stakeholders access the data for their area of competence 1Central Geodatabas e 2 Jobs, inspections, Workflows 3 CitizenInformation

29 Publication on the web Main data are made available to the public Each change in the management application is automatically applied to the public interface Public interface is very simple and user friendly Examples: – Merano (www.ambiente.comune.merano.bz.it) – Rimini (http://www.antheasit.it/public)

30 Public map of Parks and Recreation of Merano

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32 Who uses R3 TREES? Municipalities: About 35 cities in Italy including Milano, Pavia, Forli, Sanremo, Rimini, … Transport companies: Highway Milano-Genova, Tangenziali di Milano, Ferrovie Nord Institutions managing housing estates: Provinces, Insurance companies, Cooperatives Contractors for green area management.

33 Conclusions A well organised GIS of urban green areas can: Allow you to share all relevant information with all stakeholders Document all activities and thus take decisions based on data and gives legal security in case of accidents Improve management activities by learning from past experience Ensure save and enjoyable parks and recreation areas in your town.

34 Thank you for your interest Main office: Via Johann Kravogl, Merano (BZ) Tel Fax Office in Milano: Via Vallisneri, Milano (MI)


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