Next Generation Science/Common Core Standards Addressed! CCSS.ELA Literacy.RST.9‐10.1 Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, attending to the precise details of explanations or descriptions. CCSS.ELA Literacy.RST.9‐ 10.3 Follow precisely a complex multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks, attending to special cases or exceptions defined in the text. CCSS.ELA Literacy. RST.11‐12.2 Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; summarize complex concepts, processes, or information presented in a text by paraphrasing them in simpler but still accurate terms. CCSS.ELA Literacy.RST.11‐12.3 Follow precisely a complex multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks; analyze the specific results based on explanations in the text. HSNQ.A.3 Choose a level of accuracy appropriate to limitations on measurement when reporting quantities. (HS‐PS1‐2),(HSPS1‐4),(HS‐PS1‐5),(HS‐PS1‐7) HSSIC.B.6 Evaluate reports based on data. (HS‐LS2‐6)
Bell Work / Learning Objectives Describe the types of tractors and transport equipment used in landscaping. Explain cutting and digging equipment used in landscaping projects. Describe tillage and soil moving equipment used in landscaping. Discuss the maintenance of large landscape equipment.
Terms Backhoe Bulldozer Chisel Plow Disk Dump Truck Field Cultivator Forklifts Front-end Loader Grader Harrow Hydraulic Cylinders Mechanical Tree Spade Posthole Digger Power Take Off (PTO) Shaft Shredders Stump Grinders Trencher
Would You: Mow a pasture with a push mower? Dig a pond with a shovel? Use a pickup to haul 6 tons of gravel?
Tractors Tractors are the power source for pulling and operating large equipment. Small utility tractors are fueled by gasoline. Larger tractors usually have diesel engines. The power take off (PTO) shaft is a shaft that drives or powers pull behind equipment such as a fertilizer spreader.
Tractors Cont. Hydraulic cylinders can be used to lift and lower equipment such as a front- end loader. Tractors can also be used for towing equipment that has its own engine.
Transportation Equipment Transportation equipment includes trucks, forklifts, and trailers. Trucks and trailers are used to haul supplies and equipment to the job site. Forklifts are hydraulically operated, self-powered machines that are used to move, load, and unload supplies stacked on pal-lets.
What Cutting and Digging Equipment is Used on Large Landscaping Projects? Explain cutting and digging equipment used in landscaping projects.
Cutting Equipment Mowers cut grass and weeds. Shredders are PTO operated by a tractor or are pulled by a truck if they have their own motor. Shredders/Chipper grind branches and limbs into wood chips used for mulch. Stump grinders are used to grind tree stumps into fine wood chips (coarse sawdust) that is also used as mulch.
Digging Equipment Soil digging equipment is essential for many jobs. A backhoe is a hydraulically operated bucket on the back of a tractor used to dig trenches and holes. A posthole digger is another hydraulically operated piece of equipment that mounts on the back of a tractor. It is a fast way to dig holes for fence posts.
Digging Equipment Cont. A trencher is a hydraulically driven rotating chain with blades that is used to dig a narrow channel for the placement of concrete footings or electric wiring. A mechanical tree spade is mounted on a truck and is used to dig large trees. The tree spade filled with the tree and surrounding soil is transported to a new location for planting.
Tillage Equipment Tillage equipment loosens soil for seedbed preparation, aeration, weed control, and ease of water movement. A field cultivator has shovels that dig into the ground to loosen soil and kill weeds. A disk is a piece of equipment that uses round blades to loosen and pulverize the soil. It is especially useful in seedbed preparation.
Tillage Equipment Cont. A harrow has steel prongs or teeth and is used as a leveling device. It is often attached to or pulled behind a disk or field cultivator. A chisel plow has a combination of round blades in the front and shovels in the back. It tills deeper than a disk or field cultivator and leaves the surface rough and open.
Soil Moving Equipment Soil moving equipment can move large quantities of material A bulldozer has a front blade and runs on tracks rather than tires. A front-end loader has a bucket and is a tire operated machine. A grader is a self propeller piece of equipment that has a blade that can be depth and angle adjusted. A dump truck is a truck used for hauling material that can be hydraulically dumped.
Soil Moving Equipment Front End Loader Bulldozer
Maintenance Maintenance and storage procedures for large power equipment is generally explained in the equipment’s operations manual. Carefully check over the equipment before each use for needed repairs. Check fluid levels, service records, and general condition of the equipment before starting.
Maintenance Cont. Large landscape equipment represents a substantial investment. Proper maintenance and operation are essential to protect your investment and keep the equipment working efficiently. Store the equipment in a clean dry place. Keep equipment clean and well lubricated.
Review/Summary What types of tractors and transport equipment are used in landscaping? What cutting and digging equipment is used on large landscaping projects? What tillage and soil moving equipment is used on large landscaping projects? What maintenance should be done with large equipment?