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Horticulture CD Unit C 6-3: Nursery, Landscaping, and Gardening.

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Presentation on theme: "Horticulture CD Unit C 6-3: Nursery, Landscaping, and Gardening."— Presentation transcript:

1 Horticulture CD Unit C 6-3: Nursery, Landscaping, and Gardening

2 Problem Area 6: Identifying and Maintaining Tools and Equipment

3 Lesson 3: Using Large Landscape Maintenance Equipment

4 Would You: Mow a pasture with a push mower? Mow a pasture with a push mower? Dig a pond with a shovel? Dig a pond with a shovel? Use a pickup to haul 6 tons of gravel? Use a pickup to haul 6 tons of gravel?

5 Learning Objectives Describe the types of tractors and transport equipment used in landscaping. Describe the types of tractors and transport equipment used in landscaping. Explain cutting and digging equipment used in landscaping projects. Explain cutting and digging equipment used in landscaping projects. Describe tillage and soil moving equipment used in landscaping. Describe tillage and soil moving equipment used in landscaping. Discuss the maintenance of large landscape equipment. Discuss the maintenance of large landscape equipment.

6 Terms Backhoe Backhoe Bulldozer Bulldozer Chisel Plow Chisel Plow Disk Disk Dump Truck Dump Truck Field Cultivator Field Cultivator Forklifts Forklifts Front-end Loader Front-end Loader Grader Grader Harrow Harrow Hydraulic Cylinders Hydraulic Cylinders Mechanical Tree Spade Mechanical Tree Spade Posthole Digger Posthole Digger Power Take Off (PTO) Shaft Power Take Off (PTO) Shaft Shredders Shredders Stump Grinders Stump Grinders Trencher Trencher

7 What Types of Tractors and Transport Equipment are Used in Landscaping? Describe the types of tractors and transport equipment used in landscaping.

8 Tractors Tractors are the power source for pulling and operating large equipment. Tractors are the power source for pulling and operating large equipment. Small utility tractors are fueled by gasoline. Small utility tractors are fueled by gasoline. Larger tractors usually have diesel engines. Larger tractors usually have diesel engines. The power take off (PTO) shaft is a shaft that drives or powers pull behind equipment such as a fertilizer spreader. The power take off (PTO) shaft is a shaft that drives or powers pull behind equipment such as a fertilizer spreader.

9 Tractors Hydraulic cylinders can be used to lift and lower equipment such as a front-end loader. Hydraulic cylinders can be used to lift and lower equipment such as a front-end loader. Tractors can also be used for towing equipment that has its own engine. Tractors can also be used for towing equipment that has its own engine.

10 Transportation Equipment Transportation equipment includes trucks, forklifts, and trailers. Transportation equipment includes trucks, forklifts, and trailers. Trucks and trailers are used to haul supplies and equipment to the job site. Trucks and trailers are used to haul supplies and equipment to the job site. Forklifts are hydraulically operated, self-powered machines that are used to move, load, and unload supplies stacked on pallets. Forklifts are hydraulically operated, self-powered machines that are used to move, load, and unload supplies stacked on pallets.

11 Tractors and Transportation Equipment. TractorTruck and Trailer Forklift

12 What Cutting and Digging Equipment is Used on Large Landscaping Projects? Explain cutting and digging equipment used in landscaping projects.

13 Cutting Equipment Mowers cut grass and weeds. Mowers cut grass and weeds. Shredders are PTO operated by a tractor or are pulled by a truck if they have their own motor. Shredders are PTO operated by a tractor or are pulled by a truck if they have their own motor. Shredders grind branches and limbs into wood chips used for mulch. Shredders grind branches and limbs into wood chips used for mulch. Stump grinders are used to grind tree stumps into fine wood chips (coarse sawdust) that is also used as mulch. Stump grinders are used to grind tree stumps into fine wood chips (coarse sawdust) that is also used as mulch.

14 Digging Equipment Soil digging equipment is essential for many jobs. Soil digging equipment is essential for many jobs. A backhoe is a hydraulically operated bucket on the back of a tractor used to dig trenches and holes. A backhoe is a hydraulically operated bucket on the back of a tractor used to dig trenches and holes. A posthole digger is another hydraulically operated piece of equipment that mounts on the back of a tractor. A posthole digger is another hydraulically operated piece of equipment that mounts on the back of a tractor. It is a fast way to dig holes for fence posts. It is a fast way to dig holes for fence posts.

15 Digging Equipment A trencher is a hydraulically driven rotating chain with blades that is used to dig a narrow channel for the placement of concrete footings or electric wiring. A trencher is a hydraulically driven rotating chain with blades that is used to dig a narrow channel for the placement of concrete footings or electric wiring. A mechanical tree spade is mounted on a truck and is used to dig medium size trees. A mechanical tree spade is mounted on a truck and is used to dig medium size trees. The tree spade filled with the tree and surrounding soil is transported to a new location for planting. The tree spade filled with the tree and surrounding soil is transported to a new location for planting.

16 Cutting and Digging Equipment

17 Backhoe Post Hole Digger

18 What Tillage and Soil Moving Equipment is Used on Large Landscaping Projects? Describe tillage and soil moving equipment used in landscaping.

19 Tillage Equipment Tillage equipment loosens soil for seedbed preparation, aeration, weed control, and ease of water movement. Tillage equipment loosens soil for seedbed preparation, aeration, weed control, and ease of water movement. A field cultivator has shovels that dig into the ground to loosen soil and kill weeds. A field cultivator has shovels that dig into the ground to loosen soil and kill weeds.

20 Tillage Equipment A disk is a piece of equipment that uses round blades to loosen and pulverize the soil. A disk is a piece of equipment that uses round blades to loosen and pulverize the soil. It is especially useful in seedbed preparation. It is especially useful in seedbed preparation.

21 Tillage Equipment A harrow has steel prongs or teeth and is used as a leveling device. A harrow has steel prongs or teeth and is used as a leveling device. It is often attached to or pulled behind a disk or field cultivator. It is often attached to or pulled behind a disk or field cultivator. A chisel plow has a combination of round blades in the front and shovels in the back. A chisel plow has a combination of round blades in the front and shovels in the back. It tills deeper than a disk or field cultivator and leaves the surface rough and open. It tills deeper than a disk or field cultivator and leaves the surface rough and open.

22 Tillage Equipment Field Cultivator Disk

23 Soil Moving Equipment Soil moving equipment can move large quantities of material Soil moving equipment can move large quantities of material A bulldozer has a front blade and runs on tracks rather than tires. A bulldozer has a front blade and runs on tracks rather than tires. A front-end loader has a bucket and is a tire operated machine. A front-end loader has a bucket and is a tire operated machine.

24 Soil Moving Equipment A grader is a self propeller piece of equipment that has a blade that can be depth and angle adjusted. A grader is a self propeller piece of equipment that has a blade that can be depth and angle adjusted. A dump truck is a truck used for hauling material that can be hydraulically dumped. A dump truck is a truck used for hauling material that can be hydraulically dumped.

25 Soil Moving Equipment Front End Loader Bulldozer

26 Soil Moving Equipment Dump Truck Grader

27 What Maintenance Should be Done With Large Equipment? Discuss the maintenance of large landscape equipment.

28 Maintenance Maintenance and storage procedures for large power equipment is generally explained in the equipment’s operations manual. Maintenance and storage procedures for large power equipment is generally explained in the equipment’s operations manual. Carefully check over the equipment before each use for needed repairs. Carefully check over the equipment before each use for needed repairs. Check fluid levels, service records, and general condition of the equipment before starting. Check fluid levels, service records, and general condition of the equipment before starting.

29 Maintenance Large landscape equipment represents a substantial investment. Large landscape equipment represents a substantial investment. Proper maintenance and operation are essential to protect your investment and keep the equipment working efficiently. Proper maintenance and operation are essential to protect your investment and keep the equipment working efficiently. Store the equipment in a clean dry place. Keep equipment clean and well lubricated. Store the equipment in a clean dry place. Keep equipment clean and well lubricated.

30 Review / Summary What types of tractors and transport equipment are used in landscaping? What types of tractors and transport equipment are used in landscaping? What cutting and digging equipment is used on large landscaping projects? What cutting and digging equipment is used on large landscaping projects? What tillage and soil moving equipment is used on large landscaping projects? What tillage and soil moving equipment is used on large landscaping projects? What maintenance should be done with large equipment? What maintenance should be done with large equipment?


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