Presentation on theme: "Crystalline Silica Bryan Seal, CIH, CSP Steve Delp, CAS."— Presentation transcript:
Crystalline Silica Bryan Seal, CIH, CSP Steve Delp, CAS
What is it? Silica is an oxide of Silicon (metal) Specifically it is Silicon dioxide Its structure is crystalline Very hard Quartz Plain old sand
Where do you find silica? Foundries that use sand in mold and core-making processes Steel and other metal processing – used in some refractories Coal mining Quarries and cement mills Oil and gas well fracking operations Construction – concrete cutting, demolition, removing old pointing
How are you exposed to silica? Silica must be inhaled to be toxic Dust particles must be small enough to enter the lungs – Respirable (<10 microns) Any operations that create dust – falling sand, dry sweeping, cutting, grinding, blowing, shaking, dropping, chopping, shoveling and any other task that creates dust.
Health Effects - Silicosis These small sharp crystalline particles collect in the lungs and over time continuously cut and irritate the lung tissue. This causes scarring which decreases the oxygen transfer capability of the lung. It also decreases the elasticity of the lungs which decreases flow of air into and out of lungs
Health Effects - Silicosis Silicosis is progressive and can be fatal – 15 – 20 Years Silica exposure has also been linked to lung cancer Accelerated Silicosis – 5-10 Years Acute Silicosis – A Few Months 200 Deaths Per Year
What must employers do? Know that there is silica in the workplace Know what the silica exposure levels are Provide training to employees Control or eliminate silica exposures through engineering controls Provide PPE
How workers can help? Recognize that silica may be present Adopt work practices that minimize exposure Wear PPE
What Is OSHA Doing? Standards (Prerule – OMB Fall 2009) General Industry , Ventilation , Air contaminants –Table Z-1, Limits for air contaminantsTable Z-1 –Table Z-3, Mineral dusts Silica PEL mg/M3 - RespirableTable Z-3 Construction Industry , Air contaminants Ventilation
Guidance – General Industry "Crystalline Silica Exposure" Health Hazard Information for General Industry Employees. OSHA Publication 3176, (2002). Discusses what silica is, what are its hazards, and what employers and employees can do to protect against exposures to silica."Crystalline Silica Exposure" Health Hazard Information for General Industry Employees Crystalline Silica Exposure Health Hazard Information OSHA Fact Sheet, (2002) Provides information regarding silicosis disease and exposures.Crystalline Silica Exposure Health Hazard Information Crystalline Silica Exposure in General Industry. OSHA Health Hazard Information Card. Provides health hazard information and good work practices for workers.Crystalline Silica Exposure in General Industry
Guidance – Construction Industry Crystalline Silica Exposure Card for Construction. OSHA, (2002). Discusses what silica is, what are its hazards, and what employers and employees can do to protect against exposures to silica.Crystalline Silica Exposure Card for Construction Crystalline Silica Exposure in the Construction Industry. OSHA.Crystalline Silica Exposure in the Construction Industry "Crystalline Silica Exposure" Health Hazard Information for Construction Employees. OSHA Publication 3177, (2002). Discusses what silica is, what are its hazards, and what employers and employees can do to protect against exposures to silica."Crystalline Silica Exposure" Health Hazard Information for Construction Employees Crystalline Silica Exposures in Construction. OSHA (Ellen I. Roznowski), (1997, July). Includes case studies and OSHA enforcement data.Crystalline Silica Exposures in Construction Controlling Silica Exposures in Construction OSHA Publication , (2009). Provides information on the effectiveness of various engineering control approaches for several kinds of construction operations and equipment, and contains recommendations for work practices and respiratory protection.Controlling Silica Exposures in Construction
Enforcement National Emphasis Program –National Emphasis Program – Crystalline Silica (CPL , 1/24/2008) –Local Emphasis Program – Concrete Block and Brick, Concrete Products and Ready-Mixed Concrete (CPL ) – Pittsburgh Area Office
Letters of Interpretation (LOIs) 02/11/ Label requirements for crystalline silicaLabel requirements for crystalline silica. 03/27/ & Special emphasis program for silicosisSpecial emphasis program for silicosis. 05/12/ (a)(1) & (a)(2) Respirators for silica dust must be selected based on exposure levelsRespirators for silica dust must be selected based on exposure levels. 04/27/ Table Z-1; Table Z-3; ; (d); (g) Requirements for maintaining Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) for coal including coal dust, fly ash, and silica dustRequirements for maintaining Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) for coal including coal dust, fly ash, and silica dust.
Wrap-up Identify, Quantify, Control Questions?? Thank you for your attention