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S I L I C A HAZARDS & CONTROLS. What are the hazards associated with exposure to silica dust, as well as basic preventive and control measures.

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Presentation on theme: "S I L I C A HAZARDS & CONTROLS. What are the hazards associated with exposure to silica dust, as well as basic preventive and control measures."— Presentation transcript:

1 S I L I C A HAZARDS & CONTROLS

2 What are the hazards associated with exposure to silica dust, as well as basic preventive and control measures

3 Each year more than one million miners and other workers are exposed to dangerous levels of the dust - SILICA

4 DRILLERS CRUSHER OPERATORS BINSETTERS QUALITY CONTROL TECH SANDBLASTERS PLANT HELPERS MAINTENANCE PERSONNEL MOBILE EQUIP. OPERATORS (without environmental cabs) CHANGING SCREENS, BAG REPLACEMENT, BAGGING (without environmental booths) CONFINED SPACE ENTRY SILICOSIS HIGH RISK JOBS

5 Silica (Silicon Dioxide or SiO2) is found mainly as quartz in nearly all mineral deposits. It is found in common rocks such as granite, sandstone, limestone, and is the principle component of sand. Where’s it come from?

6 Crystalline Silica Quartz Cristobalite Tridymite

7 What Are Dusts? Solid particles suspended in air Generated by blasting, drilling, crushing, grinding, etc.

8 The Body Defends Against Dust By: Trapping larger particles in the nasal passages, throat, trachea, larynx Trapping particles in mucous and carrying them up the airways where they are coughed out or swallowed (mucociliary escalator)

9 Silica dust may be a hazard, if... it is in the respirable range: small enough to get into the air sacs (alveoli) ---- basically less than 10 microns in size it is present in high enough concentrations bronchiole alveoli

10 How Does Silica Affect The Body? Silica particles build up in the lungs leading to a type of dust disease (pneumoconiosis) called silicosis Makes affected workers more susceptible to TB Causes cancer

11 Silicosis : Severity of Disease Depends on :  Dust Concentration  Percent of free silica  Duration of exposure  Size of particles (respirable??)

12 Chronic Silicosis Most common form Occurs after years of exposure Inhaled dust causes scarring After years of exposure - massive fibrosis (scarring)

13 Accelerated Silicosis Develops years after start of exposure May lead to massive fibrosis and death

14 Acute Silicosis Occurs where silica concentrations are very high Can cause symptoms within a few weeks to 4 or 5 years Rapidly FATAL

15 WARNING!! Even when affected workers are removed from exposure, silicosis may continue to progress

16 Development of Silicosis is: More Likely With: Inadequate dust control measures Inadequate respiratory protection Lack of medical screening Lack of air monitoring

17 Medical Exams Include: Medical and work history Checkup to detect early signs of lung disease Chest x-ray (reviewed by “B” reader) Breathing test TB examination

18 Mine Operators Must Report Silicosis cases for which award of compensation or medical diagnosis is received by miner

19 Evaluate Worker Exposures By: Doing work area inspections Sampling, monitoring workers Observing work practices

20 Monitoring: Personal Exposures

21 PEL = 10 mg / m 3 % Quartz + 2 PERMISSIBLE EXPOSURE LIMIT (PEL)

22 REDUCE Silica Exposures: Assess potential for exposure Use engineering controls, such as:  Dust Collectors  Environmental cabs and booths  Water Sprays  HEPA Filters and Vacuum (Don’t cleanup with brooms/shovels)

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