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Aidan Tuohy Sr. Project Engineer NWPCC Flexibility Metric Roundtable April 2013 Metrics and Methods to Assess Power System Flexibility
2 © 2013 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Contents 1.Strategic and flexible planning project (P40.019) –Work to date –Current work 2.Flexibility assessment metrics –System flexibility metrics –Refinements required
3 © 2013 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Strategic and flexible planning project (P40.019) Multi - year research project (Y3) Measurement of variability focused on in Y1 Characterization of variability of wind and PV (VG) combined with demand Net load variability Uncertainty and variability have two separate effects –Demand is highly variable, but extremely predictable –VG is currently less variable, but far less predictable –Net load variability and predictability will change as the VG penetration changes
4 © 2013 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Work To Date: Measuring Variability
5 © 2013 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Work To Date: How Much Flexibility is Required? At wind output 50% of installed capacity, system needs to ramp at 14 % of installed wind to meet 99.7% of ramps, or ~8% of installed wind to meet 99% of ramps
6 © 2013 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Work To Date: Flexibility Screening Tool System flexibility in screening tool (Y2) Rough assumptions about worst case scenario ramps (e.g. 99 th percentile ramps) Flexibility generator states Without real time limitations, assumptions are required Shows key time horizons for flexibility issues
7 © 2013 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Current Work – Detailed Flexibility Assessment Improve representation of flexible resources –Energy limited resource deployment –Import/Export resources –Realistic thermal resource capabilities Probabilistic representation of VG outputs –Simulating many scenarios More detailed flexibility metrics
8 © 2013 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Flexibility Metrics
9 © 2013 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Flexibility Metric Options Duration curve approach: Ramp Percentile Deficit (%) Historical / simulated production & net load data Calculate available flexibility time series for each resource Sum available flexibility to a system level Calculate the x th percentile of net load ramps Determine the number of hours the net load ramps exceed the flexibility available For all time intervals For both directions
10 © 2013 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Ramp Percentile Deficit 8% (Down, 5 min, 99 Pctle.) 13% (Up, 5 min, 99 Pctle.)
11 © 2013 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Flexibility Metric Options Reliability type metrics: Insufficient Ramping Resource Expectation (IRRE) Historical / simulated production & net load data Separate +ve and -ve net load ramps Calculate available flexibility time series for each resource Sum available flexibility, create distribution of available flexibility Calculate probabilities of meeting each net load ramp Determine expected value For all time intervals For both directions
12 © 2013 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Insufficient Ramp Resource Expectation IRRE UPWARD FLEXIBILITY RESULTS 6 UNIT TEST SYSTEM IRRE UPWARD FLEXIBILITY RESULTS 6 UNIT TEST SYSTEM
13 © 2013 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Current Development Better representation of resources in probabilistic models –Operational time frame resource model –Logic module for hydro and energy limited resources Transmission representation in the assessment of flexibility –What impact does congestion have on flexibility? –Can you deploy all the resources you think you can? –Where should new flexible resources be placed? Traffic light system –Define acceptable risk zone. Measure excursions.
14 © 2013 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Ramping Well-Being Metrics
15 © 2013 Electric Power Research Institute, Inc. All rights reserved. Together…Shaping the Future of Electricity
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