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Perform CPR National Unit of Competency HLTCPR211A– Perform CPR Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd – Registered Training Organisation 32268 © Copyright Paradise.

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Presentation on theme: "Perform CPR National Unit of Competency HLTCPR211A– Perform CPR Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd – Registered Training Organisation 32268 © Copyright Paradise."— Presentation transcript:

1 Perform CPR National Unit of Competency HLTCPR211A– Perform CPR Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd – Registered Training Organisation © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

2 Course Induction & Housekeeping © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4 = Picture of real/makeup injury on next slide  Emergency Exits  Mobile Phones  Breaks  Refreshments  Smoking  Toilets  Certification  Assessment  Policies & Procedures  Enjoy!

3 Legal Considerations First-aiders could be expected to; 1: Act in accordance with their level of training and do so to the best of their ability 2: Stabilise the casualty until advanced assistance is available 3: Maintain a consistent level of training  Scope of Practice  First Aid Code of Practice 2004 (QLD)  Duty of Care / Obligation  Consent  Recording  Negligence © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

4 What is First Aid? Immediate and temporary treatment of a person of sudden illness or injury while awaiting the arrival of medical aid Basic lifesaving skills Doing the best you can with the resources you have © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

5 What is First Aid?  Culturally aware, sensitive and respectful  Reassuring  Confidentiality  Skills & Limitations  Australian Resuscitation Council  Debriefing © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

6 Perform a Scene Survey

7 Emergency Action Plan DRS ABCD  D – Danger  R – Response  S – Send  A - Airway  B - Breathing  C – CPR  D – Defibrillation © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4 Help Defibrillator

8 Danger & Safety Hazard – A source or situation with the potential for harm in terms of human injury or ill-health, damage to property, the environment, or a combination of these. Risk – The potential of the hazard being realised  Environmental / Physical Dangers Fire, fumes, fuel, electricity, gas, trip & slip hazards, visibility, sharp objects, chemicals, bystanders/relatives,  Communicable Diseases Diseases or infections transmitted by bodily fluid or touch  Manual Handling Always follow safe manual handling practices when dealing with first aid situations. Use help to lift if available © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

9 Response Is the casualty conscious or unconscious? “Talk & Touch” COWS C – Can you hear me? O – Open your eyes W – What’s your name? S – Squeeze hands / shoulders © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

10 000 – Emergency number for all emergency services in Australia 112 – International standard emergency number 106 – Text emergency number (deaf) Send for Help © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

11 Airway  Remember ‘pistol grip’  Check the mouth before performing head tilt / chin lift  Clear the mouth of foreign material if required © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

12 Breathing “Look, Listen & Feel” for NORMAL BREATHING © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

13 Recovery Position All casualties who are unconscious and breathing normally must go into the recovery position regardless of their injuries. Important Points  Head must have full head tilt  Face should be angled towards the floor Spinal Injuries – Use the spinal log roll if possible © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

14 Important note – Pregnant women must be rolled on to their left side © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

15 Cardiac Arrest When to Start CPR  Unresponsive  Not Breathing Normally Always ensure that the ambulance has been called before commencing CPR © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

16 What is CPR? Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation its purpose is to maintain a flow of oxygenated blood to the brain and the heart, thereby delaying tissue death and extending the brief window of opportunity for a successful resuscitation without permanent brain damage. Defibrillation and advanced life support are usually needed to restart the heart. © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

17 CPR Ratio 30 Compressions - 2 Breaths Depth 1/3 the depth of chest Rate 100 min Same for Adults, Children & Infants © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

18 CPR If during CPR…  the casualty starts to breath normally - put the casualty into the recovery position - monitor airway and breathing  the casualty vomits or regurgitates - put the casualty on their side and clear the mouth - reassess breathing - continue CPR if needed © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

19 CPR If you are unable or unwilling to give rescue breaths, do chest compressions only. “Any attempt at resuscitation is better than no attempt” © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

20 When to Stop CPR  Another first aider takes over  Professional help arrives  The casualty starts to breath normally  The situation becomes too dangerous to continue  You become too exhausted to continue  A medical Doctor tells you to stop © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

21 CPR Practical © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

22 Children & Babies  Children 1 – 8yrs  Infants 0 – 1yrs Ratio 30 Compressions - 2 Breaths Depth 1/3 the depth of chest Rate 100 min © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

23 Early Access (call for help) Early CPR Early Defibrillation Early ALS Chain of Survival © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

24 Defibrillation © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

25 Choking Mild Airway Obstruction Treatment  Reassure the casualty  Encourage the casualty to lean forward  Encourage the casualty to keep coughing  Call 000/112 if object is not clearing © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

26 Choking Severe Airway Obstruction Treatment  Call 000/112 quickly, but attend to the casualty first if alone  Give up to 5 firm back blows between the shoulder blades  If unsuccessful – give up to 5 chest thrusts  If casualty becomes unconscious, start CPR © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

27 Choking – Children & Babies © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4

28 Questions © Copyright Paradise First Aid Pty Ltd 27/09/2012 V4


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