Presentation on theme: "Lesson 2 Bronze Medallion First Aid Resources: Swimming and Lifesaving manual Chap 7 Bronze Medallion DVD: Module 6."— Presentation transcript:
Lesson 2 Bronze Medallion First Aid Resources: Swimming and Lifesaving manual Chap 7 Bronze Medallion DVD: Module 6
Calling for help http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lkxTxLnQy4I http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Brpt52GthJI http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pqyMwa0TCxA
Recognising an Emergency What are some signs of an aquatic emergency? http://www.smh.com.au/national/children- watch-in-horror-as-parents-drown-in--rip- 20100119-mjar.html?autostart=1http://www.smh.com.au/national/children- watch-in-horror-as-parents-drown-in--rip- 20100119-mjar.html?autostart=1 http://www.scienceofthesurf.com/
Emergency Care What is Emergency Care? It is the aid given to the injured or suddenly ill by the first people on the scene. All emergency care is based on: -knowledge -making informed decisions
The primary survey Danger Response Airways Breathing Compression Defibrillation
Danger Check for Danger Check for dangers and hazards to the rescuer, bystanders and the casualty http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LEeYJrO4p2M What dangers exist in this instance?
Response Assess the level of consciousness of the casualty. Use the COWS method C- can you hear me O-open your eyes W- Whats your name S- squeeze my hand What should you not do?
Airway Clear and maintain airway. Check for signs of life. If casualty is unconscious (care of airway takes precedence over any injury) - place on back -tilt the head and lift jaw - incase of drowning place on side - look for foreign material in mouth - remove any foreign material (dentures only to be moved if loose) - tilt head back to open airway Signs of Life -Include breathing and a pulse
Breathing Check for breathing What should you maintain while checking for breathing? Look, Listen and Feel How would you look? How would you listen? How would you feel?
No Breathing - Give two rescue breaths (one second breaths) Commence CPR 2 breaths to every 30 compressions You should be able to complete 100 compressions in one minute If Breathing Place victim into recovery position
Complications of Rescue Breathing If chest does not rise What could you check for? - check backward head tilt - check for foreign material -Check your seal (nose should be pinched) -Adequate volume -If in spite of all these checks the chest still does not rise, continue with CPR
Compressions Locating the compression point Depth = 1/3 of chest height for all ages
Compressions There is not so much importance now on locating the exact spot. The important thing is that you start the compressions ASAP. Two methods to use Wrist hold method or finger hold method
CPR for children Use only one hand for compressions 1/3 of chest height
CPR for Infants (0-1 yr) No head tilt when rescue breathing Use two fingers for compressions 1/3 of chest height.
Aftercare The recovery position -Extend casualty far arm at right angle to the body -Lift the nearest leg -Roll the body onto the side. Support the hip as you do this to make it easier. -Flex the hip and knee to 90 degrees. -Place the top forearm over the bottom elbow -Tilt the head back and support the jaw with face turned slightly towards the ground.