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Basic Life Support Provider CourseEuropean Resuscitation Council
Objectives perform BLS as a single rescuer according to the latest ERC guidelines recognise the victim who has suffered a cardiac arrest perform BLS according to ERC guidelines be aware of the common causes of a cardiac arrest know how to place a victim in the recovery position know how to manage choking in an adult © ERC
Why resuscitation? all parts of the body need oxygen to liveclear airway breathing circulation © ERC
Chain of survival © ERC
What is resuscitation? resuscitation = emergency treatment to overcome the failure of breathing and circulation maintaining a clear airway breathing into the victim's lungs compressing the chest to make blood circulate round the body turning the victim onto his side (recovery position) © ERC
Minutes count when the heart stops, damage occurs to the brain within < 5 minutes start BLS early © ERC
CPR buys time BLS keeps the brain alive until an automated external defibrillator (AED) or professional help is available © ERC
Check safety © ERC
Check response © ERC
Shout for help © ERC
Tilt head back Remove obstructions from mouth Lift chin© ERC
Check for breathing © ERC
Raise the alarm © ERC
Pinch nose © ERC
Deliver two rescue breaths© ERC
Allow air to come out © ERC
Check for signs of a circulation© ERC
Locate rib cage © ERC
Locate sternal notch Position hands - fingers clear of chest© ERC
Compress chest © ERC
CPR 15 x 2 x © ERC
Recovery position unresponsive victims who are breathingkeeps the airway open © ERC
BLS Algorithm © ERC 2004-09 Shake and shout Head tilt/Chin liftShake and shout Head tilt/Chin lift If breathing: Recovery position Look, listen, and feel 2 effective breaths Signs of a circulation Check circulation every minute 100 per minute 15:2 ratio © ERC
Transmission of infectionno documented cases of serious infection after rescue breathing use a face shield or a face mask when appropriate © ERC
Equipment face shield face mask © ERC
Using a face mask © ERC
Airway obstruction conscious victim: back slapping abdominal thrusts© ERC
Airway obstruction unconscious victim: perform chest compressions© ERC
Checking the pulse only if you have been trained to do so, also check the carotid pulse © ERC
Questions ? © ERC
Summary skills of basic life support rescue breathingchest compression face shield and face mask recovery position choking © ERC
Time for practice © ERC
Background informationThe heart Arteriosclerosis Heart infarction Cardiac arrest Dat had ik ook verbeterd en niet gezegd, het was niet genoteerd opmijn blad : ik heb telkens het voorzetsel gezet. © ERC
RESPONDING TO EMERGENCIES
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