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Basic Life Support Provider Course European Resuscitation Council
© ERC Objectives perform BLS as a single rescuer according to the latest ERC guidelines recognise the victim who has suffered a cardiac arrest perform BLS according to ERC guidelines be aware of the common causes of a cardiac arrest know how to place a victim in the recovery position know how to manage choking in an adult
© ERC Why resuscitation? all parts of the body need oxygen to live clear airway breathing circulation
© ERC Chain of survival
© ERC What is resuscitation? resuscitation = emergency treatment to overcome the failure of breathing and circulation maintaining a clear airway breathing into the victim's lungs compressing the chest to make blood circulate round the body turning the victim onto his side (recovery position)
© ERC Minutes count when the heart stops, damage occurs to the brain within < 5 minutes start BLS early
© ERC CPR buys time BLS keeps the brain alive until an automated external defibrillator (AED) or professional help is available
© ERC Check safety
© ERC Check response
© ERC Shout for help
© ERC Tilt head back Remove obstructions from mouth Lift chin
© ERC Check for breathing
© ERC Raise the alarm
© ERC Pinch nose
© ERC Deliver two rescue breaths
© ERC Allow air to come out
© ERC Check for signs of a circulation
© ERC Locate rib cage
© ERC Locate sternal notch Position hands - fingers clear of chest
© ERC Compress chest
© ERC CPR 15 x2 x
© ERC Recovery position unresponsive victims who are breathing keeps the airway open
© ERC BLS Algorithm Shake and shout Head tilt/Chin lift Look, listen, and feel 2 effective breaths Signs of a circulation If breathing: Recovery position Check circulation every minute 100 per minute 15:2 ratio
© ERC Transmission of infection no documented cases of serious infection after rescue breathing use a face shield or a face mask when appropriate
© ERC Equipment face shield face mask
© ERC Using a face mask
© ERC Airway obstruction conscious victim: back slapping abdominal thrusts
© ERC Airway obstruction unconscious victim: perform chest compressions
© ERC Checking the pulse only if you have been trained to do so, also check the carotid pulse
© ERC Questions?
Summary skills of basic life support rescue breathing chest compression face shield and face mask recovery position choking
© ERC Time for practice
© ERC Background information The heart Arteriosclerosis Heart infarction Cardiac arrest
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