Presentation on theme: "Robotics Revolution Mohammad Mayyas, Ph.D"— Presentation transcript:
1 Robotics Revolution Mohammad Mayyas, Ph.D Department of Engineering Technologies
2 Short Bio- Name: Mohammad Mayyas Education: Ph.D in Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at Arlington, Dec. 2007MS.c in Mechanical Engineering, The University of Texas at Arlington, May 2004BS.c in Mechanical Engineering, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Jan. 2001ExperienceAssociate Professor, BGSU, Department of Engineering Technology, 2013-presentAssociate Research Professor, UTA Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering, presentDirector of Robotics Division, UTA Research Institute,Special Faculty Member, MAE, UTA,International Advisory Board of Scholars, Hashemite University, 2012-PresentAssociate Faculty for Research, Automation & Robotics Research Institute, UTA,Associate Researcher, Automation & Robotics Research Institute , UTA,Visiting Assistant Professor, Mechatronics, HU, Summer-2009Engineer Intern, Rhodia Engineering Plastic, Freiburg, Germany, Summer-2000HobbiesDrawingTravelingHiking
3 I admire Science and Engineering I have passion for excellenceI strive for research & entrepreneurshipI specialize in Microsystems & RoboticsI work on advanced technologies that helps humanity.
4 Todays Topic IS Robotics + Revolution Articulated armWhat is?Science fiction: TV show series?Whatmeans?HumanoidThe American Revolution?Bee!Construction robotsIndustrial automationFuture MEMS droneThe second revolution following the internet revolutionMobile robotsUAV drone
5 Why Robotics Three factors drive the adoption of robots: improved productivity in the increasingly competitive international environment;improved quality of life in the presence of a significantly aging society; andremoving first responders and soldiers from the immediate danger/action.Economic growth, quality of life, and safety of our first responders continue to be key drivers for the adoption of robots.
6 OriginThe word “Robot” was coined in 1920 by Karel Capek and his brother, Josef Capek. Karel was a Czech writer looking for a word to call the artificial creatures in his play!Mechatronics is English-Japanese term coined by Mr. Mori in 1971 to describe the integration of mechanical and electronic engineering.To read Karel Čapek’s drama R. U. R. (Rossum’s Universal Robots) of 1921“Mechatronics is the synergistic integration of mechanical engineering with electronics and intelligent computer control in the design and manufacturing of industrial products and processes”1Mr. Tetsuro Mori1 IEEE/ASME Transactions on Mechatronics
7 Vision Cognitive Hearing Mobility Mobility research includes design and of vehicles for surface locomotion, aviation, and maritime that use modes of transport such as tracked, wheeled and walking motion, paddling, wings, propelling, flapping, sliding, gliding, and many others.CognitiveHearingMobilityContemporary manipulation research is focused on force and position control, compliance, robotic hand-eye coordination, robot tactile control, dexterous manipulation, grasping, articulated multi-arm control, and tool useVacuum Cleaning Roomba/iRobotRobot Writer-KUKAUAV-MQ-9Small UGV- iRobotDetection and obstacle avoidanceSimulated intelligent shopping- PR2Object-trackingBig Dog-Boston DynamicsGames in RehabGrasping- Barrett handRobotic Hummingbird-ASL BelgiumIndustrial automation robot- Baxter Rethink RoboticsRobotic fish-University of EssexSensing and perception research seeks the implementation of detectors, instruments and techniques for localization, integration and standardization of capabilities, proprioception, obstacle detection, object recognition, and the processing of that data into a system’s perception of itself and its environmentAutonomous systems research seeks to improve performance with a reduced burden on crew and ground support personnel, achieving safe and efficient control and enabling decisions in complex and dynamic environments
8 A Broader DefinitionPushing the limitsModern Robotics is a branch of engineering technologies that involves the conception, design, manufacturing, and operation of intelligent systems. This field overlaps with electronics, computer science, artificial intelligence , electrics, mechanics, micro/nanotechnology, biology, medicine, etc.Classification of Robotics by Application
9 Industrial Robotics “Manufacturing” The roadmap process: Research and development is needed in technology areas that arise from the critical capabilities required to impact manufacturing application domainsPerception for operationHuman-like-dexterous manipulationAdaptive and configurability assemblyRobots working with humansAutonomous navigationRapid deployment of assembly linesGreen manufacturingModel-based integration and design supply chainsInteroperability and component technologiesNano TechnologyArchitecture & RepresentationControl and planningFormat MethodsLearning and AdaptionModeling, Simulation, And AnalysisNovel MechanismPerception Robust SensorsHuman Robot InteractionSocial Interactive RobotsMiningProcessingDiscrete part manufacturingAssemblyLogistics ( transport & distribution)
10 Industrial Robotics “Manufacturing” Intrinsically Safe Robots Working with Humans: The Democratization of RobotsCloud” Robotics and Automation for ManufacturingHumanlike Dexterous ManipulationHumans and robots in the workplaceNano manufacturing
11 Industrial Robotics “Manufacturing” Robotics represents a $5B industry in the U.S. that is growing steadily at 8% per year.Robotics industry is supported by the manufacturing industry, which provides the instrumentation, auxiliary automation equipment, and the systems integration adding up to a $20B industryThe manufacturing sector represents 14% of the GDP and 11% of the total employment.Close to 70% of the net export from the U.S. is related to manufacturing.The sale of robotics for manufacturing grew 44% during 2011
12 Industrial Robotics “Manufacturing” The use of robots is shifting from big companies such as GM, Ford, Boeing, and Lockheed Martin to small- and medium-sized enterprisesThere is a need to educate a new generation of workers for the factory floor and to provide clear career paths for young people entering the field of manufacturingLast two years, robotics celebrated its 50-year anniversary in terms of deployment of the first industrial robot at a manufacturing site.
13 Healthcare and Medical Robotics In-clinic and in-home servicing specific tasksSnake-like robotic for endoscopic surgical proceduresCapture human state and behaviorHuman machine interactionAugment human mobility and capabilityMinimally invasive surgical robot- Da VinciLearning and Adaptation
14 Healthcare and Medical Robotics Robotics technologies are being developed toward promoting aging in place, delaying the onset of dementia, and providing companionship to mitigate isolation and depression.Robots are also being used for surgery, rehabilitation and in intelligent prostheses to help people recover lost function.More than 11 million people live with severe disabilities and need personal assistance40+% annual growth in the number of medical procedures performed using robots.
15 Service RoboticsService robotics is defined as those robotic systems that assist people in their daily lives at work, in their houses, for leisure, and as part of assistance to the handicapped and elderly, etc.Healthcare & Quality of LifeEnergy & EnvironmentManufacturing & LogisticsAutomotive & TransportationHomeland Security & Infrastructure ProtectionEntertainment & EducationScientific and Technical ChallengesMobility: autonomously driving cars, 3D navigation..Manipulation: Grasping, tactile sensing,…Planning: situational awareness, obstacle avoidanceSensing and Perception: skin-like tactile sensor…Bionic skin for a robot hand, University of TokyoDARPA Grand Challenge and Urban Challenge, 2007Recon Robotic, iRrobotDARPA Robotics Challenge, 2013
16 Service RoboticsProfessional service robotics includes agriculture, emergency response, pipelines, and the national infrastructure, forestry, transportation, professional cleaning, and various other disciplines.Professional service robots are also used for military purposes.More than 110,000 professional robots are in use today and the market is growing rapidly every yearTypical service robots for professional applications.
17 Service RoboticsIn 2012, 3 million service robots for personal and domestic use were sold, 20% more than in The value of sales increased in US to $1.2 billionAbout 22 million units of service robots for personal use to be sold for the periodThe size of the market for toy robots and hobby systems is forecasted at about 3.5 million units, most of which for obvious reasons are very low-priced.Typical service robots for personal applications
18 Key Challenges/Capabilities Transportation: There is a need for intelligent highways to autonomous public transportation systemsAgriculture: There is a need to address farmers’ constant struggle to keep costsEducation: There is a need to provides students with a tactile and integrated means to investigate basic concepts in math, physics, computer science and other STEM disciplinesEncouragement by sense of accomplishment: a student is building and programming a ground robotHomeland Security and Defense: There is a need for viability of search and rescue efforts, surveillance, explosives countermeasures, fire detectionThe Bear, from Vecna Robotics,Quality of Life: There is need for revolutionary transportation mobility solutionInfrastructure: There is a need to automate the inspection and maintenance of our nation’s bridges, highways, pipelinesMining: There is a need to reduce the costly downtime of underground and surface mining.
20 Roadmap of Robotics Technology Research Source: modified from Harvard business review, 2007Urban UGVDisaster recovery toolsDriverless carAggie-botsFutureToys and smart-phone
21 Roadmap ResultRobotics technology holds the potential to transform the future of the countryAdoption of robots in flexible manufacturing generates economic production systemsA key driver in adopting robotics technology is the aging population that results in an aging workforceRobotics technology allows “human augmented” labor that enables acting on the vision of co-workers who assist people with dirty, dull, and dangerous tasksRobotics technology will allow an acceleration of inshoring of jobs, and longer-term, will offer improved quality of life in a society
22 Design for manufacturing Concurrent engineering Making a Difference: Bridging the Gap between Academic and Industry PracticesConceptDesign for manufacturingConcurrent engineeringPrototypingProduction toolsPilot productionFull scale productionProductIndustry: Firms and UsersUniversities & Federal LabsNeedsIdeas“Good Scientific ideas”-Knowledge-Creation-Lab results-Proof of concepts-Publications-Patents-How to Make & Use-Proprietary-Advantage-ProfitsROBOTICS MARKET$ x 100The Valley of Death- Where many “good” science ideas, technologies and new products and processes die$DISCOVERYOpportunitiesKnowledge“Good Market Dominating Ideas”Exogenous Risk & Uncertainty Market Risk & Uncertainty Manufacturing Uncertainty Engineering Uncertainty Technical Risks Scientific Risks Scientific uncertaintyTo achieve this, we need a paradigm thatInspire students to be science and technology leader, by engaging them in exciting mentor-based robotics and mechatronics research programs that build science, engineering, and technology skills, that inspire innovation, and that foster well-rounded life capabilities, and that prepare them to the demands of the labor market.
23 Academic ApproachCreate an interface between academic research practices and industry need:Criterion 1: Uniqueness of the Technology and Contribution to Sci. & Eng.Criterion 2: Impact on StudentsCriterion 3: Relevance of the Innovation to the IndustryCriterion 4: Impact on New Products/ApplicationsCriterion 5: Impact on FunctionalityCriterion 6: Impact on Customer ValueMarket EngineeringTechnical insightsBest practicesresearchCustomerEconomic researchDemographic researchFinancial analysis
24 The Future of Robotics @ BGSU A Bright Future!Intelligent robot for future homesSurveillance ground robotMedical RoboticsSmart skinFacial expression controlAssistive living robots[Pictures courtesy of Robotic Division, M.Mayyas, UTARI]Human Robot Interaction