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10-1 McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2010 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

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Presentation on theme: "10-1 McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2010 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved."— Presentation transcript:

1 10-1 McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright © 2010 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

2 10-2 Chapter 10 Outsourcing

3 10-3 Key Concepts Outsourcing: A Growth Industry Strategic Issues »Core Competencies »Supplier Dominance »The Creation of Strategic Vulnerabilities »The Dangers of Vertical Integration Horizontal Integration »New Product Development and Outsourcing »Lean Manufacturing Tactical Decisions

4 10-4 Key Concepts Factors Influencing Make-or-Buy Decisions »Cost Considerations »Time »Capacity »Control of Production and Quality »Business Process Outsourcing »Technology Risk and Maturity »Unreliable Suppliers »Suppliers Specialized Knowledge and Research »Small-Volume Requirements »Limited Facilities

5 10-5 Key Concepts Factors Continued »Work Force Stability »Multiple-Source Policy »Managerial and Control Considerations »Procurement and Inventory Considerations Netsourcing The Volatile Nature of the Make-or-Buy Situation »Dangers of Outsourcing Administration of Make-or-Buy Activities »Chief Resource Officer »Framework for Outsourcing »Executive Level Involvement

6 10-6 Outsourcing and Supply Management Outsourcing has become a way to increase an organizations flexibility to meet rapidly changing market conditions, focus on core competencies and develop competitive advantage. As a result, the need for world class Supply Management has intensified and positioned supply managers as agents of strategic change critical to supply chain success.

7 10-7 Outsourcing: A Growth Industry Outsourcing is increasing rapidly »Not just materials, many business functions are being outsourced Outsourcing can enable: »Leveraging of the suppliers expertise »Increases in innovation And result in: »lower staffing levels »reduced costs »more flexibility

8 10-8 Strategic Issues Core Competencies Supplier Dominance The Creation of Strategic Vulnerabilities The Dangers of Vertical Integration

9 10-9 Horizontal Integration Outsourcing all non-critical activities is a trend »The idea is to achieve significant cost leverage To identify non-critical activities, the firms core competencies must be defined »All other activities are candidates for outsourcing

10 10-10 From A Strategic Level: What Should Not Be Outsourced 1.An item that is critical to the success of the product 2.An item that requires specialized design, manufacturing skills or equipment 3.An item that fits well within the firms core competencies

11 10-11 Strategic Analytic Procedure for Subsystems and Components Is the subsystem strategic? Outsource No Can the subsystem be broken into families? Yes Are families strategic? Yes No Make In-House No Based on Figure 10-1

12 10-12 Make or Buy at Tactical Level Poor supplier performance Changing sales demand Restricted manufacturing capability Modification of product Increased manufacturing capability Improved supplier capability

13 10-13 Considerations Which Favor Making 1.Cost considerations 2.Desire to integrate plant operations 3.Use of excess plant capacity 4.Control over production and/or quality 5.Design secrecy required 6.Unreliable suppliers 7.Desire to maintain a stable work force

14 10-14 Considerations Which Favor Buying 1.Limited production facilities 2.Cost considerations (less expensive to buy) 3.Small-volume requirements 4.Suppliers specialized know-how 5.Stable work force (rising sales) 6.Multiple-source policy 7.Indirect managerial control considerations 8.Procurement and inventory considerations

15 10-15 Major Elements Included in a To Make Cost Analysis 1.Delivered purchased material costs 2.Direct labor costs 3.Any follow-on costs stemming from quality and related problems 4.Incremental inventory carrying costs 5.Incremental factory overhead costs 6.Incremental managerial costs 7.Incremental purchasing costs 8.Incremental costs of capital

16 10-16 Major Elements Included in a To Buy Cost Analysis 1.Purchase price of the part 2.Transportation costs 3.Receiving and inspection costs 4.Incremental purchasing costs 5.Any follow-on costs related to quality or service

17 10-17 Cost Considerations The time factor (two views) »Short-term view –Focus on direct measurable costs »Long-term view –Also measure hidden costs (storage, inspection, tooling, quality, etc.) The capacity factor (2 possibilities) »1. We are at capacity –Fixed costs are an issue »2. We are not at capacity – Fixed costs are not as much an issue

18 10-18 Incremental Costs from Make Decision When Operating at 80% Capacity Figure 10-2

19 10-19 Other Factors Influencing the Make/Buy Decision Production Requirements »To maintain control over ability to produce unique parts »Continuity of supply of critical parts Quality Requirements »To control level of quality of difficult parts »To increase level of acceptable quality Business Process Outsourcing Issues »Outsourcing complete business processes can speed up innovative change. »Organizations can outsource entire functions »Consideration must be given to secrecy issues when outsourcing aspects of a part or process design.

20 10-20 Other Factors Influencing the Make/Buy Decision Technology Risk and Maturity »Technology life-cycles »Developing or new technology Unreliable suppliers Suppliers Specialized Knowledge and Research »Take advantage of suppliers knowledge and expertise »Many industries/suppliers are highly specialized Small Volume Requirements Limited Facilities

21 10-21 Other Factors Influencing the Make/Buy Decision Workforce Stability »Stabilize the workforce »Retain a competent workforce Multiple-Source Policy Managerial Control Considerations »Data gained from outsourcing can be used to check internal processes and costs Procurement and Inventory Considerations

22 10-22 Netsourcing Many companies are not readily staffed to keep a company competitive in e-business As a result, companies are outsourcing infrastructure development and maintenance to Netsourcers Netsourcing has become popular since it allows: »A quick e-business presence »Flexibility to make changes »Sustained performance »Support without the need to train or hire specialized personnel

23 10-23 The Volatile Nature of the Make-or-Buy Decision Beware of rigid formulas and rules of thumb The make or buy question is influenced by a multitude of diverse factors constantly changing Under such conditions, few easy decisions turn out well in both the short and the long run Moreover, the relevant factors vary immensely from one firm to another Every company should periodically evaluate the effectiveness of its past decisions to generate information helpful in guiding future decisions

24 10-24 Dangers of Outsourcing Loss of control Loss of client focus Loss of clarity Loss of cost control Ineffective management Loss of confidentiality Double outsourcing

25 10-25 Administration of Make-or-Buy Activities Chief Resource Officer »Manages and initiates outsourcing for direct support to the companys bottom line Framework for outsourcing »Information gathering »Strategic roadmap »Decision flowchart »Transition back plan »Review system Executive level involvement

26 10-26 Concluding Remarks Firms are becoming more aware of the strategic dimension of the make-or-buy decision As technology has advanced, most manufacturing firms have become much more specialized Cost of materials has continued to increase in many industries

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