2USES OF THEPAST TENSETo talk about an activity that finished in the past.To express some ideas that happened in the past.To list some hobbies you did during your free time,besides, you are not doing them anymore.Examples:We played tennis last Sunday.I worked in London from 1984 to John left two minutes ago.
3KINDS OF VERBS THERE ARE TWO KINDS OF VERBS WHEN FORMING THE PAST. THEY ARE …NEXT
4REGULAR VERBSThese verbs, you just have to add ED at the end of the verb, when you are using the past.Examples:Travel – Traveled live - livedPlay – Played want - wantedWork – Worked walk - walkeduse - used
5LIST OF SOME REGULAR VERBS PRESENT TENSE PAST TENSE SHOW WORK SHOWED WORKEDLISTENPARTICIPATELISTENEDPARTICIPATEDPAINTPLAYPAINTEDPLAYED
6IRREGULARVERBSYou have to learn these kind of verbs by heart, because they change totally theRoot when changing to the past tense.Examples:Speak SpokeWrite Wrote
7In the fourth group, verbs in simple past end in ew In the first group the verbs in simple past end in ought.bring broughtVerbs like bring: buy boughtcatch caughtthink thoughtIn the second group: The verbs are the same in the simple form and the simple past.cut cutVerbs like cut: hurt hurtput putread readIn the third group substitute the vowel in simple form for an a to get verbs in simple past .drink drankVerbs like drink: sing sangsit satswim swamIn the fourth group, verbs in simple past end in ewgrow grewVerbs like grow: draw drewknow knewthrow threw
8LIST OF SOME IRREGULAR VERBS SIMPLE FORM PAST TENSE hit - hit eat ategrow grewmake madebreak brokego wenttake tooksee sawbe is wasare werebegin beganbring broughtfall fell
9buy - bought fly - flew find - found drink - drank feel - felt SIMPLE FORM PAST TENSEbuild builtbuy boughtfly flewfind founddrink drankfeel feltgive gavehurt hurtleave leftread readrun ransing sangswim swamteach taughtwin - wonwrite wrote
10TIME EXPRESSIONS Last year Last week Last month Yesterday Two days ago Three weeks agoFive years ago
11AFFIRMATIVE SENTENCES To form the affirmative sentences, it is necessary to follow the correct grammar structure.Noun orPersonalPronounVerb inPast TenseComplementEXAMPLEHE IN THE CHAIRSATNEXT
12AUXILIARYDIDWe use the auxiliary DID when we are talking about the past tense, for the negative or interrogative statements. We use the same auxiliary DID for all the pronouns even if they are singular or plural. Example:you fish last week?We sleep last nightDIDDIDN´T
13N E G A T I V ES E N T E N C E STo form the negative sentences, we use the same structure of the affirmative ones. We just use the short or long form of the auxiliary did in a negative way.Example:He walked.He didn’t walk.I did my homework.I didn’t do my homework.DID NOTSHE FOLLOW MEDIDN´T
14QUESTIONS ? Did you go to work yesterday? Yes, I did. No, I didn’t To write questions it is necessary to write first the auxiliary DID followed by the pronoun, main verb, complement and finally the question mark.YOU LOOK AT ME?DIDHE LOOK AT MEDIDDid you go to work yesterday?Yes, I did.No, I didn’tWhen did she arrive?She arrived yesterday
15L O N G A N S W E R DID YOU SLEEP IN CLASS LAST WEEK? YES, I SLEPT IN CLASS LAST WEEK.DID YOU DRINK MILKSHAKE LAST MONTH?YES, I DRANK MILKSHAKE LAST MONTH.
16GENERAL REVIEW DID YOU READ A BOOK YESTERDAY? YES, I DID NO, I DIDN´T I READ A BOOK YESTERDAY