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Undergraduate Nursing & Clinical Simulation Karen Edgecombe, CPIT.

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1 Undergraduate Nursing & Clinical Simulation Karen Edgecombe, CPIT

2 Undergraduate Simulation in NZ Nursing Council of NZ All students have access to simulation learning resources in order to prepare them appropriately for clinical experiences to ensure the safety of health consumers, students and staff

3 BN Programme –Feb/July intakes 135 students (approx)

4 Year One Focus on Building Knowledge and Skills –Bioscience –Communication –Nursing Knowledge Clinical Experience –Aged Care Sector Simulation –Skill focused Nursing skills – starts simple 2013 change to curricula and focusing on small group simulation activities, with lecturer rotating through with one group

5 Year Two 2A: Mental Health Debriefing, de-escalation Skills focus: injection techniques Area for expansion in simulation 2B: Acute Care – Med/Surg 5 weeks theory Simulations each week –Sim Man utilisation

6 Simulation gets students ready for practice

7 Objectives – what we try to teach Professionalism Assessment skills Communication skills –with the patient –with the whanua/family –with health professionals Appropriate, safe nursing management Documentation

8 Professionalism Attitude Appearance Clear identity

9 Systematic, organised approach to assessment Incorporating frameworks ABCDE rapid assessment PQRSTU Focused assessment of specific system –e.g. respiratory, musculoskeletal Initial Assessment Comprehensive Assessment

10 Students need to know what to do in an…

11 Teamwork

12 Meet the Patient

13 Communication Tool

14 Recognising changes in a patient Close attention to vital signs & observations -Watching trends Report to a senior RN or doctor


16 Nursing Management On-going monitoring vital signs & observations Positioning Medication administration

17 But…. not the real world

18 In the real world…documentation Paper work Computer updates –Patient notes –Neuro obs –Neurovascular obs –Fluid balance –QM0004 –Falls risk –Bristol stool chart –Lab results But wait, always more!

19 Debriefing Peer Observatio n Tool

20 Debriefin g

21 What students say ‘I don’t know anything’ …. ‘It makes more sense’ ‘I didn’t know he was going to breathe.’ ‘He talks!’ ‘I think we should call the doctor!’ ‘You want me to do all that again?!’ ‘I didn’t have time for the paper work’ ‘Everything changed so suddenly.’ ‘I didn’t know what to do’ ‘now I see why how frameworks work.’

22 What is going well We do have some humour and fun. We are meeting different learning styles. We see beginning critical thinking skills. We build confidence and competence.

23 Expand scenario library. Video taping. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

24 Year Three 3A: Family & Community Health Paediatric CPR 3B: Transition to RN Practice Simulation: Deteriorating patient Small group rotations, lecturer follows through with debriefing

25 What we know… Simulation and the Nursing Student Literature supports the use of simulation as an accepted teaching and learning strategy –Anecdotal & research based –Recognise that students ‘report’ feelings of increased confidence & knowledge post simulation (Blum & Borglund, 2010; Cant & Cooper, 2010; Hovancsek & Jeffries, 2009) –What are the BEST teaching & learning strategies that lead to this point?

26 Simulation & the Nursing Lecturer Recognise that the nursing student is electronically ‘savvy’ –Maybe more so than the nursing lecturer! –E-books, Web-based games, cell-phone technology –Have a greater understanding and reliance on technology Although they may love the technology, they can still be pretty naive about it! Use of simulation as a teaching & learning strategy to assist in scaffolding knowledge (Levett-Jones & Gersbach, 2011) –Improving clinical decision making Recognise that clinical areas are increasingly technology driven

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