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Information Systems Management Chapter 11
11-2 “I Don’t Know Anything About Doing Business in India.” Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. PRIDE development team discuss pros and cons of outsourcing to India. Ajit Barid is a former programmer of SharePoint cloud features –His only record of success is that Maggie knows him personally. Started own company that's growing quickly. Don’t know how well the company is managed.
11-3 Study Questions Q1: What are the functions and organization of the IS department? Q2: How do organizations plan the use of IS? Q3: What are the advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing? Q4: What are your user rights and responsibilities? Q5: 2024? Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-4 Q1: What Are the Functions and Organization of the IS Department? Plan use of IS to accomplish organizational goals and strategy. Manage outsourcing relationships. Protect information assets. Develop, operate, and maintain the organization’s computing infrastructure. Develop, operate, and maintain applications. Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-5 How Is the IS Department Organized? Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-6 What IS-Related Job Positions Exist? Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-7 What IS-Related Job Positions Exist? (cont'd) Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-8 What IS-Related Job Positions Exist? (cont'd) Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-9 What IS-Related Job Positions Exist? (cont'd) Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-10 Q2: How Do Organizations Plan the Use of IS? Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-11 Using MIS InClass Exercise 11: Setting up the PRIDE Systems IS Department Assume investment group formed a new company, PRIDE System –Employ managers, sales and marketing, and customer support personnel. –IS department staffed through combination of in-house personnel and outsourcing. You are asked to help plan new department. Form a group as instructed by your professor and answer the exercise questions. Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-12 Ethics Guide: Using the Corporate Computer Suppose you are a manager at a company with this stated policy. “Computers, , and the Internet are to be used primarily for official company business. Small amounts of personal can be exchanged with friends and family, and occasional usage of the Internet is permitted, but such usage should be limited and never interfere with your work.” You learn one of your employees has been engaged in activities listed in the Ethics Guide. Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-13 Q3:What Are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Outsourcing? Process of hiring another organization to perform services. Any value chain business activity can be outsourced. “Your back room is someone else’s front room.” (Drucker) Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-14 Popular Reasons for Outsourcing IS Services Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-15 Risk Reduction Caps financial risk. Ensures level of quality or avoids substandard quality. Less likely to pick wrong hardware, software, network protocol, or implementing tax law changes incorrectly. Risk management is the vendor’s responsibility. Easier to hire another vendor than fire and rehire internal staff. Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-16 International Outsourcing India –Large, well-educated, English-speaking, labor cost % less than US. China and other countries. Modern telephone technology and Internet-enabled service databases. Customer support and other functions operational 24/7. Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-17 What Are Outsourcing Alternatives? Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-18 Risks of Outsourcing Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-19 Benefits Outweighed by Long-Term Costs Unit fixed cost contract may prevent benefits of economies of scale. Vendor is defacto sole source. Changing pricing strategy. No easy exit. Difficult to know if vendor is well managed. Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-20 Q4: What Are Your IS Rights and Responsibilities? Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-21 What Are Your IS Rights and Responsibilities? (cont’d) Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-22 Q5: 2024? Internal hardware infrastructure moved to the cloud. Rise in the use of mobile devices at work. BYOD policies that meet employer needs and strategies. Use of social media inside the organization in true Enterprise 2.0 style. Organizational knowledge management will be done using social media. Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-23 Q5: 2024? (cont'd) Social media sites will have a project component. SDLC will be a thing of the past. BYOD policies are doomed as employees move off the company network. Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-24 Security Guide: Are We Protecting Them from Me or Me from Them? Illustration of a company in the process of setting a BYOD policy. Risk of data loss isn’t new. Thumb drives and laptops make it easier. Why would an employee steal data? Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-25 Security Guide: Wrap Up Get involved in IS committees as a user to increase your personal social capital while learning. BYOD policy is the leading edge of organizational IT use. In a job interview, ask if the company has a BYOD policy. If so, what does he or she think of it? Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-26 Guide: Is Outsourcing Fool’s Gold? Paying premium for services of former employees, now managed by strangers and paid by vendor. Vendor managers evaluated on how well they follow vendor’s profit-generating procedures. Turn your operation into a clone of their other clients. All critical knowledge in vendor’s employees, prohibited from going to work for you. Expensive leap away from responsibility. Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-27 Active Review Q1: What are the functions and organization of the IS department? Q2: How do organizations plan the use of IS? Q3: What are the advantages and disadvantages of outsourcing? Q4: What are your user rights and responsibilities? Q5: 2024? Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-28 Case Study 11: iApp$$$$ 4 U Ideas are only as good as their implementation. How can you go about getting your iOS application developed? Average cost of creating an iPhone app $6453 Programming time cost excluding time for specifying requirements, designing user interface, testing, Apple review process. Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-29 What Are Your Options? Do as much as you can yourself. Determine how many SDLC stages you can do yourself. Design user-interface and specify ways users will employ it. Develop a test plan skeleton. Perform some testing tasks yourself. Outsource to US or EU programmer ($10k). Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
11-30 What Are Your Options? (cont’d) Outsource off-shore or hire a computer-science student. But students may be undependable. Elance.com – clearing house for iOS development experts.Elance.com Lists developers, their locations, typical costs and ratings of previous customers. Hire developers in India, Russia, the Ukraine, Romania, and other countries ($2000+). Break big app into smaller, easily doable smaller apps. Copyright © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc.
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