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Unreal Conditionals. Type 2: Present or Future Time Reference.

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Presentation on theme: "Unreal Conditionals. Type 2: Present or Future Time Reference."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unreal Conditionals

2 Type 2: Present or Future Time Reference


4 IF + Past (Simple or Continuous) + WOULD & infinitive (or MIGHT / COULD + infinitive)

5 When IF is followed by TO BE, you can use WAS or WERE with I, HE, SHE, IT

6 Tom would read more if he had more time (but he doesn’t have much time) If I didn’t want to go to the party, I wouldn’t go (but I want to go) We wouldn’t have any money if we didn’t work (but we work)

7 If you were in my position, what would you do? It’s a pity you can’t drive. It would be useful if you could. If there was a fire in this hotel, it would be very difficult to escape.

8 I wouldn’t live in the country if I didn’t have a car. If you weren’t making so much noise, I could concentrate better. If I were you, I’d make Jimmy wear a helmet when he’s cycling.

9 If I were you, I wouldn’t buy a coat. I’d go out if it weren’t / wasn’t so cold. If I were / was rich, I would have a yatch.

10 Type 3: Past Time Reference Last month Gary was in hospital for a few days. Rachel didn’t know this, so she didn’t go to visit him. They met a few days ago, and Rachel said: If I had known you were in hospital, I would have gone to see you.

11 IF + Past Perfect (Simple or Continuous) + WOULD HAVE & participle (or MIGHT HAVE / COULD HAVE & participle)

12 I didn’t see you when you passed me in the street. If I’d seen you, of course I would have said hello. I decided to stay at home last night. I would have gone out if I hadn’t been so tired.

13 If he had been looking where he was going, he wouldn’t have walked into the wall. The view was wonderful. If I’d had a camera with me, I would have taken some photographs.

14 If you had studied more, you would have done better in the exams. I wouldn’t have been late if I hadn’t overslept. He would have died if he hadn’t been wearing a helmet.

15 If they had known you were coming, they might have stayed longer. If I had seen you, I would have said hello.

16 Compare: i) I’m not hungry. If I was/were hungry, I would eat something → NOW ii) I wasn’t hungry. If I had been hungry, I would have eaten something → PAST

17 Compare: i) If you studied more, you would probably pass the exam → FUTURE ii) If you had studied more, you would probably have passed the exam → PAST

18 Mixed Conditionals We sometimes mix second and third conditionals if a hypothetical situation in the past has a present or future consequence.

19 If I had gone to the party last night, I would be tired now. He wouldn’t be so relaxed if he hadn’t finished his exams.

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