## Presentation on theme: "Sinusoidal steady-state analysis"— Presentation transcript:

Chapter 10 Sinusoidal steady-state analysis SJTU

Steps to analyze ac circuit
Transform the circuit to the phasor or frequency domain Solve the problem using circuit techniques(nodal analysis, mesh analysis, superposition,etc) Transform the resulting phasor to the time domain SJTU

Nodal analysis Fig. 8-28: An example node SJTU

Mesh analysis planar circuits:
Circuits that can be drawn on a flat surface with no crossovers the sum of voltages around mesh A is Fig. 8-29: An example mesh SJTU

or EXAMPLE 8-21 Use node analysis to find the current IX in Fig. 8-31.
SOLUTION: or Fig. 8-31 SJTU

DS:example on F page 394, notebook p105
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EXAMPLE 8-24 The circuit in Fig is an equivalent circuit of an ac induction motor. The current IS is called the stator current, IR the rotor current, and IM the magnetizing current. Use the mesh-current method to solve for the branch currents IS, IR and IM. SJTU

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EXAMPLE 8-25 Use the mesh-current method to solve for output voltage V2 and input impedance ZIN of the circuit below. SOLUTION: SJTU

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Frequency domain equivalent of the circuit
Example Frequency domain equivalent of the circuit SJTU

Example SJTU

Find Vo/Vi, Zi See F page417 SJTU

Circuit Theorems with Phasors
PROPORTIONALITY The proportionality property states that phasor output responses are proportional to the input phasor where X is the input phasor, Y is the output phasor, and K is the proportionality constant. SJTU

Assume a unit output voltage . By Ohm's law, . By KVL, By Ohm's law,
EXAMPLE 8-13 Use the unit output method to find the input impedance, current I1, output voltage VC, and current I3 of the circuit in Fig for Vs= 10∠0° Assume a unit output voltage             . By Ohm's law,                        . By KVL,                             By Ohm's law,                                  By KCL,                             By KCL,                                   SOLUTION: SJTU

Given K and ZIN, we can now calculate the required responses for an input
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With same frequency sources. With different frequency sources
SUPERPOSITION Two cases: With same frequency sources. With different frequency sources EXAMPLE 8-14 Use superposition to find the steady - state voltage vR (t) in Fig for R=20 , L1 = 2mH, L2 = 6mH, C = 20 F, V s1= 100cos 5000t V , and Vs2=120cos (5000t +30 )V. SJTU

SOLUTION: Fig. 8-22 SJTU

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With source no. 2 off and no.1 on
EXAMPLE 8-15 Fig. 8-23 Use superposition to find the steady-state current i(t) in Fig for R=10k , L=200mH, vS1=24cos20000t V, and vS2=8cos(60000t+30 ° ). SOLUTION: With source no. 2 off and no.1 on SJTU

With source no.1 off and no.2 on
The two input sources operate at different frequencies, so that phasors responses I1 and I2 cannot be added to obtain the overall response. In this case the overall response is obtained by adding the corresponding time-domain functions. SJTU

More examples See F page403 SJTU

THEVENIN AND NORTON EQUIVALENT CIRCUITS
The thevenin and Norton circuits are equivalent to each other, so their circuit parameters are related as follows: SJTU

Source transformation
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EXAMPLE 8-17 Both sources in Fig. 8-25(a) operate at a frequency of =5000 rad/s. Find the steady-state voltage vR(t) using source transformations. SOLUTION: + SJTU

EXAMPLE 8-18 Use Thevenin's theorem to find the current Ix in the bridge circuit shown in Fig Fig. 8-26 SJTU

SOLUTION: SJTU

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