5 What is Philosophy?The origin of the word philosophy come the greek words philos and sophy, whose literal translation is ‘the love of wisdom’.It is trying to work out our own best answers to questions that human beings will always be wondering about.For the purposes of FJS we have defined philosophy for children as a community of enquiry to help us make good judgements about what to think and what to do.
6 What If…….The sun never set on Fordingbridge again?
8 Why do Philosophy?To cultivate curiosity and give time to value and explore children’s questionsTo develop children’s thinking skills as useful life skills (important in the information revolution)To develop co-operative discussion and to teach children how to respectfully agree, disagree and challenge others’ ideas and opinionsTo encourage children to challenge and question rather than acceptTo help children come to well thought out judgementsTo enhance the quality of children’s speaking and listening skillsTo develop children’s self-confidence and self-esteem by valuing and building on their ideas. Philosophy has no right or wrong answer.To create the opportunity to engage in deep learningTo stimulate higher levels of creativityEmployers want creative thinkers who can think on their feet and adapt to a rapidly changing world.
10 In P4C the role of the teacher is not as a dispenser of information, but rather as a facilitator of learning.
11 The typical structure of a P4C session is as follows: Warm-up activity (for examples see below)Presentation of a stimulus – this could be a story (or part of), a poem, a picture or photograph, a song or an artefact. The teacher presents the stimulus so all children can see, hear and engage with itPaired discussion or individual reflection to decide on a question they would like to ask about the stimulusThe teacher scribes each question on a flipchart or whiteboard and puts the children’s name by itThe children vote on the most interesting question, preferably anonymouslyThe teacher facilitates a philosophical discussion to explore that question
12 How do you know whether you are dreaming or awake?
13 Ground Rules for P4C Give everyone a turn at speaking Don’t interrupt when someone else is talkingGive support and help them add thingsDon’t say anything mean, stupid or unpleasantIf people don’t want to say anything they don’t have to.Don’t laugh unkindly at something someone has saidThink before you ask a question
14 Children are encouraged to use certain speaking frames to promote thinking/ respect for others’ views:I think……………..because……..I agree with……….because…….I disagree with………..because……..I would like to ask……(name of child)…………I would like to add to what….(name of child)said……..
15 How often do we do P4C? Twice a half-term as pure P4C Once a half-term as a cross-curricular input