Presentation on theme: "Developing Higher Order Thinking"— Presentation transcript:
1 Developing Higher Order Thinking Robert FisherRobert Fisher
2 Developing thinking and learning This seminar will focus on:developing higher order thinking skillsdialogic teaching and learningthe development of qualifications in Scotland to support the Curriculum for Excellence programme.Robert Fisher
3 What is the purpose of education? ‘has for its purpose not the imparting of particular knowledge but the strengthening of mental faculties’(Kant)… to cultivate the mind and develop characterRobert Fisher
4 Why teach for thinking?‘If thinking is how we make sense of experience then helping our childrento become better thinkers will help them to get more out of learningand more out of life.’Fisher, R. (2008) Teaching Thinking Continuum
5 Thinking to Learn (Highland Council) Robert Fisher
6 What are thinking skills? We are what we repeatedly do.Excellence is not an act, but a habit’ (Aristotle)A thinking skill is:a mental process learnt through practicehow we apply intelligence to a problemour capacity to make judgementsWhat is good thinking?
8 Dimensions of thinking These dimensions of thinking at literal, strategic, and conceptual levels :information processingcritical thinkingcreative thinkingcomparative (evaluative) thinkingthrough self-reflection, dialogue and writing, characterise research.Robert Fisher
9 What is higher order thinking? Intellectually challenging, requires effortComplex and multi-variableOpen, uncertain, not routine or algorithmicSeeks meaning, conceptual understandingEvaluative, involving criteria for judgementMetacognitive, involves self-regulationRobert Fisher
10 Activities that promote higher order skills Collaborative learningExperiential learningProblem-based learningOutcome-focused learningInterdisciplinary and multi-context learningSystems thinkingHigh level discussionInteractive questioningAction based researchPeer reflection and challengeHigher Order Skills Excellence Group (2011)Robert Fisher
11 Models of dialogue Speaking and listening – engaging in talk Discussion groups – sharing views, ideasCommunity of Enquiry – seeking understanding via questioning, explaining, hypothesising, reasoning, and evaluation of concepts and claims to truth and knowledge- within a self-regulating democratic setting.Robert Fisher
12 Teachers and students as researchers Thinking teachers and students enhance teaching and learning by research through:questioning, problem posingstudying multiple sources of informationapplying higher order thinkingextending thinking through dialoguereviewing processes and outcomesHow do we build research into the curriculum?Robert Fisher
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