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Atira A/S · Niels Jernes Vej 10 · DK-9220 Aalborg OE · Phone (+45) 96 35 61 00 · CRIS2008 A holistic approach to building a.

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Presentation on theme: "Atira A/S · Niels Jernes Vej 10 · DK-9220 Aalborg OE · Phone (+45) 96 35 61 00 · CRIS2008 A holistic approach to building a."— Presentation transcript:

1 Atira A/S · Niels Jernes Vej 10 · DK-9220 Aalborg OE · Phone (+45) · CRIS2008 A holistic approach to building a CRIS (this is not a scientific paper)‏

2 Atira A/S · Niels Jernes Vej 10 · DK-9220 Aalborg OE · Phone (+45) · Holistic? Dealing simultaneously with all aspects of a system Considering the consequences of one requirement in one area of the system for all other areas of the system Defining non-destructive ways to fulfill requirements; ways that will not introduce two new problems as they solve one

3 Atira A/S · Niels Jernes Vej 10 · DK-9220 Aalborg OE · Phone (+45) · Holistic? We noticed, that when dealing methodically with all the stakeholders we could identify, quality and completeness simply emerged when we aggregated their requests How to adopt a holistic approach to CRIS-building? Focus on the stakeholders and their business processes.

4 Atira A/S · Niels Jernes Vej 10 · DK-9220 Aalborg OE · Phone (+45) · Works What we found to work well Do not take the "requirement specification" at face value Identify the stakeholders Identify their business processes

5 Atira A/S · Niels Jernes Vej 10 · DK-9220 Aalborg OE · Phone (+45) · Doesn't work Planning and managing the project by the need to define a data model Trusting the process of defining the data model to bring up all relevant requirements

6 Atira A/S · Niels Jernes Vej 10 · DK-9220 Aalborg OE · Phone (+45) · Doesn't work We tried the data model focus: The benefits Good comprehensive data model encapsulating a lot of best-practice Perfect relations structures, facilitating very effective reporting, among other things The back-draws We missed catering to the needs of stakeholders who were not represented by specific content types in the data model We missed the "silent" requirements - those not in the formal requirement spec and those not made visible during the definition of content types

7 Atira A/S · Niels Jernes Vej 10 · DK-9220 Aalborg OE · Phone (+45) · Doesn't work We tried the data model focus: Example 1 - keywords Library delivered list --> we implemented --> researchers got angry Only after talking through with all stakeholders, a solutions could be defined: Mandatory and fixed keyword hierarchies with free keywords at lowest level, configurable for which content types to add to (by organization), made into a classification scheme

8 Atira A/S · Niels Jernes Vej 10 · DK-9220 Aalborg OE · Phone (+45) · Doesn't work We tried the data model focus: Example 2 - Registration practices Where should a publication with two internal authors be placed in reports and web- lists, where it can only be represented once? A defined registration practice was made at this university: "The first, internal author must initiate registration, thereby obtaining affiliation to his organization"

9 Atira A/S · Niels Jernes Vej 10 · DK-9220 Aalborg OE · Phone (+45) · Doesn't work We tried the data model focus: Example 3 - Integration environments Focusing on the data model, we would get info about which data sources to use for populating different content object types in the system. But focusing on the stakeholders and their business processes, it became transparant how the organizations processes could and shoudl be refactored: In some cases, maintenance of data should be carried out in other systems, that in other cases data should be imported once rather than dynamically and that the source should be shut down thereafter, or that some sources should be fed by the CRIS rather than the other way around.

10 Atira A/S · Niels Jernes Vej 10 · DK-9220 Aalborg OE · Phone (+45) · Works The stakeholder/process-driven "holistic" approach will lead to richer, more true requirement specifications with non- destructive, negotaited solutions It will also take more time for project planning and -management but also less time for re- dos, oopses and it-wasn't-mes

11 Atira A/S · Niels Jernes Vej 10 · DK-9220 Aalborg OE · Phone (+45) · Works The stakeholder/process-driven approach works with SCRUM, waterfall - it is a question of the applied focus, not of project model Every time there is a new question from one stakeholder, investigate how the proposed solutions will affect the other stakeholders and their processes

12 Atira A/S · Niels Jernes Vej 10 · DK-9220 Aalborg OE · Phone (+45) · Works Several levels of stakeholders: Individual research organization Groups of research organizations National level ERA Immediately indentified stakeholders: Researchers, research managers, institutional managers, libraries, internal funding departments, rectors conferences, government offices, external funding organizations, OA managers, the external research community, private companies, students, press, the general public, etc.

13 Atira A/S · Niels Jernes Vej 10 · DK-9220 Aalborg OE · Phone (+45) · Works Content type definitions is a sub- consequence of stakeholder requirements Focusing on stakeholders and their business processes can help get the good CRIS going and increase the quality of data and services at all levels The right process of building a CRIS will deliver the right result by itself Consecutive iterations of the same process will keep it right

14 Atira A/S · Niels Jernes Vej 10 · DK-9220 Aalborg OE · Phone (+45) · Thank you Bo Alrø,


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