Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Leadership Communication

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "Leadership Communication"— Presentation transcript:

1 Leadership Communication
Chapter 9 Leadership Communication

2 Communication A process by which information and understanding are transferred between a sender and a receiver The evoking of a shared or common meaning in another person

3 Ex. 9.1 A Basic Model of the Communication Process
Potential noise and distortion Leader encodes message Receiver decodes message Channel Return message encoded and sent Feedback Loop

4 Ex. 9.2 The Leader as Communication Champion
Purpose Directed Direct attention to vision/values, desired outcomes; use persuasion Leader as Communication Champion Strategic Conversation Open climate Listening Discernment Dialogue Internal and external sources Methods Use rich channels Stories and metaphors Informal communication Communication Champion: believes that communication is essential to building trust and gaining commitment to vision

5 Ex. 9.3 Why Open the Communication Channels?
An open climate is essential for cascading vision, and cascading is essential because: Natural Law 1: You Get What You talk about 1b: You get what you pay attention to and reward A vision must have ample ‘air time’ in an organization. A vision must be shared and practiced by leaders at every opportunity. Natural Law 2: The Climate of an Organization is a Reflection of the Leader A leader who doesn’t embody the vision and values doesn’t have an organization that does. Natural Law 3: You Can’t Walk Faster Than One Step at a Time A vision is neither understood nor accepted overnight. Communicating must be built into continuous, daily interaction so that over time followers will internalize it.

6 Ex. 9.4 Ten Keys to Effective Listening
Poor Listener Good Listener 1. Listen actively Is passive, laid back Asks questions; paraphrases what is said 2. Find areas of interest Tunes out dry subjects Looks for opportunities, new learning 3. Resist distractions Is easily distracted Fights distractions; tolerates bad habits; knows how to concentrate 4. Capitalize on the fact that thought is faster than speech Tends to daydream with slow speakers Challenges, anticipates, summarizes; listens between lines to tone of voice 5. Be responsive Is minimally involved Nods; shows interest, positive feedback

7 Ex. 9.4 (contd.) Keys Poor Listener Good Listener
6. Judge content, not delivery (or style) Tunes out if delivery is poor Judges content; skips over delivery errors 7. Hold one’s fire Has preconceptions; argues Does not judge until comprehension is complete 8. Listen for ideas Listens for facts Listens to central themes 9. Work at listening No energy output; faked attention Works hard; exhibits active body state, eye contact 10. Exercise one’s mind Resists difficult material in favor of light, recreational material Uses heavier material as exercise for the mind

8 Discernment Listening to detect unarticulated messages hidden below the surface of spoken interaction Action memo: focus your total attention on what the other person is saying. Work hard to listen – use eye contact; ask questions and paraphrase the message; and offer positive feedback. Pay attention to body language, patterns of interaction, and other clues to discern what followers really think, feel, or want.

9 Ex. 9.5 Dialogue and Discussion: The Differences
Conversation Lack of understanding, disagreement, divergent points of view, evaluate others Dialogue Discussion Reveal feelings Explore assumptions Suspend convictions Build common ground State positions Advocate convictions Convince others Build oppositions ONLY way to change mental models Result Result Short-term resolution Agreement by logic Opposition beaten down Mind-sets held onto Long-term, innovative solutions Unified group Shared meaning Transformed mind-sets

10 The leader as communication champion
Establish credibility Build goals on common ground Make your position compelling to others Connect emotionally

11 Strong relationships are built on mutual understanding
Strong relationships are built on mutual understanding. Leadership is a dialogue, not a monologue Dialogue requires listening to others and sharing of yourself Personal credibility: DWYSYWD – do what you say you will do Necessary but not sufficient. Even a despot can have this. Leadership credibility: DWWSWWD – do what we say we will do

12 Credibility (cont.) Forgetting the we has derailed many managers. Their actions may have been consistent only with their own wishes, not with those of the people they wanted to lead. When managers resort to the use of power and position, to compliance and command to get things done, they are not leading, they are dictating.

13 Credibility (cont.) “The true test of moral legitimacy is grounded in conscious choice among real alternatives. One way to recognize moral leaders and to guard against immoral ones is to observe if they engage in learning the true needs and values of their constituents. If they are more intent on telling than on listening, it is likely that they are up to no good.” (James MacGregor Burns, 1978)

14 Ex. 9.6 A Continuum of Channel Richness
Electronic mail, IM, Web, intranet Face-to-face verbal Formal report Disadvantages Impersonal One-way Slow feedback Advantages Personal Two-way Fast feedback High channel richness Low channel richness Disadvantages No record Spontaneous Dissemination hard Advantages Provides record Premeditated Easily disseminated Memos, letters Telephone

15 Ex. 9.7 Dos and Don’ts of Electronic Mail (abridged)
Use to set up meetings, to recap spoken conversations, or to follow up on information already discussed face-to-face. Keep messages short and to-the-point. Many people read on handheld devices, which have small screens. Use to prepare a group of people for a meeting. For example, it is convenient to send the same documents to a number of people and ask them to review the materials before the meeting. Use to transmit standard reports. Act like a newspaper reporter. Use the subject line to quickly grab the reader’s attention.

16 Ex. 9.7 (contd.) Don’t Use to discuss something with a colleague who sits across the aisle or down the hall from you. Take the old-fashioned approach of speaking to each other. Lambaste a friend or colleague via – and especially don’t copy others on the message. Use to start or perpetuate a feud. Write anything in an you wouldn’t want published in a newspaper. with sensitive or potentially embarrassing information has an uncanny way of leaking out.

17 Nonverbal Communication
Nonverbal Communication - all elements of communication that do not involve words Four basic types Proxemics - an individual’s perception & use of space Kinesics - study of body movements, including posture Facial & Eye Behavior - movements that add cues for the receiver Paralanguage - variations in speech, such as pitch, loudness, tempo, tone, duration, laughing, & crying

18 Proxemics: Seating Dynamics
Seating Dynamics - seating people in certain positions according to the person’s purpose in communication Cooperation X O X Communication O Competition X O Non- Communication O X O

19 Examples of Decoding Nonverbal Cues
He’s unapproachable! He’s angry! I’ll stay out of his way! Boss breathes heavily & waves arms Boss fails to acknowledge employee’s greeting My opinion doesn’t count I wonder what he’s hiding? No eye contact while communicating Manager sighs deeply

20 Communicating concerns about performance
Why? The purpose is to improve performance of the employee. Watch your motives. What? Behaviors. Find good ones first, then focus on behavior not meeting standards. Make sure they (and you) understand why their behavior does not meet standards and how to correct it. How do you arrange the meeting? Sends a message before the actual counseling session. In person, , letter, secretary?

21 Communicating concerns about performance
Where? Your place or theirs? Power symbols (e.g. seating) depend on severity of problem and if punishment is involved. When? As close to the discrepancy as possible. Time of day considerations? How do you express your concerns? In person? Written? (memo, , letter, note). Consider speaking to them in person and follow-up in writing. What next? Your behavior following counseling is key. Need to establish normal relations, follow-up but still be supportive. Build efficacy. Remember procedural justice – everyone is watching you.

Download ppt "Leadership Communication"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google