Presentation on theme: "EL IMPERFECTO VS. EL PRETERITO"— Presentation transcript:
1EL IMPERFECTO VS. EL PRETERITO When to use themand what they can mean
2“used to” = IMPERFECTConjugate any action in the imperfect to mean that someone used to do something on a regular basis.You will often precede this use of the imperfect with an expression like de pequño or de niño.
3“was/were –ing” = IMPERFECT You will usually use this meaning when you want to set up a scene and when some other action is going to interrupt the “-ing” action.For example: I was reading peacefully when an anvil fell on my head.
4time and weather = IMPNo debates here: if you’re talking about what time it was (a specific time, late, morning, early, evening, whatever!) it will automatically be the imperfect.Anything weather related – unless you give a specific time period – is the imperfect.example Son las diez y veinte. / Eran las diez y veinte.example Nieva. (now) / Nevaba (past).
5physical, mental, emotional = IMPERFECT PHYSICAL talking about how someone was feeling – estar (sick, well, tired, etc.)MENTAL wanting something, knowing something, thinking somethingEMOTIONAL being sad, happy, confused, scared
6describing a person, place, or situation in past = IMPERFECT When you are describing someone or something using an adjective in the past, you will usually use the imperfect.e.g. My grandmother’s house was big and pink. La casa de mi abuela era grande y rosada.e.g. My teacher was nice.Mi profesora era simpática.
7imperfect verbs These verbs are almost always imperfect: estar to be parecer to seempensar / creer to thinkquerer to wantsentirse to feel (REFLEXIVE REFLEXIVE)tener used with certain expressions (calor, frío, hambre, sed, sueño, etc P. 237)
8PRETERITE = completed action in the past An action that happened and is over with.e.g. I ate breakfast. (Breakfast is over.)
9PRETERITE = interrupted action Somebody was doing something WHEN something happened.e.g. We were taking notes when a space ship landed outside.interrupted bypreteriteimperfect
10preterite verbs These verbs are almost always preterite: empezar / comenzar to startterminar to endllegar to arriveentrar to entersalir to leave / to exitdespertarse to wake upacostarse to go to bed
11HABÍA vs. HUBO había is imperfect version of “hay” Use había when you want to describe what there was or what there were in a particular situation.No había tarea ayer.Había muchas personas en la fiesta.hubo is the preterite version of “hay”Use hubo to say that something happened or occurred. You will put it before the event that happened or occurred.Hubo una explosión en el edificio.Hubo un terremoto terrible en California.
12Sum up…In general, think about the imperfect and the preterite like this:Preterite: Used for completed actions in the past. The actions was done and over with.Imperfect: Used for ongoing or continuous actions or states in the past. These often have no specific beginning or end.