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Presentation on theme: "PREHISTORIC BRITAIN BC: First inhabitants"— Presentation transcript:

1 PREHISTORIC BRITAIN 1 250.000 BC: First inhabitants
BC: ancestors of the modern British BC: wanderer-hunter culture 3.000 BC:Neolithic (New Stone Age ) people or Iberians 2.400 BC : the Beaker people 1.300 BC the henge civilisation becomes less important 700 BC: the Celts

2 First evidence: Two kinds of inhabitants: 1) The earlier group
2) The later group 1 st group made tools from flakes of flint; 2 nd group made tools from a central core of flint

3 BC A new type of human being arrived ( they are the ancestors of the modern British) -looked similar, but were smaller, with a life span of only 30 years

4 BC Small groups of hunters, fishers and gatherers peopled Britain -few had settled homes; -followed deer; -warm climate was a disaster.

5 3.000 BC Neolithic people crossed the narrow sea from Europe and arrived in Britain (either from the Iberian peninsula or the North African coast) - settled homes; kept animals; made pottery; grew corn crops.

6 The Iberian people (the chalkland people)
- small, dark, long-headed; settled in the western parts of Britain and Ireland, from Cornwall at the southwest end of Britain all the way to the far north; the forefathers of dark-haired inhabitants of Wales and Cornwall; built great “ barrows” or burial mounds (made of earth or stone) which are found on the chalk uplands of south Britain;

7 The chalkland people after BC started building great cicles of earth banks and diches; inside: wooden buildings or stone circles; were called “henges”; were centres of religious, political economic power; Stonehenge (was built over a period of more than a thousand years).

8 2.400 BC: the Beaker people New groups of people arrived from Europe:
became leaders of British society; made pottery beakers; first individual graves; brought the skills to make bronze tools; Stonehenge remained the most important centre and the Beaker people added a new circle of 30 stone columns connected by stone lintels

9 1.300 BC about this time the henge civilisation becomes less important; it is overtaken by a new form of society in southern England: settled farming class; family villages appeared; fortified enclosures appeared; hill-forts replaced henges as the centres of local power

10 700 BC: the Celts A new group of tall, fair or redhaired, blue-eyed people arrived; Came from central Europe or from southern Russia; were technically advanced: work with iron; drew the older inhabitants westwards into Wales, Scotland, Ireland; controlled all the lowland areas;

11 the Celts Importance of the Celts:
-ancestors of people in Highland Scotland, Wales, Ireland, Cornwall; -the Iberian people took on the Celtic culture; -Celtic languages are spoken today

12 the Celts were organized in tribes;
continued the same kind of agriculture; the use of iron technology made it possible to farm heavier soils; continued to use and built hill-forts: filled with houses inside, which became smaller towns of the different tribal areas into which Britain was divided;

13 the Celts Traded across tribal borders by rivers and sea;
Used iron bars as money; Were ruled over by a warrior class; Druids or priests were important members; Women had more independence

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