Presentation on theme: "PREHISTORIC BRITAIN BC: First inhabitants"— Presentation transcript:
1 PREHISTORIC BRITAIN 1 250.000 BC: First inhabitants BC: ancestors of the modern BritishBC: wanderer-hunter culture3.000 BC:Neolithic (New Stone Age ) people or Iberians2.400 BC : the Beaker people1.300 BC the henge civilisation becomes less important700 BC: the Celts
2 First evidence: Two kinds of inhabitants: 1) The earlier group 2) The later group1 st group made tools from flakes of flint;2 nd group made tools from a central core of flint
3 BCA new type of human being arrived ( they are the ancestors of the modern British)-looked similar, but were smaller, with a life span of only 30 years
4 BCSmall groups of hunters, fishers and gatherers peopled Britain-few had settled homes;-followed deer;-warm climate was a disaster.
5 3.000 BCNeolithic people crossed the narrow sea from Europe and arrived in Britain (either from the Iberian peninsula or the North African coast)- settled homes;kept animals;made pottery;grew corn crops.
6 The Iberian people (the chalkland people) - small, dark, long-headed;settled in the western parts of Britain and Ireland, from Cornwall at the southwest end of Britain all the way to the far north;the forefathers of dark-haired inhabitants of Wales and Cornwall;built great “ barrows” or burial mounds (made of earth or stone) which are found on the chalk uplands of south Britain;
7 The chalkland peopleafter BC started building great cicles of earth banks and diches;inside: wooden buildings or stone circles;were called “henges”;were centres of religious, political economic power;Stonehenge (was built over a period of more than a thousand years).
8 2.400 BC: the Beaker people New groups of people arrived from Europe: became leaders of British society;made pottery beakers;first individual graves;brought the skills to make bronze tools;Stonehenge remained the most important centre and the Beaker people added a new circle of 30 stone columns connected by stone lintels
9 1.300 BCabout this time the henge civilisation becomes less important;it is overtaken by a new form of society in southern England: settled farming class;family villages appeared;fortified enclosures appeared;hill-forts replaced henges as the centres of local power
10 700 BC: the CeltsA new group of tall, fair or redhaired, blue-eyed people arrived;Came from central Europe or from southern Russia;were technically advanced: work with iron;drew the older inhabitants westwards into Wales, Scotland, Ireland;controlled all the lowland areas;
11 the Celts Importance of the Celts: -ancestors of people in Highland Scotland, Wales, Ireland, Cornwall;-the Iberian people took on the Celtic culture;-Celtic languages are spoken today
12 the Celts were organized in tribes; continued the same kind of agriculture;the use of iron technology made it possible to farm heavier soils;continued to use and built hill-forts: filled with houses inside, which became smaller towns of the different tribal areas into which Britain was divided;
13 the Celts Traded across tribal borders by rivers and sea; Used iron bars as money;Were ruled over by a warrior class;Druids or priests were important members;Women had more independence