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Geography of the Fertile Crescent Unit 2 Chapter 3 Section 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Geography of the Fertile Crescent Unit 2 Chapter 3 Section 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Geography of the Fertile Crescent Unit 2 Chapter 3 Section 1

2 The Geographic Setting of the Fertile Crescent Mesopotamia had Rich Soil Life giving rivers A location that was a center of trade

3 Why were people attracted to the Fertile Crescent?

4 Rich Soil.

5 The Location of Mesopotamia Mesopotamia comes from Greek words Between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates Shaped like a crescent moon Great place for growing crops

6 What is the term for the area between the rivers?

7 Mesopotamia

8 Rivers Support the Growth of Civilization Early people settled where crops could grow. Grew well near rivers. Southwest Asia was well suited for farming

9 Location Mesopotamia is between Asia Minor and the Persian Gulf as well.

10 The Fertile Crescent Fertile crescent is a large arc or crescent of fertile farmland. Extends to Persian Gulf and Mediterranean Sea. (In ancient times) Mesopotamia was in two parts

11 The Rise of Civilization Hunter-gatherer first settled in Mesopotamia more than 12,000 years ago. Learned to plant crops and grow their own food.

12 Rise of Civilization (Continued) Every year the Tigris and Euphrates rivers flooded. Brought silt. Silt- Mixture of rich soil and tiny rocks Ideal for farming

13 Rivers of Life Tigris and Euphrates were the source of life for the people of Mesopotamia Supplied fish Reeds for making boats Clay for building

14 Farming Settlements First farm settlements in Mesopotamia about 7000 B.C. Farmers grew wheat, barely, and other grains. Livestock were also good sources of food. Plentiful food = population growth.

15 Farming Settlements Continued Population growth= villages form. Villages develop into world's first civilization

16 Farming and Cities Mesopotamia received little rain Water levels in Mesopotamia depended on how much rain fell in eastern Asia Minor If Water got too high floods destroyed crops, killed livestock, and destroyed homes. Water level too low crops dried Farmers needed to control rivers flow.

17 Rivers of Death Tigris and Euphrates also sometimes brought flood waters Deposited good soil Flood waters did not come at the same time every year People were swept away Also houses and animals

18 Controlling Water To solve their problems Mesopotamians used irrigation Irrigation is a way of supplying water to an area of land. To irrigate land farmers dug storage basins to hold water supplies.

19 Controlling Water People dug canals human-made waterways. Canals connected basins to a network of ditches Ditches brought water to fields To protect fields from flooding farmers built up banks Built up banks held flood-water back when river levels were too high

20 Food Surpluses Irrigation increased the amount of food farmers produced A surplus or more than of an item was developed. Farmers Used irrigation to water grazing areas for cattle

21 Food Surpluses (Continued) As a result to food surpluses Mesopotamians ate many foods Mesopotamians ate fish, meat, wheat, barely, and dates

22 Dividing Labor Fewer people farmed because of irrigation People started doing other jobs New occupations developed The type of arrangement where each worker specializes in a particular task is division of labor

23 Mesopotamian Society With more job occupations society accomplished more Large projects such as constructing buildings were started Projects required skilled workers Structure and rules provided by government

24 The Appearance of Cities Mesopotamian settlements grew Developed into cities around B.C Society in Mesopotamia based on agriculture Most people farmed

25 The Appearance of Cities (Continued) People traded There were political leaders with power bases There was political, religious, cultural, and economic centers of civilization

26 Geography of the Fertile Crescent questions

27 Question #1 Where is Mesopotamia located? a.) between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers b.) in Europe c.) the Americas d.) far from the Mediterranean Sea

28 Answer To Question #1 a.) between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers

29 Question #2 How did the Fertile Crescent get its name? a.) it is a large arc of rich soil b.) it is the moons reflection c.) it has the same land features as the moon when it is a crescent shape d.) it is in the shape of a circle

30 Answer To Question #2 a.) it is a large arc of rich soil

31 Question #3 What was the most important factor in making Mesopotamia's farmland fertile? a.) there were many lakes b.) there was a lot of rain in Mesopotamia c.) Mesopotamia's land was not fertile d.) the Tigris and Euphrates rivers

32 Answer To Question #3 d.) the Tigris and Euphrates rivers

33 Question #4 What is a large arc of rich, or fertile, farmland? a.) Fertile Crescent b.) Earth c.) Asia Minor d.) Mesopotamia

34 Answer To Question #4 a.) Fertile Crescent

35 Question #5 What is silt? a.) Grass and rocks b.) tiny rocks and water c.) tiny rocks and rich soil d.) sand

36 Answer to Question #5 c.) tiny rocks and rich soil

37 Question #6 Why did farmers need a system to control their water? a.) rains caused floods b.) flooding from the Tigris and Euphrates river c.) they wanted to have extra drinking water d.) all of the above

38 Answer to Question #6 b.) flooding from the Tigris and Euphrates river

39 Question #7 What increased the amount of food farmers were able to produce? a.) canals b.) irrigation c.) rivers d.) lakes

40 Answer To Question #7 b.) irrigation

41 Question #8 How did irrigation help farmers? a.) it provided a way of supplying land with water b.) it produced floods c.) it collected salt water d.) all of the above

42 Answer To Question #8 a.) it provided a way of supplying land with water

43 Question #9 What are canals? a.) Greek myths b.) surplus c.) human-made waterways d.) rivers

44 Answer To Question #9 c.) human-made waterways

45 Question #10 What is a surplus? a.) starvation b.) livestock c.) more than needed d.) the Oracle of Delphi

46 Answer To Question #10 c.) more than needed

47 Question #11 What did people in Mesopotamia eat? a.) wheat, meat, fish, barley, and dates b.) sharks c.) dogs d.) grasses

48 Answer To Question #11 a.) wheat, meat, fish, barley, and dates

49 Question #12 When worker specialized in a specific task it was a.) the plague b.) division of labor c.) metal d.) the dark ages

50 Answer To Question #12 b.) division of labor

51 Question #13 With __________ society could accomplish more. a.) division of labor b.) farming c.) astronomy d.) math

52 Answer To Question #13 a.) division of labor

53 Question #14 Between 4000 and 3000 B.C. what was society based on in Mesopotamia? a.) agriculture b.) public leaders c.) arts and crafts d.) trade of ink

54 Answer to Question #14 a.) agriculture

55 Question # 15 When did Mesopotamia develop into cities? a.) B.C b.) B.C c.) B.C d.) B.C

56 Answer to Question #15 a.) B.C


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