3Chapter ObjectivesAnalyze the trends contributing to the changing family.Compare functions of the family in various cultures.Explain the relationship between family roles and responsibilities.continued
4Chapter Objectives List characteristics of strong families. Describe common family structures.Describe the six stages of the family life cycle.
5Key ConceptsFamilies must be flexible as they adapt to changing societal, demographic, and economic trends.Families perform many basic functions that are similar from culture to culture.continued
6Key ConceptsFamily roles are defined by responsibilities. How people fulfill their responsibilities determines to a large extent how well they perform their roles.Your family life cycle may consist of six stages that start with marriage (the beginning stage) and end with the aging stage.
7Terms to Know procreation given role chosen role functional family dysfunctional familynuclear familysingle-parent familystepfamilyextended familyfoster parentinglegal guardianfamily life cycle
8The Changing FamilyFamilies and their needs have changed over the centuries.The ability to adapt to changing needs is an important characteristic of families.How did the Industrial Revolution impact families?
9How Families Adapt to Change Families face changes and challenges throughout the years:societaldemographiceconomicIssues that families faced in the early 1900s are different than the problems modern families face.continued
10How Families Adapt to Change Flexibility and resilience can help a family adapt to changes.Technology may take place of family interactions and bonding.Families must find or create other opportunities for interaction and discussion.Are technological advances positive or negative for family interaction? Why?
11Family Functions in Various Cultures Provide for physical needs (food, clothing, shelter, furnishings, and health care)Emotional needsNurturanceEducationProcreation (reproduction)ProtectionRecreation
12Roles and Responsibilities of Family Members Given role: A role that you acquired when you became a part of the family.Chosen role: A role that you assume when you marry.Name an example of a given role and a chosen role.
13Functional and Dysfunctional Families Functional family: One in which all family members fulfill their roles and responsibilities.Dysfunctional family: One in which one or more family members do not fulfill their roles and responsibilities.
14Characteristics of Strong Families Family members communicate and listen to each other respectfully.They support each other.They value each member and his or her contribution.continued
15Characteristics of Strong Families They trust each other.They have a sense of humor.They have a sense of shared and individual responsibility.They help children understand right and wrong.They believe in upholding family traditions.continued
16Characteristics of Strong Families They realize the importance of healthy interaction among members.They share a belief in the importance ofa religious or philosophical foundation.They believe in contributing to their communities.
17Family StructuresThere are many different types of family structures in society:nuclear familysingle-parent familystepfamilyextended familychildless familyadoptive familyfoster family
18The Nuclear FamilyThe nuclear family is made up of a married couple and their biological children.Most duties (financial support, childrearing, and household maintenance) are shared between both parents.
19The Single-Parent Family A single-parent family occurs as the result of desertion, divorce, death, or having children outside of marriage.A single parent is the sole head of the household and compensates for the missing parent.
20Did You Know…In the U.S., nearly 1 in 4 children (ages 0-17) is growing up in a single-parent home.Of these children,about 86 percent live with their motherabout 14 percent live with their fatherSource: Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics
21Parents Single as a Result of Desertion, Divorce, or Death May begin single parenthood with feelings of personal loss and uncertainty.Family members need to offer each other special emotional support.
22Support for the Single Parent Friends and family members may provide emotional support and serve as role models for the children.Emotional support and services may also be available from businesses, governments, and religious and community organizations.
23The StepfamilyIn a stepfamily, either or both spouses have been married before and have one or more children from the previous marriage.Each family member must be dedicated to making the new family system work.
24The Extended FamilySeveral generations of a family live together in the extended family.Name examples of situations in which an extended family might be temporarily formed.
25The Childless FamilyThe childless family includes a married couple without children.The reasons couples choose not to have children vary.Childless families may have more financial resources because they do not have the expenses that go along with raising children.
26The Adoptive FamilyAdoptive parenting is a fulfilling way to realize the joys of parenthood.Children of all ages can be adopted.Adoptive families face their own set of challenges.
27The Foster FamilyFoster parenting provides children with substitute families while their parents are unable to care for them.Family members face several challenges, but may become very close.
28Legal GuardiansA legal guardian is a person who has been appointed by the courts to take care of a child if his or her parents are no longer able to provide the child with sufficient care.A legal guardian takes on all of the legal and financial responsibilities for the child.A legal guardian will often be a grandparent or other relative or a friend of the family.
29The Family Life Cycle The family life cycle consists of six stages: beginning stagechildbearing stageparenting stagelaunching stagemid-years stageaging stageNot all families will experience all stages.
30Beginning Stage Starts when the couple is married. The main goal of this stage is adjustment to married life.Spouses learn to support each other in their work as well as in marriage.
31Childbearing StageBegins with expectant parenthood, when the focus is on the coming birth.The couple’s focus shifts to the baby when it is born.The couple must balance spousal, parenting, and wage-earning roles.
32Parenting StageThe main goal is reorganizing the family to fit the expanding world of school-age children.Children receive increased freedom and responsibility as they mature.
33Launching StageAs members leave the house, the major goal is family reorganization.Parents learn to relate to their children as adults.The couple refocuses on their marriage.
34Mid-Years StageBegins when the last child has left home and continues until retirement.Parents often become grandparents.The couple plans for retirement.
35Aging Stage For most people, the aging stage begins at retirement. The spouses break away from work and focus on hobbies and interests.Grandparent roles expand as grandchildren mature.