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Chapter 14 Family Life Today Chapter Objectives  Analyze the trends contributing to the changing family.  Compare functions of the family in various.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 14 Family Life Today Chapter Objectives  Analyze the trends contributing to the changing family.  Compare functions of the family in various."— Presentation transcript:


2 Chapter 14 Family Life Today

3 Chapter Objectives  Analyze the trends contributing to the changing family.  Compare functions of the family in various cultures.  Explain the relationship between family roles and responsibilities. continued

4 Chapter Objectives  List characteristics of strong families.  Describe common family structures.  Describe the six stages of the family life cycle.

5 Key Concepts  Families must be flexible as they adapt to changing societal, demographic, and economic trends.  Families perform many basic functions that are similar from culture to culture. continued

6 Key Concepts  Family roles are defined by responsibilities. How people fulfill their responsibilities determines to a large extent how well they perform their roles.  Your family life cycle may consist of six stages that start with marriage (the beginning stage) and end with the aging stage.

7 Terms to Know  procreation  given role  chosen role  functional family  dysfunctional family  nuclear family  single-parent family  stepfamily  extended family  foster parenting  legal guardian  family life cycle

8 The Changing Family  Families and their needs have changed over the centuries.  The ability to adapt to changing needs is an important characteristic of families.  How did the Industrial Revolution impact families?

9 How Families Adapt to Change  Families face changes and challenges throughout the years:  societal  demographic  economic  Issues that families faced in the early 1900s are different than the problems modern families face. continued

10 How Families Adapt to Change  Flexibility and resilience can help a family adapt to changes.  Technology may take place of family interactions and bonding.  Families must find or create other opportunities for interaction and discussion.  Are technological advances positive or negative for family interaction? Why?

11 Family Functions in Various Cultures  Provide for physical needs (food, clothing, shelter, furnishings, and health care)  Emotional needs  Nurturance  Education  Procreation (reproduction)  Protection  Recreation

12 Roles and Responsibilities of Family Members  Given role: A role that you acquired when you became a part of the family.  Chosen role: A role that you assume when you marry.  Name an example of a given role and a chosen role.

13 Functional and Dysfunctional Families  Functional family: One in which all family members fulfill their roles and responsibilities.  Dysfunctional family: One in which one or more family members do not fulfill their roles and responsibilities.

14 Characteristics of Strong Families  Family members communicate and listen to each other respectfully.  They support each other.  They value each member and his or her contribution. continued

15 Characteristics of Strong Families  They trust each other.  They have a sense of humor.  They have a sense of shared and individual responsibility.  They help children understand right and wrong.  They believe in upholding family traditions. continued

16 Characteristics of Strong Families  They realize the importance of healthy interaction among members.  They share a belief in the importance of a religious or philosophical foundation.  They believe in contributing to their communities.

17 Family Structures  There are many different types of family structures in society:  nuclear family  single-parent family  stepfamily  extended family  childless family  adoptive family  foster family

18 The Nuclear Family  The nuclear family is made up of a married couple and their biological children.  Most duties (financial support, childrearing, and household maintenance) are shared between both parents.

19 The Single-Parent Family  A single-parent family occurs as the result of desertion, divorce, death, or having children outside of marriage.  A single parent is the sole head of the household and compensates for the missing parent.

20 Did You Know…  In the U.S., nearly 1 in 4 children (ages 0-17) is growing up in a single- parent home.  Of these children,  about 86 percent live with their mother  about 14 percent live with their father Source: Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics

21 Parents Single as a Result of Desertion, Divorce, or Death  May begin single parenthood with feelings of personal loss and uncertainty.  Family members need to offer each other special emotional support.

22 Support for the Single Parent  Friends and family members may provide emotional support and serve as role models for the children.  Emotional support and services may also be available from businesses, governments, and religious and community organizations.

23 The Stepfamily  In a stepfamily, either or both spouses have been married before and have one or more children from the previous marriage.  Each family member must be dedicated to making the new family system work.

24 The Extended Family  Several generations of a family live together in the extended family.  Name examples of situations in which an extended family might be temporarily formed.

25 The Childless Family  The childless family includes a married couple without children.  The reasons couples choose not to have children vary.  Childless families may have more financial resources because they do not have the expenses that go along with raising children.

26 The Adoptive Family  Adoptive parenting is a fulfilling way to realize the joys of parenthood.  Children of all ages can be adopted.  Adoptive families face their own set of challenges.

27 The Foster Family  Foster parenting provides children with substitute families while their parents are unable to care for them.  Family members face several challenges, but may become very close.

28 Legal Guardians  A legal guardian is a person who has been appointed by the courts to take care of a child if his or her parents are no longer able to provide the child with sufficient care.  A legal guardian takes on all of the legal and financial responsibilities for the child.  A legal guardian will often be a grandparent or other relative or a friend of the family.

29 The Family Life Cycle  The family life cycle consists of six stages:  beginning stage  childbearing stage  parenting stage  launching stage  mid-years stage  aging stage  Not all families will experience all stages.

30 Beginning Stage  Starts when the couple is married.  The main goal of this stage is adjustment to married life.  Spouses learn to support each other in their work as well as in marriage.

31 Childbearing Stage  Begins with expectant parenthood, when the focus is on the coming birth.  The couple’s focus shifts to the baby when it is born.  The couple must balance spousal, parenting, and wage-earning roles.

32 Parenting Stage  The main goal is reorganizing the family to fit the expanding world of school-age children.  Children receive increased freedom and responsibility as they mature.

33 Launching Stage  As members leave the house, the major goal is family reorganization.  Parents learn to relate to their children as adults.  The couple refocuses on their marriage.

34 Mid-Years Stage  Begins when the last child has left home and continues until retirement.  Parents often become grandparents.  The couple plans for retirement.

35 Aging Stage  For most people, the aging stage begins at retirement.  The spouses break away from work and focus on hobbies and interests.  Grandparent roles expand as grandchildren mature.

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