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Family Types Child Development.

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Presentation on theme: "Family Types Child Development."— Presentation transcript:

1 Family Types Child Development

2 Types of Families Married – Natural Nuclear Family
Joint/Shared-Custody Families Single Parent Families Blended Families Step Families Adoptive Families Foster/Group Home Families Cross Generational Families Extended

3 Married No Children You are a family even if you do not have children.
May be unable to conceive or choose to remain childless. Remain in this family structure until they have children and enter the nuclear family structure. Focus more time and energy on their own relationship.

4 Married-Nuclear Families
In these families, both adults are the biological or adoptive parents of children. There are three types of married nuclear families depending on employment status of the woman and man. In the first type, the man works outside the home while the woman works inside the home caring for the children In the second type of married nuclear family, the woman works outside the home and the man cares for the children. In the third kind both the husband and the wife work outside the home or are income providers. In some situations, the woman might have a home-based business, such as a day care center.

5 Married - Natural Advantages Social support Legal support
Belief that is provides most stable setting for raising children Share responsibility Disadvantages Marriage might fail Dual-careers leave less time for children. Finding a day care you both agree to

6 Joint/Shared-Custody Families
In these families, children are legally raised by both parents who are not living together. Generally, the children move back and forth between the residences of each parent, depending on the legal agreement between the parents.

7 Joint/Shared Custody Advantages See both parents
Both parents have say in raising of child Disadvantages Parents may not get along Parents disagree on how to raise child Each household may have different rules

8 Single-Parent Families
In this family there is only one parent in the home. Due to high divorce rates and adults choosing not to marry, this is currently the fastest growing family form in America. More than half of all children will spend some of their lives in a single-parent family. Currently, 88 percent of these families are headed by women.

9 Single Parent Disadvantages Less money
Learn how to be independent Develop strong relationships with friends and other relatives Role models from relatives, neighbors, teachers and friends ¼ of all children in the US will spend at least part of their childhood in this type of family. Disadvantages Less money Parent may have unpleasant feelings about their situation. Carries the burden of providing all the care and guidance

10 Cohabitation Families
Two unmarried adults who are committed to a long-term relationship and, sometimes, children from this union or from previous relationships are included. This can include heterosexual or homosexual partners.

11 Step-Families These families are generally created by divorce and remarriage rather than by the death of the mother or father. In step families, biologically unrelated children often live in the same household. There are 9,000 new step families being created each week in this country.

12 Blended Families Advantages
Readjust their budget and set new financial goals Learn cooperation, and good communication skills Share parenting responsibilities Disadvantages May find it hard to adjust Have to share space May cost more to run

13 Foster and Group-home Families
Foster parents and institutional child-care workers often provide a substitute family for children referred by the courts or government agencies. While problems with their parents or guardians are being resolved, the children may live in these families.

14 Foster Families Advantages
Have satisfaction of helping children grow and develop Disadvantages Different backgrounds

15 Cross-generational Family
Two or more adults from different generations of a family, who intend to share a household in the future. This family type may include children. Sometimes children are raised by their grandparents when their biological parents have died or no longer can take care of them. The number of these families has increased by 40 percent in the past ten years. In addition, many grandparents take some primary responsibility for child care, particularly when both parents work

16 Advantages More relatives than immediate family live in one home Grandparents help with household chores Develop close relationships Disadvantages May be temporary or long-term Providing care for elderly parents may cause stress

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