2 Types of Families Married – Natural Nuclear Family Joint/Shared-Custody FamiliesSingle Parent FamiliesBlended FamiliesStep FamiliesAdoptive FamiliesFoster/Group Home FamiliesCross Generational FamiliesExtended
3 Married No Children You are a family even if you do not have children. May be unable to conceive or choose to remain childless.Remain in this family structure until they have children and enter the nuclear family structure.Focus more time and energy on their own relationship.
4 Married-Nuclear Families In these families, both adults are the biological or adoptive parents of children. There are three types of married nuclear families depending on employment status of the woman and man.In the first type, the man works outside the home while the woman works inside the home caring for the childrenIn the second type of married nuclear family, the woman works outside the home and the man cares for the children.In the third kind both the husband and the wife work outside the home or are income providers. In some situations, the woman might have a home-based business, such as a day care center.
5 Married - Natural Advantages Social support Legal support Belief that is provides most stable setting for raising childrenShare responsibilityDisadvantagesMarriage might failDual-careers leave less time for children.Finding a day care you both agree to
6 Joint/Shared-Custody Families In these families, children are legally raised by both parents who are not living together. Generally, the children move back and forth between the residences of each parent, depending on the legal agreement between the parents.
7 Joint/Shared Custody Advantages See both parents Both parents have say in raising of childDisadvantagesParents may not get alongParents disagree on how to raise childEach household may have different rules
8 Single-Parent Families In this family there is only one parent in the home. Due to high divorce rates and adults choosing not to marry, this is currently the fastest growing family form in America. More than half of all children will spend some of their lives in a single-parent family. Currently, 88 percent of these families are headed by women.
9 Single Parent Disadvantages Less money Learn how to be independentDevelop strong relationships with friends and other relativesRole models from relatives, neighbors, teachers and friends¼ of all children in the US will spend at least part of their childhood in this type of family.DisadvantagesLess moneyParent may have unpleasant feelings about their situation.Carries the burden of providing all the care and guidance
10 Cohabitation Families Two unmarried adults who are committed to a long-term relationship and, sometimes, children from this union or from previous relationships are included. This can include heterosexual or homosexual partners.
11 Step-FamiliesThese families are generally created by divorce and remarriage rather than by the death of the mother or father. In step families, biologically unrelated children often live in the same household. There are 9,000 new step families being created each week in this country.
12 Blended Families Advantages Readjust their budget and set new financial goalsLearn cooperation, and good communication skillsShare parenting responsibilitiesDisadvantagesMay find it hard to adjustHave to share spaceMay cost more to run
13 Foster and Group-home Families Foster parents and institutional child-care workers often provide a substitute family for children referred by the courts or government agencies. While problems with their parents or guardians are being resolved, the children may live in these families.
14 Foster Families Advantages Have satisfaction of helping children grow and developDisadvantagesDifferent backgrounds
15 Cross-generational Family Two or more adults from different generations of a family, who intend to share a household in the future. This family type may include children. Sometimes children are raised by their grandparents when their biological parents have died or no longer can take care of them. The number of these families has increased by 40 percent in the past ten years. In addition, many grandparents take some primary responsibility for child care, particularly when both parents work
16 AdvantagesMore relatives than immediate family live in one homeGrandparents help with household choresDevelop close relationshipsDisadvantagesMay be temporary or long-termProviding care for elderly parents may cause stress