Presentation on theme: "Monday, Oct. 21 Objective: We will investigate the 16 th, 17 th, 18 th, and 19 th Amendments by analyzing their affect on today’s society. Agenda: Warm."— Presentation transcript:
Monday, Oct. 21 Objective: We will investigate the 16 th, 17 th, 18 th, and 19 th Amendments by analyzing their affect on today’s society. Agenda: Warm Up Progressive Movement Progressive Amendments Project groups What did you Learn in School?
Warm Up Orange Desk: Get Materials Pink Desk: Recorder Yellow Desk: Clean Up Green Desk: Gather handouts 1.Who was the first Progressive President? 2.Identify three reasons why people supported the Progressive Movement? 3.What is an example of the lasting affect from the Progressive Movement in today’s society?
ORIGINS OF PROGRESSIVISM As America entered into the 20 th century, middle class reformers addressed many social problems Work conditions, rights for women and children, economic reform, environmental issues and social welfare were a few of these issues
FOUR GOALS OF REFORMERS 1) Protect Social Welfare 2) Promote Moral Improvement 3) Create Economic Reform 4) Foster Efficiency
Protect Social Welfare Industrialization in the late 19 th century was largely unregulated. Employers felt little responsibility toward their workers. As a result, settlement houses and churches served the community and organizations like the YMCA and the Salvation Army took on service roles. Salvation Army Shelter
Promote Moral Development Some reformers felt that the answer to society’s problems was personal behavior. They proposed such reforms as prohibition. Groups wishing to ban alcohol included the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)
Secure Economic Reform The Panic of 1893 prompted some Americans to question the capitalist economic system. As a result, some workers embraced socialism. Eugene Debs organized the American Socialist Party in 1901. Debs encouraged workers to reject American capitalism
Muckrakers Criticize Big Business Though most Progressives did not embrace socialism, many writers saw the truth in Debs’ criticism. Investigative journalists, known as “Muckrakers,” exposed corruption in business. For example, Ida Tarbell exposed Standard Oil Company’s cut-throat methods of eliminating competition.
State Progressivism At the state level, Progressives enacted minimum wage laws for women workers, instituted industrial accident insurance, restricted child labor, and improved factory regulation. Gov. Robert LaFollette The Wisconsin Idea
Regulating Big Business Under the progressive Republican leadership of Robert La Follette, Wisconsin led the way in regulating big business and implementing the Wisconsin Idea – a partnership between government and the experts at the University of Wisconsin. Robert La Follette
Protecting Working Children As the number of child workers rose, reformers worked to end child labor. Children were more prone to accidents caused by fatigue. Nearly every state limited or banned child labor by 1918
The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration. 16 th Amendment What affect will this have on society?
17 th Amendment How were Senators elected before the 17 th amendment? Answer: By the state legislatures How were Senators elected before the 17 th amendment? Answer: By the state legislatures Direct election of US Senators It was passed by the Senate on June 12, 1911 and by the House on May 13, 1912. It was ratified on April 8, 1913 and was first put into effect for the election of 1914
Prohibition 18 th Amendment
Women in Public Life Before the Civil War, American women were expected to devote their time to home and family. By the late 19 th and early 20 th century, women were visible in the workforce.
Three-Part Strategy for Winning Suffrage Suffragettes tried three approaches to winning the vote: 1.Convincing state legislatures to adopt the vote. 2.Pursuing court cases to test 14 th Amendment. 3.Pushing for national Constitutional amendment.
19 th Amendment
Women Win Suffrage Native-born, educated, middle- class women grew more and more impatient. Through local, state, and national organization, as well as vigorous protests, women finally realized their dream in 1920.
What Did You Learn In School? 1.How have the previous four Amendments improve the life of Americans?