2CHILD DEFINITION 1. Criminal law 1860 IPC sec82 7-12 years According to Child age1. Criminal law 1860 IPC sec years2. Juvenile justice Act Boy – 16 Girls – 183. Child Marriage Restraint Act 1929 Male –21 Female – 184. Labour Laws and Appetent act >15 years5. The census of India > 14 years6. Social Scientists include – 19 yearsMagnitudeBirth rate 41.9%29.5%The census of India estimated that by there would be 7.8 million less girls than boys and 78% of children reside in rural areas.
3CHILD RIGHTS 1. Rights to Survival That includes the right to life, the highest attainable standardof health, nutrition and adequate standard of living. It alsoincludes the right to name and nationally.2. Rights to protectionThat includes freedom all forms of exploitation, abuses, in human or degrading treatment and negligence including the right to special protection in situation of emergency and armed conflicts.
4CHILD RIGHTS [contd…] 3. Rights to Development That consists of the rights to education, support for early childhood, development and care, social security and right to leisure, recreation and cultural activities.4. Rights to ParticipationThat includes respect for the views of the child, freedom of expression, access to appropriate information and freedom of thought, consensus and religion.s
6Child protection in terms of Health Anti natal careDelivery at HospitalsImmunization
7Child protection in terms of Nutrition and care ICDS Integrated Child Development services schemeSupplementary NutritionAnganwadi CentersParent educationGirl child protection schemecheck on Child traficingChildren homes(shishuVihar / Balvihars)Kishora Shaki yojana
8EducationSARVA SIKSHA ABIYANProvides useful and relevant elementary education for all children in 6 to 14 age group by 2010
9The goals of SSAEnrollment of all children in school, Education Guarantee Centre, Alternate School, and Back to School CampsRetention of all children till the upper primary stage of 2010Bridging of gender and social category gaps in enrolment, retention and learningEnsuring that there is significant enhancement in the learning achievement levels of children at primary and upper primary stage.
10Coverage of special focus groups Full time community schools for small inserved habitationsMain streaming of children through bridge courses of different durationSpecific strategies for special groups like childlabour, street children, adolescent girls, girls belonging to certain back ward communities, children of migrating families, etc.Innovative program in terms of practice, curriculum, program management, textbooks, and TLMs, etc.
111. Education of migrating children Seasonal hostels/ providing shelter for children during migrationWork site Schools/ at the location where the migrate families are engaged in work.Paripathitic educational volunteer who can move with the migrating families.Strategies for tracking of children through migration care (during and after the migration)
122. Urban Deprived children Opening of Non Residential bridge courses (NRBCs)Opening of Residential courses (RBCs)
133. Interventions/incentives for girls &Education with special focus on SC and ST children Free text books to all girls upto class VlllSeparate toilets for girlsBack to school camps for out of school childrenBridge courses for older girlsRecruitment of 50/- Women teachersCare and Education centers/ near schools/ convergence with ICDS program etc.Teacher’s sensitization programmer to promote equitable learning opportunitiesGender-sensitive teaching-learning materials including text books.‘Intensive found’ per district for need based interventions for ensuring girls attendance and retentionGirls only schools at upper primary level with in state policy
144. National Programme for Education of Girls at Elementary Level (NPEGEL) Focus to reach the “Hardest to Reach” girlsKasturiba Gandhi Babka Vidyalaya launched in July 2004 merged with SSA in 2007.Where female literacy rate is less than National average (46.13%)
155. Education of SC and ST children Providing adequate infrastructureEngagement of community organizersBook in local languageSpecial coaching and remedial services
166. Residential hostels for children in Remote and sparsely populated Blocks of tribal and hilly Districts, under SSA.
177. Early childhood care and Education To free the girl child from baby sittingSchool ReadinessImportance on 3Rs.
188. Education of children belonging to minority Muslim community Support of madrasa and maktabsProvision of Urdu text booksFree text books to all Muslim girlsTraining of Urdu teachers
199. Education for children with special Needs Identification of children with special needsFunctional and formal assessmentEducational placementAids and AppliancesSupport ServicesTeacher trainingResources supportIndividualized education plan.